The End of the Frontier and Immigration

  • Naval Station

    Naval Station
    George Washington was the first to create a Navy when they ran out of ammunition.
  • Rural & Urban

    Rural & Urban
    Rural area was considered the area where farming took place. Urban areas was where in cities and factories were located.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    President James Monroe declaration preventing Europe from colonizing on the American Continent.
  • Missionaries

    Groups of people who travel to hopefully spread their religious standpoint.
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    Starting with the immigration of the Irish (potato famine) and the Chinese, people from different nations began to move to the United States. Most immigrants went to work on the railroads.
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    Alfred T. Mahan

    A US naval officer. Served in the Civil War. Became a historian and lectured and wrote books on Naval forces.
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    Sanford B. Dole

    The first governor of the Territory of Hawaii after it was annexed by the United States. The only American to have leadership in a foreign area.
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    Henry Cabot Lodge

    A US senator (Republican). Supported the Lodge Bill (was denied) which was to protect the voting rights of African Americans. Opposed the League of Nations.
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    Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt

    Hero of the Spanish-American war. President of the United States. Imperialist advocate.
  • Homestead Act of 1862

    Homestead Act of 1862
    A government encouraged way to persuade citizens to move west. Granted the person 160 acres of land for a cheap fee.
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    Transcontinental Railroad

    A railroad connected in 1869 by two companies that went across the entire continent of America (East to West). The Central Pacific consisted of mostly Chinese immigrants and built east. The Union Pacific consisted of mostly Irish immigrants and built west.
  • Homesteader

    Citizen(s) who pays the fee to gain 160 acres of land. This person were to manage their family by using self-sufficiency tactics (like farming for themselves and their family only).
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    “Civil War Amendment” (13,14,15)

    13th: Set to abolish slavery
    14th: Gave former slaves equal rights
    15th: Gave former slaves the right to vote
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    The industrial growth that followed with the expansion of America, gold rushes, and railroads. This industry was primarily started in the east and slowly took over farming.
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    Great Plains

    A grand area of flat land that was used for farming and for building the railroad. Gained with the Louisiana Purchase and the Texas annexation.
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    Imperialism (Expansionism)

    The effort to conform everyone (internally) to the culture of an American. Ex: Teaching Native Americans english.
  • Assimilation

    The movement in which Americans sought to conform the Native Americans. This was the peaceful way to remove their culture.
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    The growth in population settling in urban areas (like cities) opposed to rural areas (like farms). This occurred around the same time as Industrialization because people wanted to live closer to work.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    Suspended the immigration of Chinese people/laborers.
  • “Closing of the Western Frontier”

    “Closing of the Western Frontier”
    A magnitude of people were settled into the West that was no longer considered “wilderness”.
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    Yellow Journalism

    Type of newspaper/media that used attention grabbing headers and little-to-none facts. Essentially the Fake News of the late 19th Century.
  • Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush
    The discovery of gold in Alaska caused a migration of miners to travel and search for gold. Only 13% of gold diggers discovered gold but the real profiters were the townsmen who sold equipment.
  • Spanish-American War

    Spanish-American War
    The United States declared war on Spain after they sunk the Battleship Maine. The Treaty of Paris was signed to end the war. We gained land.
  • Acquisitions (major ones we got from the Spanish-American War)

    Acquisitions (major ones we got from the Spanish-American War)
    We acquired Puerto Rico, Guam, and Philippines during the Spanish-American War
  • Americanization

    A movement in which Americans decided to accept immigrants into the country. They taught the immigrants the english language and about the American culture.