The Discoveries of Space

  • Telescope

    In !609 the great italian scientist Galileo Galilei Created the first telescope and was the first to see the craters on the moon, the sun spots,, Jupiters four moon, and the ring on saturn
  • Period: to

    The Discoveries of Space

  • Johanes kelper

    Johannes Kepler discovered that earth orbited the sun and could also prove it.
  • Black holes

    Laplace predicts the existence of black holes
  • The heliometer

    The heliometer
    The heliometer, a device designed to measure the diameter of the sun, is invented by John Dollond. It is also used to measure distances between stars.
  • Positions of stars

    In 1762 James bradle published a star catalouge which conatains 60,000 positions of stars.
  • The discovery of Uranus

    William Herschel discovers Uranus and recognises star systems outside our galaxy.
  • Theory of the origin of the universe

    Pierre Laplace develops the theory of the origin of the universe.
  • The first asteriod

    The first asteroid is discovered when Giuseppe Piazzi identifies Ceres.
  • The royal Astronomical Society

    The Royal Astronomical Society is founded.
  • The distance between a star and earth

    Friedrich Bessel makes the first measurement of the distance of a star from the Earth, calculating the distance of 61 Cygni to be approximately 6 light years away; the true value is later calculated as approximately 12 light years.
  • daguerreotype image of the Moon

    John Draper makes the first daguerreotype image of the Moon.
  • Neptune discovery

    The 8th planet, Neptune, is discovered by Johann Galle.
  • first image of a star

    William Bond takes the first photographic image of a star (Vega)
  • from here to earth

    Jules Verne publishes From Here to the Earth, mentioning the exact velocity that the cannon shot the three travelers to the moon (an object must have a velocity of seven miles a second to escape the Earth's gravity).
  • Speed of light

    AA Michelson and EW Morley experimentally demonstrate the constancy of the speed of light.
  • space flight

    Konstantin Tsiolkovsky publishes a series of papers describing space flight.
  • first powered flight in history

    Orville Wright launches first powered flight in history. Earlier that year, Russian physicist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky claimed, with complex mathematical theories that man will one day travel in space and occupy planets.
  • Theory of relativity

    Albert Einstein publishes "theory of relativity."
  • Discovery of proxima Centauri

    Discovery of Proxima Centauri, the nearest star to the Earth (except the Sun).
  • astronimical union founded

    International Astronomical Union founded.
  • Edwin Hubble

    Edwin Hubble proves that galaxies are systems independent of the Milky Way.
  • pluto

    Clyde Tombaugh discovers the 9th planet, Pluto.
  • Jet Engine

    Frank J Whittle invents the jet engine. Robert Watson-Watt invents radar.
  • Sound barrier broken

    Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 rocket plane.
  • Hale reflector telescope

    The Hale reflector telescope is installed at the Mount Palomar observatory in California.
  • Rocket testing ground

    Rocket testing ground is established at Cape Canaveral
  • mokeys sent into space

    First space flight by living creatures when US sends 4 monkeys into the stratosphere.
  • Jordell Blank telescope

    The Jodrell Bank telescope is completed
  • USSR Lauches Sputnik 1

    USSR launches the Sputnik 1 satellite into space.
  • NASA

    NASA founded.
  • pictures of the moon

    First pictures of far side of the moon by Luna III.
  • First man in space

    Yuri Gagarin the first man in space. Alan B. Shephard Jr is the first American in space.
  • first american to obirt earht

    John Glenn becomes first American to orbit earth in space.
  • First woman in space

    Velentina Tereshklova becomes first woman in space in Vostok 6. First quasar discovered.
  • first space walk

    Soviet astronaut Alexei Leonov makes the first space walk.
  • first docking

    Neil Armstrong and David Scott makes the first space docking in Gemini 8. Luna IX probe lands on the Moon, while Venera III makes a landing on Venus.
  • first pulsar

    Bell and Hewish discover the first pulsar
  • First man on the moon

    Neil Armstrong is the first man on the moon followed by Buzz Aldrin.
  • Apollo 13

    Apollo 13 forced to abort Lunar Mission when oxygen tank explodes. Crew managed safe return to Earth.
  • Launch of Salyut I

    The Russians launch Salyut I, the first orbital space statio
  • Soviet Soyuz 19 and Apollo 18 dock

    Soviet Soyuz 19 docks with Apollo 18. Venera IX makes a landing on Venus and relays pictures of the planet back to the Earth
  • Landing on mars

    Viking I lands on Mars.
  • rings around uranus discovered

    Rings around Uranus discovered. The Voyager deep space probes are launched.
  • Pioneer 1 and 2 reach venus

    Pioneer 1 and 2 reach Venus 1978 James Christy discovers Charon, a moon of Pluto.
  • Voyager

    The Voyager spacecraft pass Jupiter and Saturn, relaying an enormous amount of information back.
  • Neptune rings

    Rings around Neptune discovered
  • First US Woman in space

    Sally Ride is first US woman in space. Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to travel beyond the solar system.
  • Voyager 2

    Voyager 2 reaches Uranus, finding 6 new moons.
  • supernova

    Supernova SN1987A flares up, becoming the first supernova visible to the naked eye since 1604.
  • Voyager 2 Discovers 8 moons of neptune

    Voyager 2 reaches Neptune, discovering a ring system and 8 moons.
  • hubble space telescope

    Hubble space telescope launched.
  • Asteriod passes earth

    An asteroid passes earth at only 160 000km (100,000 miles). Hubble Space Telescope finds evidence for a black hole at the centre of the M87 galaxy..
  • Anouncement of living organisms

    NASA scientist announce the discovery of proof of living organisms on a Mars meteorite in Antarctica.
  • Pathfinder

    US space probe pathfinder lands on Mars.
  • Black hole evidence

    Evidence for a black hole at the center of our galaxy is found. Spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker safely lands on the asteroid 433 Eros, February 15. United States launched the Genesis mission to study solar wind particles.
  • First planet orbiting a giant star

    First planet detected orbiting a giant star. Mars Odyssey achieves possible identification of significant amounts of frozen water.