The Baroque (Early, Middle & Late): 1600 - 1730s - Timeline 2

  • Period: 1567 to

    Claudio Monteverdi

    Trained in the Renaissance style, also adept at composing "modern" music. Used dissonance in his madrigals for text expression.
  • Period: to

    Girolamo Frescobaldi

    Finest organist of early baroque. Greatly influenced J.S. Bach.
  • Period: to

    Francesca Caccini

    Soprano, daughter of Giulio Caccini. First woman to compose operas.
  • Dafne

    First opera, composed by Giulio Caccini and Jacopo Peri.
  • Euridice

    First extant opera, composed by Giulio Caccini and Jacopo Peri.
  • Monody

    Attempt by the Florentine Camerata to revive Greek drama. Solo voice + basso continuo; the singer would "speak in tones" without fully singing. ALWAYS HOMOPHONIC.
  • Period: to

    Early Baroque

  • Primmo Libro delle Musiche a una e due Voci

    Written by Francesca Caccini.
  • Period: to

    Barbara Strozzi

    Born in Venice, mother was a servant to Giulio Strozzi. Published 8 set of songs dedicated to different patrons.
  • Teatro di San Cassiano

    The world's first theater dedicated fully to opera.
  • Period: to

    Louis XIV

    King of France. Loved his legs.
  • The Coronation of Poppea

    Monteverdi's last opera.
  • Period: to

    Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber

    Bohemian-Austrian composer/violinist. One of the most important composers for violin. Composed Catholic sacred music, violin sonatas, and ensemble music.
    - 6th/7th positions
    - Double stops & polyphony
    - Scordatura
  • Cantatas

    Usually secular, in Italian, and composed for 1-2 singers with basso continuo/possibly a small string ensemble.
  • L'astratto (The Distracted One)

    Cantata by Strozzi. Immensely suggestive. Text painting with chromaticism, basso continuo accompaniment.
  • Period: to

    Middle Baroque

  • Period: to

    Arcangelo Corelli

    Master of trio sonata (two treble lines/basso continuo).
  • Sonata da camera

    Sonata for the "chamber" or "room," usually played by harpsichord.
  • Sonata da chiesa

    "Church" sonata. Serious in tone, contrapuntal. Played by an organ.
  • Period: to

    Henry Purcell

    Singer, organist, composer of instrumental and vocal music. Worked in the court of Charles II, when stage plays were again allowed.
  • Period: to

    Alessandro Scarlatti

    Father of Domenico Scarlatti. Teacher in Naples, many of his students helped create the new classical style. Death (partly) marks the end of the Baroque era.
  • Period: to

    Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre

    "The wonder of our century." 17th century France.
  • Period: to

    Francois Couperin

    French composer.
  • Sonata No. 1 (Biber)

    Mid-Baroque violin sonata. Opening "Praeludium" is for violin and basso continuo.
  • Period: to

    Antonio Vivaldi

    "Red Priest." Music director at Pieta. Composed many operas, sacred music, and instrumental works. Wrote 800 concertos, considered the greatest master of the Baroque concerto.
  • Period: to

    Georg Philip Telemann

    German composer. Composed 125 orchestral suites. Helped establish French-style orchestral suite in Germany.
  • Period: to

    Jean-Joseph Mouret

    Representative composer from the French court. Composed operas and suites.
  • Period: to

    Domenico Scarlatti

    Keyboard virtuoso. Served Portuguese/Spanish royal family. Had a progressive style, wrote over 500 sonatas.
  • Period: to

    Johann Sebastian Bach

    One of the most skilled musicians of the Baroque. Wrote a TON of music in all genres except opera. Organ virtuoso, served different courts/moved due to mental health, cared for his large, convoluted family. BWV = Bach Werke Verzeichnis.
  • Period: to

    George Frideric Handel

    Virtuoso organist. Understood Baroque musical style AND newer Galant style (Italian singing style). Extraordinarily trained in counterpoint, could improvise fugues at the keyboard like Bach.
  • Dido de Aeneas

    Opera written by Henry Purcell.
  • Period: to

    Late Baroque

  • Water Music

    Performed for a royal party on the Thame's river in London. Basso continuo was not used for the first performance. (7/17/1717)
  • Esther

  • Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F Major BWV 1047

    3 movements:
    - Allegro, Andante, Allegro assai
    Tutti (Ripieno)
  • St. John Passion BWV 245

    Composed during Bach's first year in Leipzig.
  • Le Quattro stagioni

    "The Four Seasons." Cycle of four violin concertos, word painting in instrumental music. Each concerto is accompanied by a poem he wrote. (supposedly)
  • Suite de symphonies

    Written for trumpets, violins, oboes, timpani, basses, bassoons, and organ. Rondeau form. ABACA, A = ritornello.
  • English Oratorio

    Lavish scenery - used Italian singers performing in English. Public was pleased by the new genre. Presented during Lent, in which operas were forbidden.
  • Cantata No. 140 (BWV 140)

    Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme (Awake, A Voice Calls us) - based on parable of 10 virgins. Basso continuo, French horn, 2 oboes, taille (English horn in modern times), violino piccolo, violin, and viola. First movement is ritornello form.
  • Tafelmusik

    Telemann's collection.
  • Messiah

    English oratorio, 52 separate numbers. Composed in 3 weeks.