Abolitionist John Brown played a major role in the lead to the Civil War. Brown was a strong supporter in committing violence against the South to end slavery, an on October 17, 1859, Brown brought along 19 other followers armed with weapons, led a raid on the federal armory located at Harper's Ferry, Virginia. The plan was to capture the armory there and pass them along to local slaves. A force of U.S. Marines took down the raid, and Brown was capture, convicted and hanged. (Varon 326-34).