Special Education Law Timeline

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    Special Education Law Timeline

  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Landmark Supreme Court decision that found segregated public school are unequal. Results in intergration of students with special needs into public schools.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965

    Addresses the inequalities of educational opportunities for underprivileged children. Helped to ensure that disadvantaged children have access to quality education.
    http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/art/history.spec.ed.law.htm
  • Pennsylvanis Assn. for Retarded Children v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvanis (PARC)

    Set the precedent that children with mental retardation could not be excluded from public schools and that educational placement decisions must include a process of parental participation and a way to resolve disputes.
    http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/art/history.spec.ed.law.htm
  • Mills v. Board of Education of District of Columbia

    Set the precedent that children with disabilities could not be suspended, expelled or excluded from school with affording them due process of the law.
  • Rehabilitation Act

    Section 504 in the Rehabilitation Act is a law that prevents discrimination against individuals with disabilities.
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    This law originated as a way to insure that students with disabilites receive an appropriate education.
  • Board of Ed. of Hendrick Hudson Central Sch. Dist. v. Rowley

    The first special education case ruledo n by the Supreme Court that defined a "free appropriate public education" (FAPE)
    http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/caselaw/ussupct.rowley.htm
  • Irving Independent Sch. Dist. v Amber Tatro

    Supreme court foun that a medical treatment such as a clean intermittent catheterization, is a related dervice under the Education for All Hanicapped Children Act and that a school is required to provide it.

    http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/caselaw/ussupct.tatro.htm
  • Burlington Sch. Committee v. Mass. Board. of Education

    Clarified the procedural safeguards, mthe parental role inj special educational decision-making. Tuition reimbursement for private placement and the child's placement during a dispute about FAPE.
    http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/caselaw/ussupct.burlington.htm
  • Honig v. Doe

    Strong decision for in school disipline case on behalf of emotionally disturbed children with academic and social problems. Designed to protect schildren from school officials, parents role, and that schools will not expel children for behaviors related to their disability.
    http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/caselaw/ussupct.honig.doe.htm
  • Daniel R.R. v. State Board of Education

    Determined that students with disabilities have a right to be in the least restrictive environment. Schools must provide placement for children in regular education classes for some of the day and in special education classes where needed. FAPE means the student has right to inlcusion to the maximum extent possible.
  • The American with Disabilities Act is enacted

    ADA adopts Section 504 regulations as part of the ADA statute. as a result 504 plans for individual students start to become more common place.
  • EAHCA is amended and renamed IDEA

    Individuals with DIsabilities Education Act
  • Zobrest v. Catalina School District

    School district may pay for student services if needed even when the student attends a parochial school without violating seperation of church and state.
  • Florence Co. Sch Dist Four v. Shannon Carter

    A 9-0 decision that the Supreme Court found that if a school fails to provide an appropriate education and the child receives an appropriate education in a private placement the parents are entitled to reimbursment for the child's education.

    http://www.wrightslaw.com/law/caselaw/ussupct.carter.htm
  • IDEA is reauthorized

    This amendment calls for students with disabilities to be inlcuded in state and district-wide assessments.
  • IDEA is reauthorized

    Big changes include Response to Intervention to meet requirements of IDEA.
    Changes to IEP process.
    Changes to Due Process.
    Changes to Student Discipline.
  • No Child Left Behind is enacted

    This law calls for all students, including students with disabilities, to be proficient in math and reading by the year 2014.
  • New Hampshire Rules for the Education of Children with Disabilities

    NH state law on educating children with disabilities.

    http://www.education.nh.gov/instruction/special_ed/documents/nh_rules_2012_web.pdf
  • New Hampshire Rules for the Education of Children with Disabilities amended

    Amended NH state law for the education of children with disabilities. http://www.education.nh.gov/instruction/special_ed/documents/nh_rules_2012_web.pdf