Smarter Planet

  • First Train

    First Train
    The first steam locomotive railway known as the Penydarren was built by Richard Trevithick. It was used to transport iron from Merthyr Tydfil to Abercynon, Wales. it managed to carry 10 tons of iron successfully. It once managed to carry 25 tons worth of iron. The weight of the train was originally 5 tons, this caused many of the cast iron plate rails to brake.
  • Vaccination Act of 1867

    Vaccination Act of 1867
    Vaccination Act of 1867 in England begins to elicit protest from the population and increase in the number of anti-vaccination groups. It compelled the vaccination of a baby within the first 90 days of its life. Those who objected would be continually badgered by magistrates and fined until the child turned 14. The law was passed on the assurance of medical officials that smallpox vaccinations were safe.
  • the creation of coke coal

    the creation of coke coal
    By 1875, coke (which is made from coal) replaced charcoal as the primary fuel for iron blast furnaces to make steel. The burning of coal to generate electricity is a relative newcomer in the long history of this fossil fuel
  • Radios

    Radios were closely related to telecommunications and had many people working on it at the same time but credit was allocated to one person primarily.
  • Sounds

    Alexander Graham Bell experimented with a technique called "harmonic telegraph". During this process, he was able to hear sounds through a wire, the sound they experimented with a twanging clock spring.
  • First Car

    First Car
    Karl Benz invented the first car powered by a internal combustion engine. Benz decided to name the car "Benz Patent Motorwagen". The car had 3 wheels and a rear mounted engine. The vehicle contained many new inventions. It was constructed of steel tubing and wooden panels.The steel-spoked wheels and solid rubber tires were Benz's own design.
  • Candlestick Phone

    Candlestick Phone
    From the 1890s to the 1930s was the era of the Candlestick phone. It worked by making the receiver and mouth piece separate from each other. The style died out in the 1930s when they combined both the pieces.
  • Zepplin LZ1

    Zepplin LZ1
    Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin began construction of his first airship, LZ-1, in June, 1898 in Southern Germany, not far from the Swiss border. The movable, floating shed allowed the ship to be positioned into the wind to enter or leave its hangar. The ship was completed in the winter of 1899 but Zeppelin decided to wait until 1900 before attempting to fly his invention. The ship was inflated with hydrogen gas in June and made its maiden flight on July 2, 1900.
  • Diesel Engine Canal Boats

    The steamers were very successful however they took a large amount of the cargo space was taken up with the engine, boiler and coal required for the journey, and the high number of crew required.
    From 1906 FMC steamer experimented with various gas engines, and in 1912 fitted their first Bolinder (a Swedish engine) to narrow boat 'Linda'. The early Bolinder installations had no reverse gear, although this didn’t worry the boatmen.
  • the use of hydroelectric power

    The Devil's Gate-Weber Hydroelectric Power Plant was built in 1909-1910 on the Weber River of northeastern Utah, USA, about 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Ogden, Utah. It was built by the Utah Light and Railway Company under the direction of E.H. Harriman, a director of the Union Pacific Railroad. It was one of the first powerplants in Utah designed to feed an electrical grid rather than as a source of power of a single locality.
  • Motorized video cameras

    Motorized video cameras
    The earliest video cameras were those of John Logie Baird, based on the mechanical Nipkow disk and used in experimental broadcasts through the 1920s-1930s. All-electronic designs based on the video camera tube, such as Vladimir Zworykin's Iconoscope and Philo Farnsworth's image dissector, supplanted the Baird system by the 1930.
  • Homing Pigeons

    Homing Pigeons
    In World War 1 and 2, pigeons were used to send important messages to each other. This method had a 95% success rate.
  • First 3-D Movie

    First 3-D Movie
    The first 3D movie was called "The Power Of Love" and was shown at the Ambassador Theatre in Los Angeles. A three-dimensional stereoscopic film is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension. The most common approach to the production of 3D films is derived from stereoscopic photography.
  • Biofuels

    One of the first inventors to convince the people of the use of ethanol was a German named Nikolaus August Otto. Rudolf Diesel is the German inventor of the diesel engine. He designed his diesel engine to run in peanut oil and later Henry Ford designed the Model T car which was produced from 1903 to 1926. This car was completely designed to use hemp derived biofuel as fuel.
  • First vaccine for tetanus

    First vaccine for tetanus
    Tetanus can be prevented by vaccination with tetanus toxoid. The CDC recommends that adults receive a booster vaccine every ten years, and standard care practice in many places is to give the booster to any patient with a puncture wound who is uncertain of when he or she was last vaccinated, or if he or she has had fewer than three lifetime doses of the vaccine.
  • First vaccine for tuberculosis

    First vaccine for tuberculosis
    The only available vaccine as of 2011 is Bacillus Calmette- In children it decreases the risk of getting the infection by 20% and the risk of infection turning into disease by nearly 60%.
    It is the most widely used vaccine worldwide, with more than 90% of all children being vaccinated. The immunity it induces decreases after about ten years.
  • Jet engine

    Jet engine
    The invention of the jet engine made air travel a lot faster. To this current date people are developing jet engine to be smaller and more efficient. They have even put them on different vehicles other than jets.
  • Electronic tv

    Electronic tv
    In 1897, J. J. Thomson, an English physicist, in his three famous experiments was able to deflect cathode rays, a fundamental function of the modern CRT. The earliest version of the CRT was invented by the German physicist Karl Ferdinand Braun in 1897 and is also known as the Braun tube.
  • 1939 Nuclear fission

