The 1970's Nikita B.

Timeline created by nbhu404
In History
  • Palestinian Group Hijacks Five Planes

    The first hijacked plane, TWA Flight 74, lands with its 145 passengers and ten crewmembers at 6:45pm in Jordan, followed ten minutes later by the Swissair
  • US Soldiers found guilty of murder in My Lei Massacre

    William Laws Calley[1] (born June 8, 1943) is a convicted American war criminal and a former U.S. Army officer found guilty of murder for his role in the My Lai Massacre on March 16, 1968, during the Vietnam War.[2]
  • Apollo 13 Mission

    : Apollo 13 was intended to be the third mission to carry humans to the surface of the Moon, but an explosion of one of the oxygen tanks and resulting damage to other systems resulted in the mission being aborted before the planned lunar landing could take place. Apollo 13 was launched on a Saturn V on 11 April 1970 from pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center. During second stage boost the center engine of the S-II stage cut off 132 seconds early, causing the remaining four engines to burn 34 seconds
  • First Earth Day

    Responding to widespread environmental degradation, Gaylord Nelson, a United States Senator from Wisconsin, called for an environmental teach-in, or Earth Day, to be held on April 22, 1970. Over 20 million people participated that year, and Earth Day is now observed on April 22 each year by more than 500 million people and several national governments in 175 countries. Nelson had conceived the idea for Earth Day following a trip he took to Santa Barbara right after the horrific oil spill off the
  • Computer Floppy Disks introduced

    The first “floppy disk” was introduced in 1970 to technology. It came about when the IBM gave their storage development center a task to develop something that was inexpensive, reliable, and had good capacity to load microcode(Microcode is a layer of hardware-level instructions and/or data structures involved in the implementation of higher level machine code instructions in many computers and other processors) into their computer systems. The floppy disk was the IBM’s first computer system th
  • World Trade Center is completed

    As many people are aware, over 2 thousand people lost their lives total. This event has traumatized many citizens living in the United States, and has also taught an important lesson to the others. After the attack, the United States have taken much more safety precautions compared to what security measures were in place at the time. With the fear set upon the citizens of the United States, many have lessened going out to travel, dining and many more outdoor related activities. Despite this,
  • Kent State Massacre

    also known as the May 4 massacre or Kent State massacre[2][3][4]—occurred at Kent State University in the city of Kent, Ohio, and involved the shooting of unarmed college students by members of the Ohio National Guard on Monday, May 4, 1970. The guardsmen fired 67 rounds over a period of 13 seconds, killing four students and wounding nine others, one of whom suffered permanent paralysis.[5]
  • UK Barcodes

    THE first UK barcode was printed on a box of Melrose 100 Century teabags in 1978. The first UK store to have barcode scanners at the till was Key Markets in Spalding, Lincs, the following year. In 1948 Bernard Silver, a graduate student at Drexel Institute of Technology in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA overheard the president of the local food chain, Food Fair, asking one of the deans to research a system to automatically read product information during checkout.[4] Silver told his friend Norm
  • 18 year old get the right to vote.

    The Twenty-sixth Amendment was proposed by Congress on March 23, 1971, upon passage by the House of Representatives, the Senate having previously passed an identical resolution on March 10, 1971.
  • Aswan High Dam Completed

    during 1960 and 1970, the Aswan High Dam was being constructed to increase economic production by modifying river flooding and to provide storage of water for the use of agriculture and to later generate hydroelectricity. It is located in Aswan, Egypt whose reservoir is Lake Nasser. Before the dam was created, the Nile River was flooding during the late summer and water flowed down into the valley from the East African drainage basin. The water did fertilize the soil and brought high nutrients
  • EPA is created

    The Environmental Protection Agency was a federal agency that protected people from the harms of the water, air, and land. Before the EPA was created, raw sewage and wastes were contaminating the waters. Someone needed to do something about the weakening conditions of air, land and water. EPA has a yearly budget of 10.486 billion dollars and employs 17,000 humans.
  • EPA Created

    The Environmental Protection Agency was a federal agency that protected people from the harms of the water, air, and land. Before the EPA was created, raw sewage and wastes were contaminating the waters. Someone needed to do something about the weakening conditions of air, land and water. EPA has a yearly budget of 10.486 billion dollars and employs 17,000 humans. Almost half of its staff is engineers, scientists, and environmental protection specialists.
  • The Beatles Break Up

