The 1st 2 Decades of the USSR

  • The formation of the USSR

    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) is officially established in 1922, bringing together the Russian SFSR, the Transcaucasian SFSR, the Ukrainian SSR, and the Byelorussian SSR.
  • Death of Lenin—> Rise of Stalin

    Vladimir Lenin, the founder of the Bolshevik Party and leader of the Russian Revolution, dies. Joseph Stalin emerges as a prominent figure and begins consolidating power within the Communist Party.
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    First Five-Year Plan

    The Soviet Union launches its first Five-Year Plan, aimed at rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture. This plan focuses on the expansion of heavy industry.
  • Famine in Ukraine

    A severe famine(Holodomor), strikes Ukraine, caused by forced collectivization and Soviet policies. It leads to widespread starvation and millions of deaths.
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    The Great Purge

    Under Stalin’s leadership, the Great Purge takes place. It affects the Communist Party, military officers, intellectuals and the ordinary citizens as well, resulting in mass repression and fear.
  • German Invasion of the USSR

    Nazi Germany, led by Adolf Hitler, launches Operation Barbadossa, invading the Soviet Union. This marks the beggining of the Eastern Front in the WWII.
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    Soviet contribution to the WWII

    The SU plays an important role in the Allied victory. the Red Army engages in major battles which pushes the German forces back towards Berlin.
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    Siege of Leningrad

    The city of Leningrad is subjected to a brutal siege by German forces, lasting almost 900 days.