The 1960's

  • Jackie Robinson's First Major League Game

    Jackie Robinson's First Major League Game
    Jackie Robinson played for the Brooklyn Dodgers. He was the first African American to play Major League Baseball.
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    The 1960's

  • Eisenhower's Domino Theory

    Eisenhower's Domino Theory
    President Eisenhower's Theory was if Vietnam fell to communism, other countries in South Asia would also fall into communism. “You knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last one is a certainty that it will go over very quickly.”
  • Geneva Conference

    Geneva Conference
    The Conference was to try to negotiate peace in Indochina. The Geneva Conference was held in Geneva, Switzerland. The Geneva Conference was held from April 26-July 20.
  • Rosa Parks and the Buses

    Rosa Parks and the Buses
    After a long day at work, on the bus ride home, a white man wanted to sit where she was sitting. Rosa Parks refused and sat there until the Montgomery Police arrested her. This sparked the Bus Boycotts, by the African Americans.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    Nine African Americans tried to segregate an all white school on this day, but guards would not allow them in. They were not able to get into the school until September 25. They were escorted into school by the 101st Airborne Division.
  • Sit In Greensboro

    Sit In Greensboro
    In Greensboro, North Carolina, four college students sat at the white section after they ordered coffee in a Woolworth's store. After three days of sit-in's they brought 63 people to sit down out of 66 seats.
  • The Election of 1960

    The Election of 1960
    Kennedy beat Nixon only by 303-219 electoral votes, and only 120,000 votes seperated the two canidates. Also Kennedy did not recieve a mandate.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    The attempt of Cuban Exiles backed up by U.S. Troops to overthrow the Cuban Socialist, Fidel Castro. This attempt failed and Kennedy took full responsibilit of the failure.
  • Moon Shot Speech to Congress

    Moon Shot Speech to Congress
    "This nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth . . . But in a very real sense, it will not be one man going to the moon . . . it will be an entire nation."
  • The Start of the Berlin Wall

    The Start of the Berlin Wall
    The Communist, Khrushchev responded to the events on the western half of the world, he sent thousands of troops to close the crossing of the road, splitting East and West Berlin.
  • America's First Man Orbit

    America's First Man Orbit
    John Glenn was the first American Man to orbit Earth. Even though the Russians were able to send a man to orbit Earth, in 1961.
  • Voter Education Project

    Voter Education Project
    The Voter Education Project was a group that helped southern African Americans, register to vote. It was the most popular from 1962-1968.
  • The Feminine Mystique

    The Feminine Mystique
    In "The Feminine Mystique," written by Betty Friedan, was first published on this date and sparked many debates. In her book, she revealed her survey of women and how they felt their role was in society. She stated many women felt trapped and unable to life a full life.
  • Sitting to Get Noticed

    Sitting to Get Noticed
    Three African American college students, Anne Moody, Memphis Norman, and Pearlena Lewis who attended Tougaloo College in Jackson, Mississipppi. They sat at a white only lunch counter. They refused to move and wanted to be served there. This started the end of segregation in Mississippi.
  • March to Washington

    March to Washington
    More than 200,000 people of all races walked to the mall of Washington D.C. During this Martin Luther King Jr. gave one of his most famous speechs, "I Have A Dream" speech.
  • Kennedy Assassination

    Kennedy Assassination
    Shots rang out from the sixth story building of schoolbook depository building, in Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was riding in a convertable car and then was killed by Lee Harvey Oswald.
  • Twenty-Forth Amendment

    Twenty-Forth Amendment
    The United States was able to ratify the amendment in January. The 24th amendment, abloishes all poll taxes during the voting period.
  • War on Poverty

    War on Poverty
    In January 1964, Johnson declared "unconditional war on poverty" in America, at his first State of the Union Address. He asked Congress to pass the Economic Opportuninty Act. Congress eventually passes the bill in the month of August, 1964.
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution

    Tonkin Gulf Resolution
    On August 4th, President Johnson, came onto TV. telling the American people a Navy Destroyer, USS MADDOX, was attacked in the Tonkin Gulf. Three days later, Congress gave approval to Johnson, to attack back.
  • Free Speech Movement

    Free Speech Movement
    The Free Speech Movement was sparked by the politics and the outlonging of the Vietnam War. Berkeley was the one who helped start the movement. This was viewed as a countercultural movement to the U.S.
  • Donations to CORE

    Donations to CORE
    Jack Weinberg, set up a table to help support a civil rights group, CORE. When the police arrived to arrest him, hundreds of students stood around the cop car for 32 hours, so the police could not arrest him.
  • The Election of 1964

    The Election of 1964
    Johnson was able to beat Goldwater by 61% of the popular vote. The Electoral Collage was a win of 486-52 votes.
  • Malcolm X Assassinated