    The Universally well known “Beatles” publically announced their breakup on December 31, 1970, it created much shock and upset to all of the fans. Up till then, the Beatles have accomplished to set a record to be the best selling musical group of all time, most platinum selling artists, most number one selling albums and several other accomplishments that no other band, artist or musicians has able to defeat to this day. It was all caused by when first Brian Epstein passed away, who was the Engl
  • : Cigarette Ads Banded from TV

    In 1967, the Fairness Doctrine required that all TV stations broadcast 1 anti-smoking public service announcement (PSA) for every 3 cigarette ads that aired. These PSA's were very effective in the war against smoking.
    In 1969, Congress proposed a ban on all cigarette advertising on TV and radio. As expected, the tobacco companies were initially against it.
  • Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Ed

    Supreme Court, busing to create equal equality is legal.
  • • London Bridge Brought to the U.S.

    The London Bridge which was built in 1820 was dismantled stone by stone and reassembled at Lake Havasu City in Arizona in 1973. The bridge was replaced because it could no longer cope with modern traffic conditions. London Bridge is a bridge in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, United States, that is based on the 1831 London Bridge that spanned the River Thames in London, England until it was dismantled in 1967. The Arizona bridge is a reinforced concrete structure clad in the original masonry of the 1
  • • The microprocessor is introduced

    A microprocessor is an integrated circuit which contains the entire central processing unit of a computer on a ship chip. Microprocessors are small and cheap enough that they've found their way into thousands of products, not just personal computers. While 32-bit processors are commonly found in desktop computers, the 4-bit is still the most widely used -- found in washing machines, televisions, microwave ovens, and so on.
  • VCRs Introduced

    The first VCR was created by Sony in 1971. This was the first ever video cassette recorder and play back machine
  • South Vietnam and US invade Laos

    On April 30 President Richard Nixon announced to a national television audience that US troops were invading Cambodia, the country west of Vietnam through which the North Vietnamese military was supplying their troops in the South. In fact, the US had been conducting bombing raids in Cambodia for over a year. The image of the President's hand resting over an abstract map of Cambodia circulated widely. It appeared not only in the New York Times but on the cover of Time.
  • • Amtrak created

    The Amtrak was created in May, 1 1971. The Amtrak was created to provide intercity passenger train. The headquarters of the Amtrak is Union Station in Washington, D.C. The Amtrak runs on 21,000 miles of track, connected to 500 destinations in 46 states and three Canadian provinces. It also served 28.7 million passengers daily.
  • The Pentagon Papers Released

    it showed the American people that they should blindly trust the government and not just take their word for it. Despite an attempt to conceal the evidence researched by the government, the 47 volume study was given to the New York Times and The Washington Post who printed excerpts from the study. It revealed the Eisenhower had been warned against involvment by his generals, Kennedy had approved the overthrow of the Sout Vietnam president, and Johnson's covert operations had sparked the Tonkin G
  • China joins the UN

    China was in isolation and so it was a big deal that China came out of the cocoon and joined the party.
  • First benefit concert organized for Bangladesh by George Harrison: The Concert For Bangladesh

    was the event title for two benefit concerts organized by George Harrison and Ravi Shankar, held at noon and at 7:00 p.m. on August 1, 1971, playing to a total of 40,000 people at Madison Square Garden in New York City. Organized for the relief of refugees from East Pakistan (now independent Bangladesh) after the 1970 Bhola cyclone and during the 1971 Bangladesh atrocities and Bangladesh Liberation War, the event was the first benefit concert of this magnitude in world history.
  • Long Distant Calling

    or direct dial is a telecommunications term for a network-provided service feature in which a call originator may, without operator assistance, call any other user outside the local calling area. DDD requires more digits in the number dialed than are required for calling within the local area or area code. DDD also extends beyond the boundaries of national public telephone network, in which case it is called International Direct Dialling or International Direct Distance Dialing (IDDD).
  • End of Gold Standard for US Currency

    If gold goes up then the value goes up. Fort Knox is where they keep the gold. Richard Nixon took the US out of the gold standard. Fiat Money- has value because the government. The government backs up the value of the money not the gold.
  • Attica State prison riots

    protesting conditions
  • • Disney World Opens

    Friday October 1, 1971 - after seven years of planning - about 10,000 visitors converged near Orlando, Florida, to witness the grand opening of Walt Disney World. The Magic Kingdom (the only theme park at the time on Disney property) featured Adventureland, Fantasyland, Frontierland, Liberty Square, Tomorrowland, a Main Street USA, and about 5,500 Cast Members. The price of admission was $4.95. Now there are one Disney World, and one Disney Land.
  • D. B. Cooper

    refers the an unidentified man who hijacked a Boeing 727 aircraft in the airspace between Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington, USA on November 24, 1971. The suspect purchased his airline ticket under the alias Dan Cooper, but due to a press miscommunication, he became known in popular lore as "D.B. Cooper." “I want $200,000 in unmarked 20-dollar bills.
  • KKK riots

