Literatura inglesa foto shakespeare

English Literature History by Heiner Lemus.

  • Period: 450 to 1066

    Old English or Anglo-Saxon Period

    During this time the first long narrative poems appeared in the English Literature like Beowulf and Widsith, the most popular is the epic poem of Beowulf. Some of the famous writers are Cynewulf and Caedmon.
  • 670


    Caedmon was an English poet, he lived around the VII century and was part of the Streonæshalch monastery. His best-known work is Caedmon's hymn, although there is no specific date of its creation by the author.
  • 900

    Christ II (The Ascension)

    This is a poem by Cynewulf written during the Old English period or century VIII considered a religious writing since the poem is about the ascension of Jesus.
  • Period: 1066 to 1500

    Middle English Period

    During this time Geoffrey Chaucer was known for his poetry of courtly love and is among the most respected poets in the period from 1342 to 1400. His famous “Canterbury Tales” helped English to gain credibility as a literary language. William Langland represents another popular genre of this period, the secular and religious prose.
  • 1392

    Geoffrey Chaucer

    Geoffrey Chaucer
    Writer, philosopher and poet, he was considered the most important in English literature during the Middle English period, he was born in London in 1340 and died in 1400, his known work is the Canterbury Tales written around the year 1392.
  • 1392

    Piers Plowman

    It’s a poem with alliterative verses and without rhyme written by William Langland between 1367 and 1392, it is allegorical and moral because it deals with issues of life, how those peasants of the time live it and are treated.
  • Period: 1500 to

    The Renaissance

    This period is also known as the Golden Age, during the Elizabethan period between 1558 and 1603 the new humanism emerged, there were many important works, Thomas introduced the sonnets and the Earl of Surrey brought the use of blank verse which was later used by famous Elizabethan writers. like Shakespeare, he contributed to the Golden Age with many historical dramas and tragedies, as well as plays and romantic comedies.
  • William Shakespeare

    William Shakespeare
    He is considered the most important writer in the English language, his large number of works gave him this title, he was born in 1564 and died in 1616, he was a poet, playwright and actor. A well-known work is the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet written in 1595.
  • Hero and Leander

    It is a widely used myth, in this case by the Renaissance poet Christopher Marlowe, he wrote a long story ending in the union of the two main characters. The poem was completed by George Chapman after Marlowe's death and was published many times from 1598 to 1637.
  • Period: to

    Neoclassical Period

    During this period the Restoration era unfolded, John Dryden emerged as one of the prominent literary figures, wrote a famous heroic poem, the "Astra Radix" and John Milton, a well known polemicist who wrote the famous "Paradise Lost". The eminent philosopher of this time was John Locke, he wrote numerous essays and most of his works delved into the unraveling of the functioning of society, as well as the debate and exploration of human intelligence.
  • Astraea Redux

    This poem written by John Dryden at the beginning of the neoclassical period, in the year 1660, deals with some political issues and the commitment to peace.
  • John Milton

    John Milton
    He was an English poet and essayist, recognized in the neoclassical era for his epic poem Paradise Lost of 1667, and even held the position of Minister of Foreign Languages. He was born in London in 1608 and died in 1674.
  • Period: to

    The Romantic Period

    During this time the English literature was emphasis on individual thoughts and personal feelings with authors who wrote about life, love and nature. In general, the authors found the world disappointing and had a melancholic bent to their works, the most famous authors of this period were John Keats and William Wordsworth. Romance novels and Gothic novels were well received with some prominent writers like Matthew Lewis and Jane Austen.
  • The Mysteries of Udolfo

    In this period the Gothic era was born too, between 1786 and 1800, the novel The Mysteries of Udolfo of 1794 by the writer Ann Radcliffe, considered a pioneer in the gothic horror novel and gothic romance, is a good example of the theme so heard at this time.
  • John Keats

    John Keats
    He is one of the most recognized poets of the romantic era, his life as a writer was short but very important. born in London in 1795 and died in 1821. in 1819 he published five odes: Ode to Psyche, Ode to a nightingale,Ode on a Greek Urn, Ode to melancholy, Ode to indolence and leave his exuberant, imaginative and melancholic language well marked.
  • Period: to

