The Baroque (1600 - 1730s)

  • Girolamo Frescobaldi (1583 - 1643)

    Girolamo Frescobaldi (1583 - 1643)
    Girolamo Frescobaldi was a major composer at the time known whose keyboard works were among the most important of his time. He heavily influenced the German Baroque school through the work of his pupil J.J.
  • The oboe is invented

    The oboe is invented
    Around the 1600s, the first instance of the modern day oboe is invented.
  • Period: to

    Early Baroque

  • Sakoku

    Japan closes its doors from the outside world banning people from going in and out of the country. This kicks off more than two centuries of isolation.
  • Teatro de San Cassiano

    Teatro de San Cassiano
    The first public opera theater opens up in Venice, Italy.
  • King Louis XIV of France takes up the throne

    King Louis XIV of France takes up the throne
    Louise XIV also known as the "Sun God" inherits the throne at age 4 which begins his long 72 year reign over France.
  • Period: to

    Middle Baroque

  • Arcangelo Corelli (1653 - 1713)

    Arcangelo Corelli (1653 - 1713)
    An Italian composer and violinist whose music was important for the development of the modern day sonata and concerto. It was also one of the first instances in which modern tonality and functional harmony.
  • Period: to

    Alessandro Scalatti

    He was among the most important Italian composers during the Baroque era. Credited with creating the Neapolitan school of Opera in the 18th century. This improved the state of music in Naples into a more sophisticated one.
  • Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre (1665 - 1729)

    Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet de la Guerre (1665 - 1729)
    She was a French composer, harpsichordist, and organist who was the first woman to compose an opera in France. The opera was titled "Cephale et Procris".
  • Francis Couperin (1668 - 1733)

    Francis Couperin (1668 - 1733)
    He was a French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist. Known as "Couperin the Great", he had a collection of more than 220 harpsichord works from four books.
  • Antonio Vivaldi (1678 - 1741)

    Antonio Vivaldi (1678 - 1741)
    He is consider one of the greatest in regards to the Baroque concerto. He was taught at an early age how to play the violin. One of his most famous works is "The Four Seasons". He was Master of Violin at Pio Ospedale della Pietà which was an orphanage that he worked and composed for.
  • Georg Philip Telemann (1681 - 1767)

    Georg Philip Telemann (1681 - 1767)
    He was a German composer during the Baroque period. He was credited with bringing the French style of music to Germany. Wrote secular and sacred works, but was praised most for his church works.
  • Domenico Scarlatti (1685 - 1757)

    Domenico Scarlatti (1685 - 1757)
    Son of another great composer, Alessandro Scarlatti. He is known for composing 555 keyboard sonatas which expanded the technical and musical possibilities of the harpsichord.
  • J.S. Bach (1685 - 1750)

    J.S. Bach (1685 - 1750)
    Johann Sebastian Bach is known as one of the most influential composers of all time. He wrote for all respectable genres of the time with the exception of opera.
  • G.F. Handel (1685 - 1759)

    G.F. Handel (1685 - 1759)
    A German-British composer known for his operas, oratorios, and instrumental compositions. His most renowned work is the oratorio Messiah (1741) which is the most performed choral piece in all of human history.
  • Period: to

    Late Baroque

  • Piano

    The piano is invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori.