Significant Events of Music Education in the United States

Timeline created by berrones
In Music
  • European Settlers

    European Settlers
    Puritans, Anglicans, Lutherans and Catholics settle in the new Americas bringing with them their European musical tradition. The first New England colonies were the most significant.
  • Reverend John Tufts

    Reverend John Tufts
    Tufts writes the first American music textbook titled, "An Introduction to the Singing of Psalm Tunes." In England, the notion is music is and will be for everyone.
  • Industrial Revolution

    Industrial Revolution
    The positive effects of this revolution bring about economic promise in such that more people can participate in musical activities of a European nature. In 1830, Elam and Ives incorporate new European music in the educational system.
  • Instrumental Music

    Instrumental Music
    In addition to Psalms and vocal music, instrumental music was on the rise in towns and cities. Military and town bands were established as well as the New York Philharmonic in 1842. The Theodore Thomas Orchestra and Gilmore Band were traveling ensembles having profound effects on the American music scene.
  • Boston Public Schools

    Boston Public Schools
    Lowells efforts for reform were fully realized as the Boston Public Schools were the grassroots movement of music education being in the public sector. Pestalozzi's and Nägeli's music philosophies were implemented.
  • Golden Era Height

    Golden Era Height
    The first public school instrumental programs were established. The touring ensembles were a major reason these programs were successful, but in addition the Howell Brothers and the Benjamin were the predecessors with their group and private instruction reinforcing the music educational system.
  • Maidstone Movement

    Maidstone Movement
    Charles Farnsworth, Albert Mitchell and Paul Stoeving brought the Maidstone Movement from Europe to the United States. The significance of establishing the tenets of this movement in the public schools was school ensembles were taught from the very first rudiments. More band ensembles were incorporated.
  • Effects of World War I

    Effects of World War I
    Bands became more prominent during the war replacing orchestras in the school system. These ensembles took on a patriotic role being heard at "graduations, assemblies, meetings and concerts." After the war, band went on a decline, but band competitions brought it back into the American light.
  • Frank L. D'Andrea and Allen Britton

    Frank L. D'Andrea and Allen Britton
    Being part of the progressive movement D'Andrea wrote an essay titled, "Music Education Looks Back" which makes music more holistic in thought. Britton's contribution "Basic Concepts in Music Education" in 1954 brings a more aesthetical approach to music.
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik
    The Russians beat the United States in the space race causing Americans to feel vulnerable thus creating a drive in the U.S. to want to do everything better than any country. This included education. Not only was American music education improved, but funding for it as well was given.
  • "A Philosphy of Music Education"

    "A Philosphy of Music Education"
    Music educators felt the curriculum was too loosely based, because of the holistic and aesthethical approach. Thus, Bennett Reimer wrote this treatise to reinforce music is intellectual too and something unto itself, as well.
  • David Elliott

    David Elliott
    Elliott wrote, "Music Matters: A New Philosophy of Music Education." In it, he describes music as an actual practice and not just an objective matter. His approach is known as praxial education. This writing saved the dwindling effects of music education in the 1980's.