    The KKK rioted in Central Park and 3 people died in the riot/protest.
  • • Pocket Calculators Introduced

    The first American-made pocket-sized calculator, the Bowmar 901B (popularly referred to as The Bowmar Brain), measuring 5.2×3.0×1.5 in (131×77×37 mm), came out in the fall of 1971, with four functions and an eight-digit red LED display, for $240, while in August 1972 the four-function Sinclair Executive became the first slimline pocket calculator measuring 5.4×2.2×0.35 in (138×56×9 mm) and weighing 2.5 oz (70g). It retailed for around $150 (GB£79). By the end of the decade.
  • Nixon Visits China

    U.S. President Richard Nixon's 1972 visit to the People's Republic of China was an important step in formally normalizing relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China. It marked the first time a U.S. president had visited the PRC, who at that time considered the U.S. one of its staunchest foes. The visit has become a metaphor for an unexpected or uncharacteristic action by a politician.xon visits China
  • Pong game launched

    one of the earliest arcade video games, and is a tennis sports game featuring simple two-dimensional graphics. While other arcade video games such as Computer Space came before it, Pong was one of the first video games to reach mainstream popularity.
  • • Nixon visits Soviet Union

    ramatic announcements that he would visit Peking and Moscow in the first half of 1972. He ... announced progress in the negotiations with the Soviet Union on an arms limitation treaty. The visit to Peking took place in February and he was invited to meet Chairman Mao Zedong, a mark of high respect. In May, he visited Moscow and signed the agreement limiting the nuclear arsenals of the United States and the Soviet Union.
    Source:
    answers.com
  • Supreme Court rules against death penalty

    The first known execution in the territory now known as the United States of America was of Captain George Kendall, who was shot by a firing squad in Jamestown in December 1607 (other sources say sometime in 1608), accused of sowing discord and mutiny (some sources say he was also accused of spying against the British for Spain). The next known execution, allso in the Colony of Virginia, was of Daniel Frank, put to death in 1622 for the crime of theft. Since then the death penalty has almost alw
  • • George Wallace shot while campaigning

    A 1972 assassination attempt left him paralyzed; he used a wheelchair for the rest of his life. He is best known for his Southern populist,[3] pro-segregation attitudes during the American desegregation period, convictions he renounced later in life.[4]
  • • Watergate Scandal Begins

    was a political scandal during the 1970s in the United States resulting from the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. Effects of the scandal ultimately led to the resignation of the President of the United States, Richard Nixon, on August 9, 1974, the first and only resignation of any U.S. President. It also resulted in the indictment, trial, conviction and incarceration of several Nixon administration officials.
  • • Title IX signed into law by Nixon

    President Richard Nixon signed Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 1681 et seq.) into law on June 23, 1972
  • Mark Spitz Wins Seven Gold Medals

    Between 1968 and 1972, Spitz won nine Olympic golds plus a silver and a bronze, five Pan American golds, 31 US Amateur Athletic Union titles and eight US National Collegiate Athletic Association titles. During those years, he set 33 world records.[1][2] He was the most successful athlete at the 1972 Summer Olympics. He was named World Swimmer of the Year in 1969, 1971 and 1972.
  • Munich massacre

    is an informal name for events that occurred during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Bavaria in southern West Germany, when members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage and eventually murdered by the Islamic terrorist group Black September.[3][4][5][6][7] Members of Black September contended that Yasser Arafat’s Fatah organization secretly endorsed the operation.[citation needed] Fatah, however, disputed the accusation. Black September called the operation "Ikrit and Biram",[8] afte
  • • M*A*S*H T.V. Show Premiers