    The Victorian Period

    This period includes the Modernist English Literature, some works of Christina Rossetti, Alfred Lord Tennyson and Matthew Arnold, where the most relevant. This period is in strong conflict with the Romantic period as being the most popular, influential, and prolific period in all of English literature.
  • Ulysses

    This poem written by the Victorian British poet Alfred Tennyson in blank verse or single lines and without rhyme, published in 1842 reflects the dramatic theme as the author develops it from the death of his friend Henry Hallam.
  • Christina Rossetti

    Christina Rossetti
    She was a British poet born in 1830 until her death in 1894, one of the most important figures of the 19th century in her country. She wrote since she was a child but her first work, Goblin Market and Other Poems, was published until 1862, being her best known work.
  • Period: to

    The Edwardian Period

    This period was characterized by the large number of novels and short stories published and read. Some authors and their recognized works are Beatrix Potter and the tale of Peter Rabbit, Lucy Maud Montgomery and the novel Anne of Green Gables, H.G. Wells and the novel History of Mr. Polly.
  • Lucy Maud Montgomery

    Lucy Maud Montgomery
    A Canadian writer who lived between 1870 and 1942, was a teacher and worked in newspapers such as Echo, in 1908 she published her first book called Anne of Green Gables. Her history is short and he is best recognized only for some of his novels but he left many writings especially novels.
  • Period: to

    The Georgian Period

    During the reign of George V the Georgian period was named, georgian poets such as Ralph Hodgson, John Masefield, W.H. Davies and Rupert Brooke stand out at this time. Themes dedicated to the rural were noted and are treated with delicacy and experimentation.
  • John Masefield

    John Masefield
    He was a writer born in London in 1878 until his death in 1967. He lived for a few years in the United States and is well known for his poems in the Salt-Water Ballads of 1902, as he was a sailor before living in the United States and settling in London. His long narrative poems such as The Everlasting Mercy of 1911 are also known.
  • Ladies Whose Bright Eyes

    Written by Ford Madox Ford in 1911, it is a novel that deals with time travel but is still considered conventional literature and not science fiction.
  • The Mystery

    It is like a collection of poems by the English poet Ralph Hodgson published in 1913 thanks to the fact that he founded a small printing press, he received an award in 1914 the Edmond de Polignac but in the same year the printing press was closed due to the First World War.
  • Period: to

    The Modern Period

    This was a period mostly inclined to experimentation with theme, style, and form, encompassing narrative, verse, and drama, and the questioning of traditional values. Some well-known authors included Virginia Woolf, Dorothy Richardson, Seamus Heaney, and Robert Graves.
  • Virginia Woolf

    Virginia Woolf
    British writer, born in London in 1882 and died in 1941, she was considered one of the best of her time and seen as an international feminist figure. One of her most famous works was an essay called A Room of One's Own, which is widely cited by feminist movements.
  • Eighteen Poems

    It is a book of poetry by the poet Dylan Thomas from the year 1934, it was his first book in which he dealt with themes of love, birth and death, also written in passionate and rhymed verses. The poems in the book have no name and are known by their first line, for example The force that drives the flower through the green wick, which was in fact the poem that made the Welsh poet famous.
  • Period: to

    The Post-Modern Period

    This period covers from the end of the W.W.II to the present, includes the development of topics such as post-structuralist literary theory and criticism. Featured authors include Anthony Burgess, Samuel Beckett, and Penelope M.
  • Anthony Burgess

    Anthony Burgess
    Born in England in 1917 and died in 1993, he was a writer and composer, best known for his novel Clockwork Orange published in 1962. In the works he made after the death of his mother, the deep feeling that her loss left him shows.
  • Closing Time

    Novel written by the American author Joseph Heller and published in 1994, it is considered a sequel to the previous novel by the same author, Catch 22 of 1961. This novel recounts facts related to the author's life and also the most natural death and not by war.