    Nuclear fission of heavy elements was discovered on December 17, 1938 by German Otto Hahn and his assistant Fritz Strassmann, and explained theoretically in January 1939 by Lise Meitner and her nephew Otto Robert Frisch. In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts (lighter nuclei).
  • Santa Claus Land First Theme Park

    Holiday World & Splashin' Safari (known as Santa Claus Land prior to 1984) is a combination theme park and water park located near Interstate 64 and U.S. 231 in Santa Claus, Indiana, United States. The theme park is divided into four sections that celebrate Christmas, Halloween, Thanksgiving and the Fourth of July with rides, live entertainment, games, and attractions
  • Rotary Phones

    Rotary Phones
    The Rotary phone was designed with both the reciver and mouth piece on one device. However the interatction with the buttons proved to be difficult and was then began to die out in the 1960s
  • Most well-known artificial hearts

    Most well-known artificial hearts
    One day at Montefiore Hospital in New York, Dr. Henry Heimlich invited his friend to observe an open-heart surgery. After watching the patient die, he used his knowledge of dummies to come up with the concept of the artificial heart.To this day, a completely implantable artificial heart remains one of the holy grails of medical engineering.
  • World's first nuclear power station opened in UK

    World's first nuclear power station opened in UK
    World's first nuclear power station opened in UK
    The Queen opened the world first full scale nuclear power station in Cumberland. The government expected to save about 40 million tons of coal by investing in the new technology, and was planning to supply about 10% of the country's electricity needs from nuclear power within less than 10 years. 9 additional nuclear power stations were built across the UK within 10 years.
  • Answering Machine

    The answering machine was convenient to most people. It allows users to receive messages without even being there.It began to get popular in the 1960s
  • First Video Game Spacewar! is invented

    First Video Game Spacewar! is invented
    Spacewar! is a space combat video game developed in 1962 by Steve Russell, in collaboration with Martin Graetz and Wayne Wiitanen, and programmed by Russell with assistance from others including Bob Saunders and Steve Piner. It was written for the newly installed DEC PDP-1 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  • Push-button Phones

    Push-button Phones
    AT&T release a revolutionary design for the phone which is now push button. This made dialing a lot easier and also introduced "blue boxes" which allowed users to make long-distance phone calls.
  • Boeing 747

    This was the first flight of the Boeing 747 which was the first commercial wide-body airliner. The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, Jumbo Jet, or Queen of the Skies. In 1963, the US Air Force started a series of study projects on a very large strategic transport aircraft. The 747 was conceived while air travel was increasing in the 1960s.
  • NASA uses liquid Hydrogen to power rockets

    NASA uses liquid Hydrogen to power rockets
    NASA has used liquid hydrogen since the 1970s to propel the space shuttle and other rockets into orbit
  • SubLOGIC release first generation Flight Simulator

    Computer-graphics specialist Bruce Artwick and pilot and marketing student Stu Moment were roommates at the University of Illinois. A2FS1 Flight Simulator, their first product after forming subLOGIC,[2] had black and white wireframe graphics, featured a very limited scenery consisting of 36 tiles (in a 6 by 6 pattern, which roughly equals a few hundred square kilometers), and provided a very basic simulation (with only one aircraft simulated).
  • Channel Tunnel

    Channel Tunnel
    The Channel Tunnel is a 50.5-kilometre (31.4 mi) rail tunnel linking Folkestone, Kent, in the United Kingdom, with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, near Calais in northern France, beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover. On the opening date the Queen traveled through the tunnel to Calais on a Eurostar train, which stopped nose to nose with the train that carried President Mitterrand from Paris.
  • Sony releases the Playstation 1

    Sony releases the Playstation 1
    The PlayStation (officially abbreviated to PS, and commonly known as the PS1 or PSX) is a home video game console developed and marketed by Sony Computer Entertainment. The console was released on 3 December 1994 in Japan, 9 September 1995 in North America, 29 September 1995 in Europe, 15 November 1995 in Australia, and for Korea in 1996.
  • Dolly was a female domestic sheep

    Dolly (5 July 1996 – 14 February 2003) was a female domestic sheep, and the first mammal cloned from an adult somatic cell, using the process of nuclear transfer. She was cloned by Sir Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell and colleagues at the Roslin Institute, part of the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, and the biotechnology company PPL Therapeutics, based near Edinburgh.
  • The Human Genome Project(HGP)

    The HGP accelerates the rise in personalized medicine: In a collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Institute of Health, and numerous other research institutions, the HGP sought to identify the 25,000 genes of a human genome. One of the many applications of this massive project, which are still being explored 13 years later.Reference
  • Artificial Retinas

    Artificial Retinas
    An estimated 1.1 million people in the United States are considered legally blind. This has led to companies like Nano-Retina to develop a sophisticated and elegant solution intended to restore the sight of people who lost their vision due to retinal degenerative diseases. Reference
  • German fusion reactor produces first plasma

    German fusion reactor produces first plasma
    The world's largest stellarator-type fusion device, Wendelstein 7-X, for the first time heated helium until it became plasma at around 1 million degrees Celsius. The helium was plasma for onetenth of a second, so the next task is to extend this duration so that more energy is produced than consumed.