    The first episode of the extremely popular TV series MASH aired on CBS on September 17, 1972. The concept of the MASH storyline was thought up by Dr. Richard Hornberger. Under the pseudonym "Richard Hooker," Dr. Hornberger wrote the book MASH: A Novel About Three Army Doctors (1968) which was based on his own experiences as a surgeon in the Korean War.
  • • Supplemental Security Income (SSI) introduced

    s a United States government program that provides stipends to low-income people who are either aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled.[1] Although administered by the Social Security Administration,[2] SSI is funded from the U.S. Treasury general funds,[1] not the Social Security trust fund. SSI was created in 1974 to replace federal-state adult assistance programs that served the same purpose. The restructuring of these programs was intended to standardize the eligibility requirements and leve
  • • The Wars Act passed

    s a U.S. federal law intended to restrict the power of the President to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of Congress. The law was adopted in the form of a United States Congress joint resolution; this provides that the President can send U.S. armed forces into action abroad only by authorization of Congress or in case of "a national emergency created by attack upon the United States, its territories or possessions, or its armed forces."
  • HBO launched

    is an American premium cable television network, owned by Time Warner. As of December 2010, HBO's programming reaches 28.6 million subscribers in the United States, making it the second largest premium subscription channel in America (Encore's programming reaches 32.8 million subscribers as of April 2011). [1] In addition to its U.S. subscriber base, HBO also broadcasts in at least 151 countries worldwide.[2]
  • • Last man in the moon

    Thirty-seven years ago today, December 18, 1972, Eugene Cernan stepped into Apollo 17’s Challenger lunar module and became the last man to set foot on the moon. With Charlie Bolden, Lori Garver, and the Obama administration weighing the options for the future of America’s role in human spaceflight (unless Congress decides for them first) it may be at least a decade or more before humans tromp around the lunar regolith again.
  • Abortion

    Abortion in the United States has been legal in every state since the United States Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade, on January 22, 1973. Prior to "Roe", there were exceptions to the abortion ban in at least 10 states; "Roe" established that a woman has a right to self-determination (often referred to as a "right to privacy") covering the decision whether or not to carry a pregnancy to term, but that this right must be balanced against a state's interest in preserving fetal life
  • U.S. Pulls Out of Vietnam

    Ceasefire agreement in Paris, US troop pull-out completed by March.
  • Sears Tower

    Willis Tower (formerly named, and still commonly referred to as Sears Tower) is a 108-story, 1451-foot (442 m) skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. At the time of its completion in 1973, it was the tallest building in the world, surpassing the World Trade Center towers in New York, and it held this rank for nearly 25 years.
  • Barcodes come to US

    Bar code was first used commercially in 1966, however, it was soon realized that there would have to be some sort of industry standard set. By 1970, the Universal Grocery Products Identification Code or UGPIC was written by a company called Logicon Inc. The first company to produce bar code equipment for retail trade use (using UGPIC) was the American company Monarch Marking in 1970, and for industrial use, the British company Plessey Telecommunications was also first in 1970.
  • Paul Getty Gets Kidnapped

    His father moved back to England, and at 3am on 10 July 1973, Getty was kidnapped in the Piazza Farnese in Rome. A ransom note was received, demanding $17 million in exchange for his safe return. When that ransom message arrived, some family members suspected the kidnapping was merely a ploy by the rebellious youngster as he had frequently joked about staging his own kidnapping to extract money from his frugal grandfather.
  • OPEC doubles price of oil

    The 1973 oil crisis started in October 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries or the OAPEC (consisting of the Arab members of OPEC, plus Egypt, Syria and Tunisia) proclaimed an oil embargo. This was "in response to the U.S. decision to re-supply the Israeli military" during the Yom Kippur war. It lasted until March 1974.[1] With the U.S. actions seen as initiating the oil embargo and the long term possibility of high oil prices, disrupted supply and recessio
  • U.S. Vice President Resigns

    On October 10, 1973, Spiro Agnew became the second Vice President to resign the office. Unlike John C. Calhoun, who resigned to take a seat in the Senate, Agnew resigned and then pleaded no contest to criminal charges of tax evasion,[12] part of a negotiated resolution to a scheme wherein he was accused of accepting $29,500 in bribes[13] during his tenure as governor of Maryland. Agnew was fined $10,000 and put on three years' probation.[14] The $10,000 fine only covered the taxes and interest d
  • War Powers Act

    the War Powers Act established procedures for both branches to share in decisions that might get the United States involved in war. It was passed on November 7, 1973 over the veto of President Nixon. This Act seeks to define and limit the powers of the president to command the armed forces. The most important provision is that if the U.S. armed forces go into combat the president must get a resolution from congress authorizing the mission. If the resolution is not passed then the forces must be
  • Endangered Species Acts

    The Endangered Species Act of 1973The Endangered Species Act of 1973 is one of the dozens of United States environmental laws passed in the 1970s. Signed into law by President Richard Nixon on December 28, 1973, it was designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a "consequence of economic growth and development untendered by adequate concern and conservation."The Act is administered by two federal agencies, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the Nationa
  • National Speed Limit of 55

