Slavery and the events leading up To The Civil War

  • The Underground Rail Road

    The Underground Rail Road
    It is believed that the system started in 1787 when Isaac T. Hopper, a Quaker, began to organize a system for hiding and aiding fugitive slaves. Opponents of slavery allowed their homes, called stations, to be used as places where escaped slaves were provided with food, shelter and money. George Washington complained about how one of his runaway slaves was helped by a "society of Quakers, formed for such purposes." The Underground railroad ran up to, and through to the end of the civil war.
  • The Missiouri Compromise.

    The Missiouri Compromise.
    Even before the terrirtoy of Missiour petitoned Congress for admission to the Untion, Slavery had been a divisive issue in the United States for decades. The cry against the South's "peculiar instituion" had grown louder in recent years. The spread of slavery ino new territories and states was again confronted with volatilness. After two-hundred years of Slavery, black slavery was vital to the south's economy. The south demanded that the north recongnize its right to have slaves.
  • Missiour Compromise cont

    Missiour Compromise cont
    A compromise was finally reached on March 3, 1820. This was reached by the efforts of Henry clay, " the great pacificator". Shortly after, Maine petitioned congress for statehood. Both states were admitted, a free Main and a slave Missoui.
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    Missiouri Compromise- Ft. Summter

  • Nat turners rebellion

    Nat turners rebellion
    Nat Turner was born on October 2, 1800, in Southampton County, Virginia. People marked him as a man " intended for some great purpose". He devoted his time to praying and fasting. In 1821, he ran away from his overseer. roughly a month later he returned after having a vision of the great spirt telling him to return to his earthly master. A year later he was sold to Thomas Moore after the death of his master, Samuel Turner. Years later, Nat had a vision. Lights from the sky.... appeared and.....
  • Nat Turners rebellion cont 1

    Nat Turners rebellion cont 1
    .... He prayed to find out what this ment. Then "... while laboring in the field, I discovered drops of blood on the corn, as though it were dew from heaven, and I communicated it to many, both white and black, in the neighborhood; and then I found on the leaves in the woods hieroglyphic characters and numbers, with the forms of men in different attitudes, portrayed in blood, and representing the figures I had seen before in the heavens." On May 12, 1828 he had his third vision. it said that he.
  • Nat Turners bellion cont 2

    Nat Turners bellion cont 2
    .... should raise up agains the serpant and take flight, and prepare to rebel against his earthly masters. Slaying them with their own weapons.
  • Thomas Garrett-Trial

    Thomas Garrett-Trial
    In 1848 Garrett was brought before a Federal court. Garrett admitted he had aided fugitive slaves and would continue to do so. This resulted in a heavy fine that forced him into bankruptcy. However, with the help of his anti-slavery friends, Garrett was able to re-establish his business.
  • The Compromise of 1850 cont 1

    The Compromise of 1850 cont 1
    4.) ... In the capital
    5.)The Fugitive Slave Act mad any citizen. From the president down to the lowest pweb, responsible to turn in any runaway slave. If they failed to do so, then a heavey fine could be levied upon them. This act cause many abolitionists to increase their efforts.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    The Compromise of 1850 was an act to strave off section strife. It was also an attempt to stop slavery in the new territories while keeping both the North's and South's intrests in mind. Here are the bills
    1.) California was entered as a free state.
    2.) The people of Utah and New Mexico would use popular sovernty to chose slavery or free state
    3.)gave up lands that it claimed in present day New Mexico and received $10 million to pay its debt to Mexico.
    4.) Slave trading was prohibited in the..
  • Bleeding Kansas 1854-1858

    Bleeding Kansas 1854-1858
    Bleeding Kansas refers to the time between 1854-58 when the Kansas territory was the site of much violence over whether the territory would be free or slave. Several constitutions for the future state of Kansas were created, some pro- and some anti-slavery. The Lecompton Constitution was the most important pro-slavery Constitution. President James Buchanan actually wanted it to be ratified. However, the Constitution died. Kansas eventually entered the Union in 1861 as a free state.
  • The Kansas-Nebraska act

    The Kansas-Nebraska act
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed by the U.S. Congress on May 30, 1854. It propmoted popular sovernty in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. By doing this, congress severed the Missiour compromise. Northerns were infuriated by this. Fore they saw the Missiour a long-standing binding agreement. After the act was passed, Pro and anti slavery supporters rushed into kansas and nebraska. in attempt to settle the out come of the first election. The first election was voided and the in the second
  • The kansas-Nebraska act cont 1

    The kansas-Nebraska act cont 1
    .... election, pro-slavery supporters refused to vote. This resulted in to opposing legislatures within kansas. Violence soon erupted, with the anti-slavery forces led by John Brown. The territory earned the nickname "bleeding Kansas" as the death toll rose President Franklin Peirce sent in federal troops to stop the violence and disperse the anti-slavery legislature. Another election was held and the Pro-slavery party was againcharged with election fruad.
  • Kansas Nebraska act cont 2

    Kansas Nebraska act cont 2
    Eventually, however, anti-slavery settlers outnumbered pro-slavery settlers and a new constitution was drawn up. On January 29, 1861, just before the start of the Civil War, Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state.
  • Dread Scott Decison.

    Dread Scott Decison.
    In March of 1857, the United States Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, declared that all blacks -- slaves as well as free -- were not and could never become citizens of the United States. The court also declared the 1820 Missouri Compromise unconstitutional, thus permiting slavery in all of the country's territories.
  • Dread Scott cont 1

    Dread Scott cont 1
    Dred Scott, a slave who had lived in the free state of Illinois and the free territory of Wisconsin before moving back to the slave state of Missouri, had appealed to the Supreme Court in hopes of being granted his freedom. the Court's majority opinion that, because Scott was black, he was not a citizen and therefore had no right to sue. The framers of the Constitution, he wrote, believed that blacks "had no rights which the white man was bound to respect; and that the negro might justly and...
  • Dread Scott cont 2

    Dread Scott cont 2
    ... lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit. He was bought and sold and treated as an ordinary article of merchandise and traffic, whenever profit could be made by it." Referring to the language in the Declaration of Independence that includes the phrase, "all men are created equal," Taney reasoned that "it is too clear for dispute, that the enslaved African race were not intended to be included, and formed no part of the people who framed and adopted this declaration. . . ."
  • The Presidentail Election of 1860

    The Presidentail Election of 1860
    In the Presidential Election of 1860, the four candidates were Abraham Lincoln, John C. Breckinridge, John Bell, and Stephen A. Douglas. Abraham Lincoln was elected from the state of Illinois and was a Republican, John Breckinridge represented the southern states and was nominated by the Democratic Party, John Bell represented the Constitutional Union, and Stephen Douglas candidate for the Democrats. The Results of the Election brough about South Carolina receding from the unin and The Civil War
  • The Attack of Ft. Summter.

    The Attack of Ft. Summter.
    The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–13, 1861) was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War. Following declarations of secession by seven Southern states, South Carolina demanded that the U.S. Army abandon its facilities in Charleston Harbor. president Buchanan attempted to supply the fort with unarmed merchant ships which were fired upon my costal batteries that guarded the channle into and out of the harbor.