Albany plan of union

Scott Robert Lane's Timeline 1215-1787

  • Sep 2, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    King John forced to sign by nobles. Limited king's power
    and guaranteed due process in England.
  • Jamestown Settled

    Jamestown Settled
    May 14th, 1607. First permanent English settlement in the
    United States. Jamestown was the capital in the colonies for 83 years (1616-1699).
  • Mayflower Compact Written

    Mayflower Compact Written
    Settlers come to Massachusetts
    for religious freedom. Since they had no government, they created a contract
    whose rules and regulations they would follow to survive. Created a "civil
    body politic" to govern the people.
  • Petition of Right

    Petition of Right
    Mandated that the King was subject to the law.
    Prohibited martial law and established that taxes could only be levied by
    Parliament and prisoners could challenge their sentences by writ of habeas corpus.
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    Reduced the power of the English King drastically.
    Allowed Parliament free speech and the power to petition the monarch.Mandated
    regular elections to Parliament.
  • Albany Plan of Union

    Albany Plan of Union
    Proposed by Franklin at Albany Congress. Sought to
    unite the colonies under one government. Quickly rejected.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    Forced colonists to use paper produced in London for many
    things including legal documents, magazines, and newspapers. This paper was taxed
    in British currency.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British soldiers harrassed by colonists. They
    fire into the crowd, killing 5 people. John Adams defended them in court, and
    6 of the soldiers were acquitted, while 2 others were convicted.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Colonists rebel against the Tea Act's
    tax on British East India Compay Tea. Group of Colonists board tea ship and
    destroy tea by throwing it into the harbor.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    Delegation meets to discuss
    the response to the Intolerable Acts. King George III is petitioned for redress,
    but to no effect.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    Passed by Parliament to regain control in the colonies.
    Closed the port of Boston, brought Massachussetts under Parliament control,
    allowed governor to move trials, and forced colonists to house British soldiers.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Managed the Colonial War Effort
    and moved toward independence. Led to the Declaration of Independence.
  • American Revolution Begins

    American Revolution Begins
    Colonies decide to seperate themselves from
    Britain. War insues and the Colonies prevail, gaining independence.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Established that the colonies were
    independent from Britain. Layed out the basic principles of the new nation
    and addressed why the seperation had to occurr. Signers knew they would be
    considered traitors and could die.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    Losely binded the 13 colonies into one nation.
    Allowed states to retain sovereignty, with the national congress settling
    disputes between states. Granted national government little power beyond
    control of army and ability to create new currency.
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    Rebellion began in the U.S. over financial
    difficulties. Produced a need for a strong Constitution to replace the weak
    Articles of Confederation.
  • Philadelphia Convention

    Philadelphia Convention
    Delegates meet to improve the Articles of
    Confederation. Results in the Constitution of the United States.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    Delegates meet to work out the details of a new
    Constitution. Much debate is had and the result is the United States Constitution,
    laying out the law of the land and establishing rights in th United States.
  • Connecticut Compromise

    Connecticut Compromise
    The large states and small states disagree on
    Congressional Representation. A bicameral Congress is established, with
    representation in the lower house depending upon population and equal
    representation in the upper house.