    In late November 1973, Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe recommended adoption of a 55 mph statewide limit. On December 4, the Texas Highway Commission, with a 3-0 vote, adopted this 55 mph speed limit, citing unsafe speed differentials between the flow of traffic and people driving too slowly to comply with President Nixon's and Governor Briscoe's requests for voluntary slowdowns. The legality of the measure was questioned, and two Texas legislators threatened to sue to block the limit. However, by D
  • Patty Hearst

    On February 4, 1974, the 19-year-old Hearst was kidnapped from the Berkeley, California apartment she shared with her fiancé Steven Weed by a left-wing urban guerrilla group called the Symbionese Liberation Army. When the attempt to swap Hearst for jailed SLA members failed, the SLA demanded that the captive's family distribute $70 worth of food to every needy Californian – an operation that would cost an estimated $400 million. In response, Hearst's father arranged the immediate donation of $6
  • Freedom of Informatin Act

    Following the Watergate scandal, President Gerald R. Ford wanted to sign Freedom of Information Act-strengthening amendments in the Privacy Act of 1974, but concern (by his chief of staff Donald Rumsfeld and deputy Richard Cheney) about leaks and legal arguments that the bill was unconstitutional (by government lawyer Antonin Scalia, among others) persuaded Ford to veto the bill, according to documents declassified in 2004.[7] However, Congress voted to override Ford's veto, giving the United St
  • Girls allowed to play in Little League Baseball

    So, in 1974, Little League Softball for girls was created, and the baseball rules and regulations were made non-gender specific. In 1974, nearly 30,000 girls signed up for the softball program. One in 57 Little Leaguers that year was a girl.
    The move came amid lively debates on women's rights. It was three years after President Nixon signed Title IX into law, giving women greater opportunities to receive scholarships and funding for college athletics. It also was three years after the Equal Rig
  • President Nixon Resigns

    In light of his loss of political support and the near certainty of impeachment, Nixon resigned the office of the presidency on August 9, 1974, after addressing the nation on television the previous evening.
    The resignation speech was delivered on August 8, 1974, at 9:01 pm Eastern time from the Oval Office and was carried live on radio and television. The core of the speech was Nixon's announcement that Gerald Ford, as Vice President, would succeed to the presidency, effective at noon Eastern T
  • Gerald Ford pardons Nixon

    : On September 8, 1974, one month after President Richard Nixon resigned the presidency amid the Watergate scandal, his successor, President Gerald R. Ford, announced his decision to grant Nixon a full pardon for any crimes he may have committed while in office. The Watergate scandal stemmed from a break-in that occurred on the night of June 17, 1972, when five burglars entered the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate office complex in
  • Microsoft Founded

    Microsoft was formed soon after the introduction of the Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) Altair, the first "personal computer," a build-it-yourself kit for hobbyists. Bill Gates and Paul Allen seized the opportunity to transform this early PC into a breakthrough -- the Altair needed software, a programming language that could make it perform useful computing tasks. That's when it all began. Allen, employed by Honeywell, and his friend, Gates, a sophomore at Harvard, immediate
  • Computerized Supermarkets checkouts begin to appear

    In the 1975’s when you went to the grocery store or went somewhere to by food, clothing, or any type of item. It isn’t like the days today when you can just ring up the item and it be ready to pay for, back in the day they had to find the barcode on the bottom and type in every number on it into the register, it took a very long time to do, and if you had a lot of groceries it would take a really, really long time. But thank goodness, today we have registers where you can just scan it and there
  • Catalytic convertors introduced on cars

    A catalytic converter (colloquially, "cat" or "catcon") is a device used to reduce the array of emissions from an internal combustion engine. A catalytic converter works by using a catalyst to stimulate a chemical reaction in which the by-products of combustion are converted to produce less harmful and/or inert substances, such as the very poisonous carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide. In automobiles, this typically results in 90% conversion of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and nitrogen oxides in
  • Saigon Falls to Communism

    The Fall of Saigon was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front on April 30, 1975. The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period leading to the formal reunification of Vietnam under communist rule.
    North Vietnamese forces under the command of the Senior General Văn Tiến Dũng began their final attack on Saigon, which was commanded by General Nguyen Van Toan on April 29, with a heavy ar
  • Arthur Ashe First Black Man to Win Wimbledon

