Significant Events in Melbourne's History By ovendino Jan 1, 1835 Melbourne is founded by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner A treaty was made between the Aboriginal 'Kulin Nation' and the two men, John Batman and John Pascoe Fawner. The treaty involved trading 60,000 acres of land for lots of tools and helpful items. Mar 28, 1837 The Hoddle Grid The streets of the Central Buisiness District are surveyed by Robert Hoddle. It covers the area from Flinders Street to Queen Victoria Market, and from Spencer Street to Spring Street. Jun 25, 1847 Melbourne declared a city by Queen Victoria When Melbourne was declared a city, it also become the centre and capital of Victoria. It started growing rapidly. Jan 1, 1861 Melbourne's population reaches 125,000 This was considered a milestone for Victoria. Jan 1, 1861 First Melbourne Cup Known as 'the race that stops the nation', this race is famous around the world. It is traditionally held on the first Tuesday of November at Flemington Racecourse. Jan 1, 1901 The Commonwealth of Australia is formed. Melbourne becomes national capital Because of its population and stability Melbourne was chosen, but the title was later given to Sydney and then to Canberra. Jan 1, 1954 First Moomba Parade Now Australia's largest and longest running free festival and it is run to celebrate Aboriginal culture. Jan 1, 1956 The Olympic Games held in Melbourne. With 67 nations competing, the Olympics came to Melbourne for the first time and brought a whole lot of tourists with them. Jan 1, 1996 Development of the Docklands area begins The billion dollar ever growing and expanding development begins, hoping to attract city dwellers. It is expected to be completed by 2015. Jan 1, 2009 Victorian bushfires around Melbourne The worst fires in the history of the city, and definitely one of the worst Summers for Melbournians.