Special Education Timeline

  • Beattie vs. Board of Education

    The Wisconsin Supreme Court upholds a ruling that a student could be excluded from a school based on a disability. The student had a condition that caused drooling and facial contortions. Teachers found the student's presence in class "nauseating" (Yell, 1998). The courts agreed with school officials that argued the student required too much time of the teacher and caused disruptions to the learning environment (Yell, Rogers, & Rogers, 1998).
  • Cuyahoga County Ohio Council for the "Retarded" Child

    Parents advocated for students with disabilities against the conditions that they had in the classroom. The Cuyahoga County Ohio Council was the first parent advocacy group to emerge.
  • In the Pennsylvania Association for "Retarded" Children (PARC) v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ruling

    The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania sided for students with intellectual and learning disabilities in state-run institutions. They would be placed in publicly funded school settings that met their individual educational needs, based on an evaluation. of the school and the student.
  • Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia case

    The U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia students with mental and learning disabilities and behavioral issues are to be given access to publically funded educational opportunities from the D.C. Board of Education (denying these became unlawful).
  • Congressional Investigation of 1972

    The Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (directed by Congress) found that only 3.9 million students out of 8 million that required special education services had their educational needs met, 2.5 million were receiving a substandard education and 1.75 million weren't attending school.
  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

    Passed by Congress, 504 protected the rights of those with disabilities against discrimination based on their disabilities.
  • Public Law P.L. 93-380 - Education Amendments of

    Provided funding for programs, instructions for due process procedures, and contained the concept of least restrictive environment for disabled students.
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act (President Gerald Ford)

    The Public Law 94-142 required all states that accepted money from the federal government to provide equal access to education for children with disabilities, and with one free meal per day.
  • Public Law 99-457 Amendment to the All Handicapped Children Act

    Mandated individual states to provide services to families of children born with disabilities from the time they are born instead of the previous mandate (age three).
  • President Reagan & the Handicapped Children’s Protection Act

    Gave parents of children with disabilities control in the development of their child’s Individual Education Plan, or IEP.
  • Public Law 101-476 amendments to Public Law 94-142,/the Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    Traumatic brain injury and autism were added as new disability categories, and an individual transition plan, or ITP, must be developed to help the student transition to post-secondary life in addition to their IEP.
  • The Education for all Handicapped Children’s Act transitions into the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. President Clinton

    The IDEA was reauthorized with amendments emphasizing providing all students with access to the same curriculum. Increasing the “developmental delay” definition from birth through five years of age to also include students up to nine years old.
  • My babysitter's Grandson

    My babysitter was a fifty year old woman who had a grandson that could talk but couldn't communicate and in a wheelchair. He communicated by yelling when she would hold up the correct item after many tries, he couldn't move and had a very large and expensive wheelchair.
  • My Cousin

    My Cousin Arturo was born in Mexico, he can't communicate well but has never been given a diagnosis because of the cost. He's much older than I, in his 30s and he is unable to work but he has gotten much better at communicating.
  • IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act)

    Congress amended IDEA including: early intervention for students, greater accountability from the states & institutions, and improved educational outcomes (monitored), and raised the standards for instructors who teach special education classes. Required local school districts to use move up to 15% of their special education funds toward general education if it were determined that a disproportionate number of students from minority groups were misplaced in special education.
  • The Girl with headphones during assembly

    In elementary school there was a girl who would wear headphones and sing to herself, when the auditorium got too loud she would yell and her aide would wheel her outside
  • My Great Aunt

    My grandmas sister was unable to communicate or move on her own. No one was sure why and they couldn't diagnose her because the Doctors in Mexico are too expensive. When I met her I tried to talk to her but she wouldn't look me in the eyes, I didn't know if she was listening but I would talk to her.
  • Abby from School

    (to preface this, I'm not sure if being mute is special education)
    In 6th grade there was a girl who was mute, she couldn't move her body or her mouth except for her hands. She would show off her feeling tube and let us sit in her wheel chair. She was really quick with sign language but her aide was able to keep up
  • Betty from school

    We had a girl who was always very excited and would jump up and down when she liked something, she would scare me a little because she was a lot taller than the rest of us but she was nice.
  • The Boy in the Cafeteria line

    There was a boy who would dress like Michael Jackson, he was really good at dancing but I was intimidated by him because I didn't understand him.
  • My friends brother

    My friend had an older brother that had been born with the Umbilical cord cutting off circulation to his neck. He couldn't communicate with us, he would only look and smile. He had a really well paying job at the Recology sorting center.
  • The Small Family at the Mall

    When I was working in fast food at the court, I met a woman and her son who had Down Syndrome. They were very sweet, she was teaching her son how to become independent, she had adopted him and had learned how to be a good parent.