    Tennis player. Born Arthur Robert Ashe, Jr. on July 10,1943, in Richmond, Virginia. The oldest of Arthur Ashe, Sr. and Mattie Cunningham's two sons, Arthur Ashe, Jr. blended finesse and power to forge a groundbreaking tennis game. He became the first, and currently only, African-American to win the men's singles at Wimbledon, the U.S. Open, or the Australian Open.
  • Jimmy Hoffa Disappears

    (born February 14, 1913 – disappeared July 30, 1975, declared legally dead July 30, 1982) was an American labor union leader and author.
    Hoffa was involved with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters union, as an organizer from 1932 to 1975. He served as the union's General President from 1958 to 1971. He secured the first national agreement for teamsters' rates in 1964, and played a major role in the growth and development of the union, which eventually became the largest single union in th
  • President Ford Assassination Attemps (2)

    Ford faced two assassination attempts during his presidency, occurring within three weeks of each other: while in Sacramento, California, on September 5, 1975, Lynette Fromme, a follower of Charles Manson, pointed a Colt .45-caliber handgun at Ford. As Fromme pulled the trigger, Larry Buendorf,] a Secret Service agent, grabbed the gun and managed to insert the webbing of his thumb under the hammer, preventing the gun from firing. It was later found that, although the semi-automatic pistol had fo
  • Fransisco Franco Dies

    Francisco Franco, the son of a naval postmaster, was born in El Ferrol, Spain, on 4th December, 1892. Franco graduated from the Toledo Military Academy in 1910. Commissioned into the 8th Regiment he was posted to Morocco in 1913. Although physically small he proved to be a courageous officer and won rapid promotion.
    Franco had reached the rank of major in 1917 and played a prominent role in strike-breaking in the Asturian coal fields and in 1920 Lieutenant Colonel Millán Astray appointed him se
  • Karen Ann Quinlan

    Karen Ann was an important person in the right to die controversy. She was 21 and after arriving home from a party, she was unconscious. She had consumed diazepam, and dextropopoxyphene, as well as alcohol. Karen was lapsed into vegetative state. She was kept alive on a ventilator for several months. In this time period there was no improvement, her parents requested that the hospital disconnect Karen from the ventilator and allow her to die. The hospital refused to stop active care.
  • Apple Computer launch

    is an American multinational corporation that designs and markets consumer electronics, computer software, and personal computers. The company's best-known hardware products include the Macintosh line of computers, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad. Apple software includes the Mac OS X operating system; the iTunes media browser; the iLife suite of multimedia and creativity software; the iWork suite of productivity software; Aperture, a professional photography package; Final Cut Studio, a suite
  • Legionnaires diseases strikes 182, kills 29

    The Legionnaires disease is a form of pneumonia by the Bacillus Legionella pneumophila. The disease gets its name from the American Legion, a U.S military veteran organization in a Philadelphia hotel where 182 Legionnaires contracted the disease. 29 of the Legionnaires that had contracted the disease died.
  • Betamax VCRS’s released

    The Betamax VCR was released on May 19th 1967; it was a home video cassette tape recording format developed by Sony. The ½ an inch wide cassette video tape design format was very similar to the earlier U-Matic format, which was ¾ an inch.
  • West Point admits women

    In preparation for the entrance of women, Military Academy staff, faculty and cadets visited many locations, such as the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy (which admitted women in the Summer of 1974); the Women’s Army Corps Training Center at Fort McClellan, Ala.; Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) summer camps where women ROTC cadets were undergoing rigorous field training along with men; coeducational police academies; women’s sports camps; and civilian colleges. The visits developed as accurat
  • N and S Vietnam Join to Form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

    The 1992 Constitution (as amended) includes a Preamble and chapters on the political system; economic system; culture, education, science, and technology; national defence; basic rights and obligations of citizens; the National Assembly; the state President; the government; People's Councils and People's Committees; the judiciary and the procuracy (state prosecutors' offices); the national flag, emblem, anthem, capital and national day; and amendment of the Constitution.
    In addition to the 1946,
  • Entebbe Air Raid

    On July 4th 1976, Operation Entebbe took place. It was a hostage-rescue mission carried out by the IDF (Israel Defense Force) at the Entebbe Airport in Uganda, Africa. A week earlier before this mass operation an Air France plane with 248 passengers was hijacked by terrorists and was flown to Entebbe
  • Mao Tse Tung dies

    . Mao Tse Tung died on September 9th 1967 at the age of 82. The cause of his death was from the disease of ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease, another reason for his death was due to his addiction to smoking. His death came upon the end of a long decline (5 years). During this time various factions vied to win the power struggle, his death catalyzed this event.
  • President carter pardons Vietnam draft dodgers

