The Classical era (1730s-1810s)

By hr_love
  • Francois Couperin (1668-1733)

    He was a French composer who wrote in the Rocco style.
  • Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683-1754)

    He was one of the second important opera composer and a well known theorist.
  • Pietro Metastasio(1698-1782)

    She was a court poet in Vienna and a primary librettist for open seria in the late Baroque and classical period. She also set the standards for the opera style circa(1750).
  • Frederick the Great (1712-1786)

    He was known as the one who reigned over the kingdom of Prussia. He was also known for his achievements as an patronage of the Prussian arts, composed at least 100 sonatas and 4 symphonies, spoke different languages and so much more.
  • Carl Philippe Emanuel Bach (1714-1788)

    He was the primary composer of the style of Empgindsamkeit style, which was translated as a sensitive or the sentimental style. He also worked in Berlin for Frederick the Great (Frederick II).
  • Christoph Willibald Gluck(1714-1787)

    He was involved with lyric dramatic opera, and brought about operatic reform in Italian opera seria.
  • The Rocco Style (1730s-1760s)

    It was derived from a French rocaille meaning "scroll". It was often featured in ornate styles.
  • Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)

    One of the effective composers of the wit in this period. Considered as the primary composer of this era.
  • Invention of the Symphony

    It was invented by Giovanni Battista Sammartini in 1740s in Milan, Italy. It was one of the new genre to emerge in the classical era. The 4th movement(minuet) which was made in Mannheim German was added to the movements of symphony in the same year.
  • Giovanni Paisiello(1740-1816)

    He was a good Italian composer and wrote 94 opera.
  • William Billings (1746-1800)

    He was one of the first American composer. He taught himself to compose. His first publication was "The new England psalm singer" in 1770.
  • Antonio Salieri (1750-1825)

    He was considered a successful court composer in Vienna; also very popular and talented. He composed many operas in Italian, German, and French.
  • The First String Quartets

    It was invented by Franz Xaver Ritcher(1709-1789). It was first composed in 1750s. It was a prestigious chamber music genre appealed to aristocratic social life.
  • Maria Anna Mozart (1751-1829)

    She was one of the known female composer's and was described as equal in talent happens. She was also known as the sisters of Mozart.
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)

    He was known to be a composer at a young age. Also a keyboard virtuoso, good violinist, and dancer. He was also taken to tours in Europe by his father who was a musician/teacher/violinist/author (Leopold Mozart 1719-1787).
  • Maria Theresa von Paradise(1759-1984)

    She was the other sister of Mozart. And, an excellent pianist and organist.
  • Sturm and Drang (1760s-1780s)

    it was an emotional stylistic that emerged in during this period featuring more emotional expression indicating the use of more minor keys.
  • Industrial revolution

    It made mass production possible in 1760s-1790s.
  • Instruments

    The piano's patented version was first established in England in 1777. The clarinet was commonly used in orchestral and chamber music from 1770s and 80s.
  • Sonata form

    It was among the most widely used form in the 1770s and 1780s for symphonic and chamber pieces. Mozart heard and wrote a great number of pieces from this form.
  • Revolutions

    There were two revolutions that had a great impact to the political systems and social order. These are American revolution(1775-1783) and French revolution(1789-1799).
  • Instrumental Concerts

    They began to rise in importance after the early form of public entertainment faded which was the Opera. It was matching with rivaling operatic performance in the 19th century.