The American Revolution

By BrianR
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    The American Revolution

  • Peace of Paris

    Peace of Paris
    The Peace of Paris is signed, ending the French and Indian War, or 7 Years War.
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    To prevent further conflict with the French and Indians, the British government forbade settlement beyond the Appalachian Mountains.
  • The American Revenue ("sugar") Act

    The American Revenue ("sugar") Act
    The Sugar Act reduced the rate of tax on molasses from six to three pence per gallon, while Grenville took measures that the duty be strictly enforced. The act also listed more foreign goods to be taxed including sugar, certain wines, coffee, pimiento, cambric and printed calico, and further, regulated the export of lumber and iron. The enforced tax on molasses caused the almost immediate decline in the rum industry in the colonies.
  • Currency Act

    Currency Act
    Banned the use of paper money as legal tender in all colonies. It prohibited the issue of any new bills and the reissue of existing currency. Parliament favored a "hard currency" system based on the pound sterling, but was not inclined to regulate the colonial bills. Rather, they simply abolished them. The colonies protested vehemently. They suffered a trade deficit with Great Britain and argued that the
    shortage of hard capital would further exacerbate the situation.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The stamp act was the first direct tax on the American colonists. Every pamphlet, newspaper, public and legal documents, dice and playing cards had to get a British seal or a stamp. Colonists responded with a diplomatic body called the Stamp Act Congress. Delegates met in New York on Oct. 19, 1765 to draw up a declaration of rights and liberties. Delegates from 9 colonies.
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    Each colonial assembly was directed to provide for the basic needs of soldiers stationed within its borders. Specified items included bedding, cooking utensils, firewood, beer or cider and candles. This law was expanded in 1766 and required the assemblies to billet soldiers in taverns and unoccupied houses.
  • Stamp Act Repealed

    Stamp Act Repealed
    British government repeals the Stamp Act on March 17, 1766. But passes the Declaratory Act, which states Parliament's authority is the same in America as in Britain, and asserts Parliament's authority to make binding laws on the American colonies.
  • Townshend Acts

    Places a tax on painter's lead, paper, glass, and tea; colonial official's salaries would be paid from the Crown. In 1770 all duties except on tea were repealed.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    A gang of men began pelting some off-duty soldiers with snowballs and rocks. British troops were called to the scene. In the confusion, one soldier fell, and his musket misfired. The accidental shot gave way to a ragged volley -- the soldiers ended up killing 5 Americans and wounding 7 others.
  • Early Militia Battle

    British defeat an American militia in Alamance, NC.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Colonists objected to Parliament giving the East India Company a monopoly on the tea trade to the colonies, fearing that American importers would be put out of business. Bostonians (the Sons of Liberty), disguised as Mohawk Indians, boarded ships loaded with tea and dumped 23,000 pounds of it overboard.
  • Coercive (Intolerable) Acts

    Coercive (Intolerable) Acts
    Closed Boston's port until such time as the East India tea company received compensation for the tea dumped into the harbor. The Royal governor took control over the Massachusetts government and would appoint all officials. Sheriffs would become royal appointees, as would juries. In addition, the British took the right to quarter soldiers anywhere in the colonies. uniting the colonies to take action against the Crown. The Acts united the colonies, resulting in the Continental Congress.
  • 1st Continental Congress

    1st Continental Congress
    First Continental Congress held in Philadelphia the Oct. 26. It called for civil disobedience against the British.
  • The Ride

    The Ride
    Paul Revere and William Dawes ride to alert patriots that the British were on their way to Concord to destroy arms.
  • Revolution Begins

    Revolution Begins
    The American Revolution begins at Lexington and Concord, Mass. Americans commanded by Parker and others; British commanded by Smith.
  • Fort Ticonderoga

    Fort Ticonderoga
    Col. Ethan Allen (joined by Col. Benedict Arnold) capture Fort Ticonderoga, NY.
  • Washington Named Commander

    Washington Named Commander
    Continental Congress names George Washington commander in chief.
  • Bunker Hill

    Bunker Hill
    The patriots were driven from their positions over-looking Boston. Americans commanded by Prescott; British by Howe.
  • Quebec