    On this day in 1977, U.S. President Jimmy Carter grants an unconditional pardon to hundreds of thousands of men who evaded the draft during the Vietnam War. In total, some 100,000 young Americans went abroad in the late 1960s and early 70s to avoid serving in the war. Ninety percent went to Canada, where after some initial controversy they were eventually welcomed as immigrants. Still others hid inside the United States. In addition to those who avoided the draft, a relatively small number--abou
  • Miniseries roots airs

    Roots is a 1977 American television miniseries based on Alex Haley's work Roots: The Saga of an American Family. Roots received 36 Emmy Award nominations, winning nine; it also won a Golden Globe and a Peabody Award. It received unprecedented Nielsen ratings with the finale still standing as the third-highest rated U.S. television program ever. It was shot on a budget of $6 million. The series introduced LeVar Burton in the role of Kunta Knit, Haley's maternal fourth great-grandfather. It also s
  • Alaskan pipeline completed

    President Carter has promised decision on neutron bomb next month and Senator has debated with regard to funds for it; now there is indications bomb’s development further along than thought.
    (DC) Sources at Nevada test site are unofficially quoted as saying at least 1 neutron bomb has been exploded there, but ERDA won't say. [ERDA spokesperson Jim CANNON - can't deny or confirm neutron bomb test, but it's under development and nuclear weapons are tested in development stage. To go into question
  • Red dye #2 is banned-

    Even today, artificial dyes are subject to some of the most bizarre fears and nastiest urban legends. Blame Red Dye No. 2. In the 1970s, Soviet scientists claimed a link between the dye — used in everything from sausage casings and ice cream to makeup — and cancer, and U.S. tests proved some correlation as well. Though it was never linked to any deaths or illnesses, the substance was banned from U.S. shelves in 1976. Consumer worries were enough to get the Mars candy company to pull red M&Ms fro
  • Star wars movie released

  • New York City blackout

    The New York City Blackout of 1977 was an electricity blackout that affected most of New York City from July 13, 1977 to July 14, 1977. The only neighborhoods in New York City that were not affected were the Southern Queens, and neighborhoods of the Rockaway, which are part of the Long Island Lighting Company System. Unlike other blackouts that affected the region, namely the Northeast Blackout of 1965 and the Northeast Blackout of 2003, the 1977 blackout was localized to New York City and the i
  • First black Miss universe

    Miss Universe 1977, the 26th annual Miss Universe pageant was held at the National Theater, in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic on July 16, 1977. 24-year-old Janelle Commissions earned Trinidad & Tobago its first Miss Universe crown as well as becoming the first black woman to win the title. The Miss Universe Pageant was held in the Dominican Republic in 1977 in order to promote tourism to the island. Miss Universe was then owned by Gulf-Western Industries, an American conglomerate which had la
  • Elvis Presley found dead

    January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was one of the most popular American singers of the 20th century. A cultural icon, he is widely known by the single name Elvis. He is often referred to as the "King of Rock and Roll" or simply "the King”. Born in Tupelo, Mississippi, Presley moved to Memphis, Tennessee, with his family at the age of 13. He began his career there in 1954 when Sun Records owner Sam Phillips, eager to bring the sound of African American music to a wider audience, saw in Presley th
  • Neutron bomb funding began

    The neutron bomb is designed as a tactical nuclear weapon to be used on small-scale battlefields. Employed as warheads in Lance missiles with a 75-mi. range or as 8-in. shells for artillery with an 8-mi. range, 1-kiloton neutron bombs would be aimed to explode 130 yd. above the enemy. Within a 140-yd. radius below the explosion, all structures would be demolished and all people killed. Any person within a half-mile radius would receive an 8,000-rad dose of radiation (a chest X-ray involves less
  • Atlantic City Permits Gambling

    In an effort at revitalizing the city, New Jersey voters in 1976 approved casino gambling for Atlantic City; this came after a 1974 referendum on legalized gambling failed to pass. Immediately after the legislation passed, the owners of the Chalfonte-Haddon Hall Hotel began converting it into the Resorts International. It was the first legal casino in the eastern United States when it opened on May 26, 1978.[9] Other casinos were soon constructed along the Boardwalk and, later, in the marina dis
  • David accords for middle east peace

