The Effects of the Lithosphere on Alaska's History

  • Period: to


  • Klondike Gold Rush

    Klondike Gold Rush
    The Klondike Gold rush began in 1897 when an estimated 100,000 attempted to travel to the Klondike region between 1897 and 1899 to prospect for gold.
  • Eruption of Novarupta Volcano

    Eruption of Novarupta Volcano
    The explosion lasted sixty hours and expelled 13 to 15 cubic kilometers of magma, makeing it the second largest eruption of the 20th century.
  • Main Summit of Mount McKinley Reached

    Main Summit of Mount McKinley Reached
    A party led by Hudson Stuck and Harry Karstens reaches the summit of Mt. McKinley, the highest mountain in North America.
  • Prudhoe Bay Oil Field Discovered by Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO)

    Prudhoe Bay Oil Field Discovered by Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO)
  • Great Alaska Earthquake

    Great Alaska Earthquake
    At 5:36 p.m. an magnitude 9.2 earthquake hit the Prince William Sound regon of Alaska causing extencive damage and shifting. Some areas near Kodiak were permanently raised by 30 feet and areas around the head of Turnagain Arm near Girdwood and Portage dropped as much as 8 feet. Madden, Ryan. "The Road to Statehood and Beyond." Alaska. New York: Interlink, 2005. Print.
  • Fairbanks Flood

    Fairbanks Flood
    Flooding in the Interior puts Fairbanks, on the Chena River, and Nenana, on the Tanana River, almost entirely underwater.
  • Trans Alaska Pipeline

    Trans Alaska Pipeline
    Construction of the Trans Alaska Pipeline System begins after the 1973 oil crisis made exploration of the Prudhoe Bay oil field economically feasible.