Technologies influence on recording music

  • Acoustic recordings

    The earliest methods of recording arbitrary sounds involved the live recording of the performance directly to the recording medium. This was an entirely mechanical process, often called "acoustical recording". The sound of the performers was captured by a diaphragm with the cutting needle connected to it. The needle made the groove in the recording medium.
  • The Phonautograph 1857, Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville invented the phonautograph, the first device to record arbitrary sound. It used a membrane (which vibrated in response to sound) attached to a pen, which traced a line roughly corresponding to the sound's waveform onto a roll of paper. Although able to record sound, the phonautograph was unable to immediately play back the recording, although, in one laboratory experiment, a phonoautograph recording was photoengraved onto a metal plate, creating a groov
  • Thomas Edison invented first machine that could record sound

    Thomas Edison invented first machine that could record sound19 Feb 1877In 1877, Thomas found a way to record sound by using two needles on tinfoil cylinders. One needle for recording and the other for playback. This was the creation of the phonograph. The first words he had recorded were 'Mary had a little lamb'.
  • The Phonograph

    The phonograph expanded on the principles of the phonoautograph. Perfected by Thomas Edison in 1878, the phonograph was a device with a cylinder covered with an impressionable material such as tin foil, lead, or wax on which a stylus etched grooves. The depth of the grooves made by the stylus corresponded to change in air pressure created by the original sound.
  • The Gramophone The graphophone used wax cylinders which could be played many times, however, each cylinder had to be recorded separately making the mass reproduction of the same music or sounds impossible with the graphophone.
  • Magnetic Recordings Magnetic recording was demonstrated in principle as early as 1898 by Valdemar Poulsen in his telegraphone. Magnetic wire recording, and its successor, magnetic tape recording, involve the use of a magnetizable medium which moves with a constant speed past a recording head. An electrical signal, which is analogous to the sound that is to be recorded, is fed to the recording head, inducing a pattern of magnetization similar to the signal.
  • Electrical recording was experimented

    The first million seller was produced with 'Japanese Sandman’ coupled with ‘Whispering’ by Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra, which became a craze that boosted the record industry in that decade.
  • The first electrical recordings was issued

    Victor and Colombia in the US, issued the first electrical recordings.
  • Manufacturing of Magnetic recording tapes.

    BASF [German: Badische Anilin- und Soda-Fabrik] (Baden Aniline and Soda Factory) which is a company that produces chemicals, manufactured 50,000 metres of magnetic recording tape for use by AEG for large scale experiments.
  • world war II

    During the 1940's in ww2, the recorded music and the radio industry was largely used by the soldiers to entertain their boredom
  • The mutitrack recording The next major development in magnetic tape was multitrack recording, in which the tape is divided into multiple tracks parallel with each other. Because they are carried on the same medium, the tracks stay in perfect synchronization. The first development in multitracking was stereo sound, which divided the recording head into two tracks.
  • Further developments

    By the late 1960s, disk reproducing equipment became so good that audiophiles soon became aware that some of the noise audible on recordings was not surface noise or deficiencies in their equipment, but reproduced tape hiss. A few specialist companies started making "direct to disk" specialty recordings, made by feeding microphone signals directly to a disk cutter (after amplification and mixing).
  • Cassette tapes The Philips Company of the Netherlands invented and released the first compact audio-cassette using high-quality polyester 1/8-inch tape produced by BASF.
  • Wax cylinders discontinue

    Columbia ceased production of wax cylinders in 1909 when discs became popular.