The Age of Progression

  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    Encouraged Native Americans to abandon reservation life and become private landowners. This act would be progressive because it would allow people of different cultures to influence the rural lands surrounding urban industries with their forms of new crops and products which could be used for trade. Also, it makes the US more diverse and can blend people of different cultures into one.
  • Jane Addams

    Jane Addams
    Jane Addams was the founder of Settlement houses which were community centers in poor neighborhoods that provided food, shelter, and other services. These settlement houses provided jobs for women, and the chance for them to have a career. It also was progressive because it helped people who were less fortunate have a chance to better their lives, get an education, and create a stronger community. Over all the settlement houses helped improve conditions in the industrial districts of Chicago.
  • H.G. Wells

    H.G. Wells
    British writer who noticed that local politicians were the only champions of the urban poor, or the new immigrants. He wrote about this and drew attention to the topic. This acknowledgement was progressive because it brought attention to citizens about the support the less fortunate have from sme politicians, and urges them to join in the support. This new found support for the poor, and immigrants will lead to a more diverse community and a less discriminatory country.
  • Eugene Debs

    Eugene Debs
    Head of the ARU, Debs supported strikers against Pullman. Pullman was the owner of a factory who cut wages but wouldn't lower rent or other prices. Eventually Debs was jailed and the ARU destroyed, but the call of attention by Debs to the issue of wage cuts contributes to progressivism because it is bringing attention to the fact that workers deserve better wages and lower prices of goods in order for them to live well off.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    Byran had a strong support for free silver, where people wanted to use the free coinage of silver instead of gold. Silver was cheaper so this change in money would benefit those with less money, such as farmers and miners. This push for a change would lead to porgress because it would make acctual money itself less expensive, leading to higher profit for farmers and buisnesses, and a better economy.
  • Robert La Follette

    Robert La Follette
    La Follette was the progressive movements more energetic leader. He came up with the Wisconsin idea which provided a model for other states to reform local and state government, and regulate big buisnesses. He increased taxes on public utitities which is proven to be progressive because it created commisions which regulated companies which were in the public interest.
  • Ida Tarbell

    Ida Tarbell
    Attacked Standard Oil buisnesses through her harsh reports. Reports were strong enough to cause outragein her supporters who took a stand against them and their doings of taking over independent oil companies. She contributed to porgressivism because she helped expose the corruption in buisness, making the economy a more fair and productive environment.
  • Teddy Roosevelt

    Teddy Roosevelt
    Teddy Roosevelt had a great role in progressivism. He influenced many acts inorder to overall reform governemnt, and regulate big buisness. He fought corruption, and regulated railroads and other industries. This all led to the progresive era because it made the US a more stable country with a well deserved government, and a strong economy which could maintain competition due to the break down of big buisnesses.
  • New York State Tenement House Bill

    New York State Tenement House Bill
    Veiller got a bill passed which banned construction of dark and airless tenements, and had a certain requirement for number of bathrooms/bedrooms each place had to have. This was progressive because it gave people living in poverty a chance to live a nicer and safer home life, without paying the extra money for a healthy and safe home.
  • Buisness Reform

    Buisness Reform
    Starting in 1902, Teddy Roosevelt reformed buisess by breaking up illegal trusts and regulating railroads. He also regulated food and drug industries in order to fight corruption in buisnesses. By regulating these things he was able to dissolve any monoplies, which in result leadds to economic progress. It is progressive because eliminating monoplies maintains economic competition, as well as avoids giving too much power to one company. With this progress the economy is sure to become stronger.
  • Direct Primary

    Direct Primary
    Direct Primary was a nominating election in which voters choose the candidates who will later run in general election. This was supported by progressives because it gives the citizens the right to have a voice in their governement. Due to this they now have a say in who they want to represent them, and can approve of those who will be their leaders.
  • Public Service Reform; The Square Deal

    Public Service Reform; The Square Deal
    Public service reform was greatly impacted by the square deal, created by Teddy Roosevelt. The deal helped Roosevelt limit power of trusts, promote public health and safety, and improve working conditions. These new limits were progressive because it made the daily lives of the public more barable and safe. By keeping work conditions good, and public health a priority, the public is more happy which creates an over all more productive community.
  • Corrupt Practices Reform

    Corrupt Practices Reform
    During this time political machines demanded bribes from anyone who wanted to do buisness with the city. But with this reform, America began to make progress by removing corruption, so those who were intellectually fit for the job would be the ones recieving it. With this new way of hiring, the amount of money you had didn't determine your future and hope for success, and instead your success demended on your ability to properly perform your duties.
  • Upton Sinclair

    Upton Sinclair
    Published The jungle, showing the consequences of capitalist greed. Influenced Americans to demand federal laws which prohibited unhealthiful conditions in food processing industries. This influence leads to progressivism because it caused a new concern for health, which led to laws which protected citizens and workers health in their workplaces, which in result may have saved the lives of many.
  • New Nationalism

