Japanese army invades Manchuria intending to take over the whole provence. One of the causes of WW1.
General secretary/president of the Communist Part of the Soviet Union who tried to democratize and decentrailize the economy,
Won the Nobel Peace Prize.
Germany Invades Poland
Beginning of WW2.
Adolf Hitler invades Poland on land and from the air to try and regain lost territory.
Battle of Britain
First all-air battle in history between Britain and German forces. Got its name from Winston Churchill. Britain had the upper hand with more advanced tech and more skilled pilots.
Germany, Italy, and Japan become allies known as the axis Powers by signing this pact. Thye agree to provide mutual assistance to each other.
Act signed by President FDR as a means for the US to provide military aid to foreign countries during WW1.
German Blitzkrieg on Soviet Union
"Lightning War"-series of short campaigns to avoid log wars.
Failed German attack tactic against Russia.
Germany takes Leningrad
Three year seige by Germany of one of the intial targets of Operation Barbossa.
632,000 killed and 4.000 starving on Christmas day 1941
Bombing of Peral Harbor
Japanese air force attacks MAerican naval base near Honolulu, Hawaii. Catalyst for America joining the war.
200 airplanes, 20 naval ships destroyed
2,000+ soldiers killed, another 1,000 wounded
Gathering of high-ranking Nazis and German government officials to decide the "Final Solution" to the Jewixh Problem they faced.
Battle of Midway
Equalizing naval fight in Japan's Pacific Ocean War between Japan and the US over a United State's pacific base.
Allies invasion that liberated Western Europe form Nazi Germany's control.
Codename: Operation Overlord
Meeting between leaders of Britain, the US, and Soviet Russia to demand total surrender of Germany and start plans for the post-war economy.
Japanese islands targeted by the US during WW2- caoture was crucial to an invasion and Iwo JIma was attacked first.
Hitler takes a cyanide pill and shoots himself in the head shortly before Germay surrenders and his 1,000- year Reich dream ends.
Victory in Europe Day. Officially announced the end of WW2 in Europe when German general signed an unconditional surrender document.
Leaders of Britain, United States, and the Soviet Union meet in Potsdam, Germany to negoiate terms of WW2.
Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
America ends WW2 by dropping atomic bombs on Japan and causing the Japanese to surrender.
Nagasaki- killed about 40,000 people.
Hiroshima- killed 80,000 and wiped out 90% opf the city.
Victory Over Japan Day. Day when Japan surrendered and ended WW2.
Formation of the U.N.
Internation ogranization of 26 government representatives dedicated to world peace.
Doctrine by Presdient Truman establishing that the US would provide political, military, and economic assistance to all threatened democratic nations.
Congressed passed a bill to fund money to rebuild war-ravaged Europe.
Raised $12 billion.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an intergovernmental political and military alliance.
Mao Zedong &People’s Republic of China
Zedong declared the creation of the People's Republic of China which ended the civil war between the Chinese Communist Party and the Nationalist Party and set off a governmental upheaval.
First act of the Cold War when Soviet-backed North Korea came over the 38th parallel into US-backed South Korea.
5 million soldiers and civilians killed.
War between communist North Vietnam with their allies against South Vietnam and their ally the, United States.
Two years later Vietnam was unfied under communist control and over 3 million people were killed.
Treaty signed by the Soviet Union that focused on creating a coordinated defense organization to deter any future attacks.
First artificial Earth satellite launched by the Soviet Union into a low orbit.
Stalin's Death; Khrushchev
Stalin died March 5, 1953 and Khrushchev took over as the leader of the Soviet Union. Khrushchev iniated de-stalinization in Russia to make it less repressive and instigated the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Bay of Pigs
CIA trained American force sent by Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy into to Cuba to topple the communist government and Fidel Castro. (failed)
Barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic to separate West Berlin form East Berlin and surrounding Germany.
Cuban Missile Crisis
Stand off between Russia and the US when Russia placed nuclear missiles in Cuba only 90 miles from Florida.
Soviet Union Falls
Eleven representatives from Soviet republics announce they won't be part of the Soviet Union anymore.