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Teaching Through the Years

  • The birth of our nation.

    On this date, our founding fathers signed the Declaration of Independance.
  • The New England Primer

    Primers were used after children learned their basic reading skills. The lessons taught within the primers focused primarily on morals and religoin.
  • Northwest Ordinance

    The ordinance created the northwest territories that eventually developed to become the states of Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. With each state, funds that were made on the sixteenth section of land went towards public schools.
  • Property Taxes

    During this yearm, the states of Wisconsin and Michigan reuired property taxes to be paid to assist in building schools. It was suggested that money wasnt the only form of payment, labor and materials were acceptible too.
  • Massachusetts Great and General Court

    The court passed a law that all cities must elect a school committee to supervise the schools.
  • First Public High School.

    This year saw the opening of America's fist public high school which boys and girls could attend, in Boston and New York/
  • Required High Schools

    After high schools began opening in America, funding was provided that require communities to provide high schools.
  • First Board of Education

    Horace Mann was appointed secretary of the board. Mann was an advocate of many controvercial issues, such as womens right, abolishing slavery, and reconstructing the education system. He promoted public education through the idea that is would be and investment that would result in more disciplined workers.
  • First Normal School

    Championed by Horace Mann, normal schools were post-secondary establishments used to fashion teachers. The first American normal school was built in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • Boston Quincy School

    This school was the first to implement Horace Mann's egg-crate school system. With this educational formatting, students were to be placed in classrooms reflecting their academic skills that coincided with the age.
  • Hartford Female Seminary

    Founded by Catherine Breecher, this school which educated teachers, sent many westward to teacher within pioneer settlements.
  • Women's Educational Association

    Founded by Catherine Breecher
  • Civil War Begins

    With the war, the progress of education hesitated as women found themselves carrying on the duties that the men left behind. The Civil War also prompted the enactment of an important act in 1962 to assist in educating officers.
  • Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation of Slaves

    Prior to the Civil War ending, laws in the South banned slaves from learning to read. With the freedom that was brought on by the Civil War, slave were free to be educated.
  • Ending of the Civil War

    This began a movement in which amedments were made to the constitution abolishing slavery and giving African American men many rights that were granted to white men. Even with these amendments however, equality, especially in education, was far fetched.
  • Supreme Court Ruling

    This case allowed that states cannot put restrictions on school segregation.
  • Carlisle Indian School

    Founded by Richard Henry Pratt, the Carlisle Indian school in Pennsylvania, promoted the assimilation of Native Americans. Childred would be sent away from the tribes to be boarded and educated at the school.
  • Hatch Act

    This act promoted Land Grant colleges to create experimental farms in which students could be education through the conducting of research.
  • Supreme Court Ruling

    This ruling proclaimed that states could not force segregated schools.
  • Second Morrill Act

    This act was an extension of the 1862 Morrill Act, allowing African Americans and confederate states to be included this time. It also assisted in presenting higher education to the working class and provided the first public funding for colleges.
  • Plessy vs Ferguson

    With the ruling of this case, the idea of separate but equal became legalized. Even though laws stated equality among individuals, social inequality was still prominant. This meant that even though colored children were allowed to attend separate schools, the quality of education was below that of white schools.
  • Chicago Teachers Federation

    Education reformers Margaret Haley and Catherine Goggin were the co-founders of this first labor union for educators.
  • Ella Flagg Young

    In Chicago, Illinois she became the first female superintendant of an American school.
  • The Progressive Education Association

    This association was founded as an attempt to reform the schools of America.
  • Nineteenth Amendment

    Not only did this amendment give women the right to vote, but it ultimately led to the opportunity for them to improve their wages and working environment as teachers. It also allowed them equal admittance to educational facilities.
  • Snyder Act

    This act prompted for educators to honor the cultures of Native American tribes.
  • The Great Depression Begins

    This event brought on great difficulties in every aspect of life, including education.
  • Indian Recognition Act

    This required schools to teach indian history.
  • WWII Begins

    The was pulled both men and women into different societal role, altering the progression of education.
  • GI Bill

    This allowed for funding that sent tens of thousands of men who engaged in WWII to college.
  • WWII Ends

  • Mendez vs Westminster School District

    The ruling of this case restricted Mexican Americans and Anglos from being segregated in California schools.
  • Financial Incentives

    In the late 1940s, states began to prompt small, rural school to combine to create larger schools that were more modern.
  • Brown vs Board of Education

    This case in Topeka, Kansas initiated desegregation.
  • Taxonomy of Educational Objectives

    Benjamin Bloom created this plan that arranged a set of curriculum goals.
  • Launch of Sputnik

    This scientific achievement of the Soviets resulted in Americans criticizing the educational system of the states. It was thought that educational discipline was lacking.
  • Desegregation

    In Nashville, Tennessee twelve African American students attend white schools. They were subjected to massive crowds of angry white adults. There was one person who even bombed part of a school.
  • The Morrill Act

    This act donated land to colleges to enhance agricultural and mechanical education. These thirty thousand acres allowed for colleges to be constructed. They were also identified as Land Grant Colleges.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    With this act, such program as Head Start and Title I were implemented. It also supplied funding for the education of Native Americans.
  • Robert Lafollette Bennett

    He became the first American Indian to gain the title of Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
  • Home Schooling

    During the 1970s home schooling made progress with the support of John Holt.
  • Period: to


    During the 1970s eduaction took an approach that promoted individual fulfillment.
  • Title IX of Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    This act states that no one can be rejected from educational or federally funded activities based on sex.
  • Womens Educational Equality Act

    This act was an addition to the Title IX Act of 1972. It provided funding for schools to create program which would advance women further in society.
  • Indian Self Determination and Education Act

    This act allowed for Native American to run their own schools. These schools provided common content and supported their cultural values.
  • Period: to


    Politicians sought to decrease this humanistic approach to education in order to increase the performances of students.
  • A Nation at Risk

    This report was published, suggesting that other nations provided a higher standard of education for students.
  • Land Grant Status

    It was broadened to encompass twenty nine Native American tribal colleges.
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    This act is supported by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.