    New Nationalism
    New Nationalism was a bold program of social legislation which called for tough laws to protect workers, ensure public health, and regulate buisness. This was established by Roosevelt, and was progressive because it was a program used to better the lives of US citizens. It was a way to keep workers safe, and productive at the same time, which makes the US economy more productive.
  • Minimum Wage Law

    Minimum Wage Law
    Massachusetts Passed the first minimum wage law. This is progressive because it forces companies to pay all workers a certain amount, and doesn't allow them to take advantage of workers when it comes to money. It also can help prevent strikes against factories during times of wage cuts.
  • Child Labor Laws

    Child Labor Laws
    NCLC helped 39 states pass child labor laws which limited children to working 8 to 10 hours perday, not allowing them to work in night shifts, and keeping them working only in safe environments. This is progressive because it ensures that children will be treated well and stay healthy through their working day, and these laws help keep the younger generation safe from dangerous equipment.
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    16th amendment passed authorizing an individual income tax. This amendment relates to progressivism because now people who make more money each year are the ones paying more money for taxes, resulting in the lower class people not spending all their money on taxes, yet the government is still recieving money from it's citizens to use towards the community.
  • 17th Amendment Passed

    17th Amendment Passed
    17th amendement passed which provided for the direct election of United States Senators. This is progressive because now the citizens have a complete say in a great part of their government, and will feel as if they have a voice. Because people wil;l begin feeling this way, revolts and strikes can be avoided due to the new found fairness in the government.
  • Woodrow Wilson

    Woodrow Wilson
    Woodrow Wilson was inaugerated as president in 1913. Since then he was a great influence during the progressive era, creating laws such as the Federal farm loan act which provided low interest loans to farmers. Theis Act contributed to progressivism because it gave farmers who were in debt a chance to rebuild their farms to be more productive, and will be able to export more goods which the U.S. can use for trading. The trading and exportation of produce from farming the economy improve.
  • Underwood Tariff Act

    Underwood Tariff Act
    The Underwood Tariff Act, which reduced tariffs to their lowest levels in 50 years. They did this by taxing people with a higher income at a higher rate than people with a low income. This Act contributed to the progressive era because it made it easier for people with a low income to save their money and be financially stable on their own, which results in a more stable community and a stronger economy.
  • Clayton Antitrust Act

    Clayton Antitrust Act
    This act clearly stated that companies couldnt sell goods below cost in order to drive other companies out of buisness. This act is progressive because it kept competiton within the economy alive, and didn't allow one single company to take full control of the industry, which would result in higher prices of their goods.
  • Social Justice Reform; NAACP

    Social Justice Reform; NAACP
    The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) was an organization which fought for rights of black citizens. in 1915 they won their first case, Guinn v. United States, which helped outlaw the sufferage requirements which were designed to keep blacks from voting. This event relates to pregressivism because it was the start of pregress to end racial discrimination, and create equal rights between races.
  • Labor Reform; Keating-Owen Child Labor Act

    Labor Reform; Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
    The Keating-Owen Child Labor act outlawed the interstate sale of products prodced by child labor. At first this law seems to be non-progressive considering usually the outlaw of any sales can weaken an economy. However, taking such a strong stand against child labor helped progress the labor reform by forcing companies to rethink their working conditions and hours for children. The changes they will be forced to make will result in a healthier generation that is still productive.
  • The Adamson Act

    The Adamson Act
    The Adamson Act reduced the workday for railroad workers from 10 hours to 8. This law also ensured that this cut in hours would not lower their pay. This act helped America be more progressive by satisfying reformers and workmen, as well as helped avoid railroad strikes that might have occured due to the work hours issue. Also, giving less hours to workmen helps keep up their energy so during the work day they can be more efficient.
  • 18th Amendment Passed

    18th Amendment Passed
    The 18th amendment was passed which banned the manufacture, sale, and importation of alcoholic beverages. This contributes to progressivism because it impacts social reform. By banning alcohol, some roudy behavior can be avoided in society due to the lack of citizens who are under the influence.
  • 18th Amendment Ratified

    18th Amendment Ratified
    Congress ratified 18th amendment due to being too difficult to enforce. This helped progressivism because although this amendment would control some behavior, it helps the economy because now alcohol and be sold which will give more people jobs and increase products we can use in trade with other countries.
  • 19th Amendment Passed

    19th Amendment Passed
    19th amendment passed which granted women full voting rights. This is a huge progression in US history. Giving women a right to vote puts a new voice and perspective into government. It also is showing a growth in equality between gender which results in more citizens who are happy with their rights.
  • Charles Evans Hughes

    Charles Evans Hughes
    Came up with the Five power agreement, which was the arrangement between US, France, England, Italy, and Japan to set limits on each nations naval strengths. With this plan Hughes sank more ships in 35 minutes than any admiral had sunk in centuries. This was progressive because it helped make progress in the US military/ naval forces.
  • Hiram Johnson

    Hiram Johnson
    Gave the idea to separate the US from too many foreign affairs which led to isolationism and unilateralism. This contributed to Progressivism because it forced the US to break off from their foreign allies, and become more independent, which had to lead to a increase in trade within the US, and apart from other Countries.