    Quebec
    Americans fail to seize the city of Quebec. Americans led by Arnold and Montgomery; British by Carleton.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Drafted by Thomas Jefferson between June 11 and 28, the Declaration of Independence is adopted by the 2nd Continental Congress. The committee to write the declaration included Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Robert R. Livingston, and Roger Sherman.
  • Long Island

    Long Island
    Washington lost Battle of Long Island; evacuated New York.
  • Trenton

    Trenton
    Washington's Army crosses the Delaware River, capturing 1,000 Hessians in a surprise assault at Trenton, N.J. Americans commanded by Washington; the Hessians by Rall.
  • Princeton

    Princeton
    Washington defeats Lord Cornwallis at Princeton. The British withdrew from western New Jersey.
  • Fort Ticonderoga

    Fort Ticonderoga
    Maj.Gen. John Burgoyne's forces of 8,000 from Canada capture Fort Ticonderoga, N.Y.
  • Bennington

    Bennington
    In New York near Bennington, VT. British defeat encouraged the patriots in their campaign against Burgoyne. Americans commanded by Stark; British by Baum and Breymann.
  • Brandywine

    Brandywine
    An American retreat enabled the British to occupy Philadephia. Americans commanded by Washington; British by Howe.
  • Freeman's Farm (1st)

    Freeman's Farm (1st)
    The British advance from Canada was halted. Battle took place in New York. The British were left on the field but suffered significantly higher casualties than the Americans, which they could ill afford. This was a battle Burgoyne had to win. He did not, due to the inspired generalship of the Arnold.
  • Germantown

    Germantown
    An American attack turned into a loss and a retreat in Pennsylvania. Americans commanded by Washington; British by Howe. It is said that Germantown was a profound influence in convincing the French that the American cause was worth supporting. The French were impressed by the ability of the Americans to raise their army and deliver an attack on the British. Here, the British failed to exploit their success by pursuing and destroying the defeated American forces.
  • Freeman's Farm (2nd)

    Freeman's Farm (2nd)
    The patriots turned back a second attack in New York.
  • Saratoga

    Saratoga
    Major American victory at Saratoga, N.Y. Burgoyne surrenders 5,000 men.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    The Articles of Confederation are adopted by the Continental Congress. They take effect March 1, 1781.
  • French Enter War

    French Enter War
    The French enter the war against the British.
  • Monmouth

    Monmouth
    Major battle at Monmouth, N.J., this patriot attack ends in a draw.
    Commanded by Washington and Cornwallis.
  • Savannah

    Savannah
    British forces take Savannah.
  • Vincennes

    Vincennes
    Lt. Col. George Rogers Clark recaptures Vincennes, IN with a much smaller force.
  • Stony Point

    Stony Point
    A genius three-pronged attack by American forces allowed a victory over the British at Stony Point, NY. The storming of Stony Point should be remembered as the beginning of the end of the American Revolution. It proved to be the last major action in the North.
  • The War at Sea

    The War at Sea
    John Paul Jones commanding the Bonhomme Richard defeats the British ship Serapis off the English coast.
  • Charleston, S.C.

    Charleston, S.C.
    British forces take Charleston, S.C., after a long siege.
  • Camden, S.C.

    Camden, S.C.
    The British crushed American forces at Camden, S.C. Americans commanded by Gates; British by Cornwallis.
  • Traitor

    Traitor
    Benedict Arnold is found to be a traitor. He escapes and is made a brigadier general in the British army.
  • Kings Mountain

    Kings Mountain
    The British advance into North Carolina was delayed. American commanded by Campbell; British by Ferguson.
  • Hannah's Cowpens, S.C.

    Hannah's Cowpens, S.C.
    American defeat British at the battle of Hannah's Cowpens, S.C. This patriot victory encouraged Southern militiamen to come out and fight. Americans commanded by Morgan; British by Tarleton.
  • Guildford Courthouse

    Guildford Courthouse
    The British decided to give up most of North Carolina. Americans commanded by Greene; British by Cornwallis.
  • Yorktown

    Yorktown
    Washington captures Cornwallis' British Army at Yorktown, VA. The British surrened in the war's last major battle, which began Oct. 6.
  • U.S. Recognized

    U.S. Recognized
    The new British cabinet agrees to recognize U.S. independence. This a preliminary agreement signed in Paris.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Europe's Treaty of Paris, negotiated by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay, formally ends the American Revolution