    President Clinton announced his invitation to Barak and Arafat on July 5, 2000, to come to Camp David to continue their negotiations on the Middle East peace process. There was a hopeful precedent in the 1978 Camp David Accords where President Jimmy Carter was able to broker a peace agreement between Egypt, represented by President Anwar Sadat, and Israel represented by Prime Minister Menachem Begin.
  • First Test-Tube Baby Born

    Since 1966, Dr. Patrick Steptoe, a gynecologist at Oldham General Hospital, and Dr. Robert Edwards, a physiologist at Cambridge University, had been actively working on finding an alternative solution for conception for women with blocked Fallopian tubes. However, even after they found a way to fertilize an egg outside a human body, they continued to have problems replacing the fertilized egg back into a uterus.
  • The Love Canal

    The lack of public interest in Love Canal made matters worse for the homeowners' association, which now battled two organizations who were spending vast amounts of money to disprove negligence. Initially, members of the association had been frustrated by the lack of a public entity that could advise and defend them. Gibbs met with considerable public resistance from a number of residents within the community: the mostly middle-class families did not have the resources to protect themselves, and
  • John Paul II Becomes Pope

    In August 1978, following the death of Pope Paul VI, Cardinal Wojtyła voted in the Papal conclave that elected Pope John Paul I, who at 65 was considered young by papal standards. John Paul I died after only 33 days as Pope, thereby precipitating another conclave.[32][51][63]
    The second conclave of 1978 commenced on 14 October, ten days after the funeral of Pope John Paul I. I
  • Jamestown Massacre

    Jonestown was the informal name for the Peoples Temple Agricultural Project, an intentional community in northwestern Guyana formed by the Peoples Temple, a cult led by Jim Jones. It became internationally notorious when, on November 18, 1978, 918 people died in the settlement as well as in a nearby airstrip and in Georgetown, Guyana's capital. The name of the settlement became synonymous with the incidents at those locations.
  • Ayatollah Khomeini Returns as Leader of Iran

    Religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini has made a triumphant return to Iran after 14 years in exile. Up to five million people lined the streets of the nation's capital, Tehran, to witness the homecoming of the Shia Muslim imam.
    Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, 78, was imprisoned by the Shah in 1963 for his opposition to reforms and was expelled the following year, to Iraq - via Turkey.
  • Nuclear Accident at Three Mile Island

    The Three Mile Island accident was a partial core meltdown in Unit 2 (a pressurized water reactor manufactured by Babcock & Wilcox) of the Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania near Harrisburg, United States in 1979.
  • Thatcher First Woman Prime Minister of Great Britain

    October 1925) is a former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom who served from 1979 to 1990.Born in Grantham, Lincolnshire, she studied chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford before qualifying as a barrister. In the 1959 general election she became MP for Finchley. Edward Heath appointed Thatcher Secretary of State for Education and Science in his 1970 government.
  • Jerry Falwell begins Moral Majority

    In 1979, Falwell founded the Moral Majority, which became one of the largest political lobby groups for evangelical Christians in the United States during the 1980s. The Moral Majority was founded as being "pro-family", "pro-life", "pro-defense" and pro-Israel. The group is credited with delivering two thirds of the white, evangelical Christian vote to Ronald Reagan during the 1980 presidential election.
  • Sony Introduces the Walkman

    is a Sony brand tradename originally used for portable audio cassette, and now used to market Sony's portable audio and video players as well as a line of Sony Ericsson mobile phones. The original Walkman introduced a change in music listening habits by allowing people to carry music with them and listen to music through lightweight headphones.
  • ESPN starts broadcasting

    The Eastern Sports Programming Network, usually referred to by its acronym ESPN, is an American cable television network focusing on sports-related programming. Founded by Bill Rasmussen his son Scott Rasmussen and Getty Oil executive Stuart Evey, it launched on September 7, 1979, under the direction of Chet Simmons, the network's President and CEO (and later the United States Football League's first commissioner).
  • The Greensboro Massacre

    The Greensboro massacre occurred on November 3, 1979 in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States. Five protest marchers were shot and killed by members of the Ku Klux Klan and the American Nazi Party. The protest was the culmination of attempts by the Communist Workers Party to organize mostly black industrial workers in the area.
  • Iran Takes American Hostages in Tehran

    The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States. Fifty-two US citizens were held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981, after a group of Islamic students and militants took over the Embassy of the United States in support of the Iranian Revolution. Sixty-six Americans were taken captive when Iranian militants seized the U.S. Embassy in Tehran on November 4, 1979, including three who were at the Iranian Foreign Ministry. Six more America