    Malcolm X Assassinated
    Malcolm X was assassinated in Audubuon Ballroom, in New York City, NY. He was killed by Black Muslims. They considered Malcom X as a traitor to their cause.
  • Voting Rights Attacked

    Voting Rights Attacked
    About 600 people were marching in Selma, Alabama for voting rights. They were stopped and attacked by the Selma police department as they crossed the Edmund Pettus Bridge.
  • LBJ Elemenatry and Secondary Education Act

    LBJ Elemenatry and Secondary Education Act
    LBJ passed the Elemenatry and Secondary education on his belief of equal education for all children. He believed an early education was vital for the success of the children. It was the first large scale program by the government to aid public schools.
  • SDS First Antiwar Movement

    SDS First Antiwar Movement
    More than 20,000 protester marched at the White House where they wanted a petition delievered to Congress. They also protested to Colleges who researched information for the Military.
  • Johnson Calls for an Escalation

    Johnson Calls for an Escalation
    President Johnson called for an escalation or a buildup of troops. In the end of a two year span ending in 1965, the troops increased from 185,000 to 486,000 troops.
  • Stokely Carmichael Becomes Leader of SNCC

    Stokely Carmichael Becomes Leader of SNCC
    It is not known when he officially became the leader of the SNCC. Stokely Carmichael became the leader of the SNCC after he replaced the moderate John Lewis. He abandoned the SNCC non-violent movement and became more violent.
  • National Organization for Women

    National Organization for Women
    The National Organization for Women or (NOW), was a group founded for womens rights. They faught for women discrimination in schools, justice systems, and the workplace. NOW worked to also help end the violence of women.
  • The Formation of MAYO

    The Formation of MAYO
    It did not say what day (MAYO), or Mexican American Youth Organization was founded. MAYO was founded by a group of college students in San Antonio. The Leader of MAYO was Jose Angel Gutierrez. They faught for equal rights for Latino Americans.
  • Summer of Love

    Summer of Love
    During this summer, this was the high point of the Hippie movement, in San Francisco. The Hippis lacked rules and proclaimed love, peace, and harmony.
  • First African-American to be Seated in the Supreme Court Justice

    First African-American to be Seated in the Supreme Court Justice
    The African-American lawyer, Thurgood Marshall, who debated for the Brown cases. He is the first African-American to have a seat in the Supreme Court Justice.
  • The Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive
    The Tet Offensive was a series of major attacks, by the Communists, on South Korea. The Tet Offensive caused 1968 to be a crucial year in the war.
  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    Operation Rolling Thunder
    President Johnson' first major bombing attack on North Vietnam. Operation Rolling thunder was accepted on the 24th of Febuary, and launched in March.
  • More Troops for March

    More Troops for March
    Westmoreland asked President Johnson to send 206,000 more troops to Vietnam. Johnson realized they were almost defeating the weakened Vietkong, so he sent the 206,000 troops.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated

    Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated
    Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated when he was standing on his balcony at the Lorriane Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. He was killed by a white sniper, James Earl Ray. After this, over 120 cities began to riot.
  • Passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1968

    Passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1968
    President Johnson passed the Civil Rights Act of 1968, just a week after Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated. This Act banned the discrimination of the sale of houses or rents.
  • Poor People's Campaign

    Poor People's Campaign
    On this Sunday, Mother's Day, the weather was horrible and thousands of protestors walked out to the Nation's Capital to protest the poor economy. Unfortunately, this protest failed.
  • American Indian Movement

    American Indian Movement
    The American Indian Movement or (AIM) was founded on this day, in Minneapolis, MN. They called for the renewal of Native American culture and the recognition of Native American rights.
  • The Election of 1968

    The Election of 1968
    There was a three way race for the Election of 1968, Richard Nixon, Hubert Humphery, and George Wallace. Nixon won with 301 electoral votes. He won with the help of the silent majority.
  • Nixon's TV. Announcment

    Nixon's TV. Announcment
    Nixon asked the American Silent Majority, was to support him and the defeat of communism. Without their help America would be defeated and humiliated by Communism.
  • La Raza Unida Party

    La Raza Unida Party
    The La Raza Unida Party or (RUP) was formed to help aid Mexican Americans. The name means "Unite the People." In late 1970, disagreements of the counsels, destroyed and made RUP fall apart.
  • Kissinger Secret Negotiation

    Kissinger Secret Negotiation
    He began a secret negotiation in Paris, with North Vietnam to end the war. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for the help of settling a Peace Negotiation.
  • Kent Riots

    Kent Riots
    On the Kent State University, antiwar demonstrators, setting the ROTC building on fire. After this, the Governor sent National Gaurd Troops to control the protestors.
  • Credits

    my.hrw.com, Holt Social Studies, American Anthem
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