Feb 19, 1473
Nicolaus CopernicusNicolaus Copericus was born 2/19/1473 in Thorn, Royal Prussia. He was the youngest of 4 children and never married or had children.
He spoke Latin, German, Polish, Greek and Italian, though most of his works are in Latin.
Copernicus was a mathematician, astronomer, physician, classical scholar, and diplomat, among other things.
Period: Jan 1, 1500 to
Scientific RevolutionThe time which focused on science and developed new ideas in physics, astronomy, biology, human anatomy, and chemistry.
Jan 1, 1514
HeliocentricismThe first appearance of the theory of a heliocentric universe by Nicolaus Copernicus in his Commentariolus.
The belief that the sun was the center of the universe went against the the known Geocentric universe where Earth was the center.
May 12, 1543
De revolutionibus orbium coelestiumCopernicus's book which means On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres.
It's an alternative to Ptolemy's widely accepted Geocentric universe and introduces Copernicus's beliefs in a heliocentric universe.
It was published in 1543 Nuremburg; publisher: Johannes Petreius
Jan 1, 1561
FalloppioGabriele Falloppio (1523-1562) was a very versatile 16th century Italian anatomist. He is often referred to by his Latin name, Gabriel Fallopius.
In 1561, Falloppio's 222 page book, Observationes anatomicae (Anatomical Observations), was published.
It has been noted that in 1561, Falloppio had madethe discovery of the Fallopian Tubes through human anatomy.
Dec 27, 1571
Johannes KeplerKepler was a German mathematician and astronomer, who discovered the planetary motion was elliptical.
He was born in Weil, Swabia- not far from Germany, and was premature. He calculated the pregnancy to be 224 days, 9 hours, and 53 minutes.
He also did important work in optics and geometry.
Kepler-BraheTycho Brahe’s observations were accurate enough for Johannes Kepler to discover that the orbital movements of the planets, which is elliptical and not circular as commonly believed at that time.
Even after Brahe died, Kepler "stole" the work and continued his research.
Death of Tycho BraheDuring his lifetime, Tycho Brahe was known for his mathematical calculations of the universe.
It is said that he lost his nose to the cure of syphilis and that he was a heavy drinker, which killed him. People have told that Brahe died from drinking too much at a dinner, but because he was unable to use the restroom, his bladder bursted and he was sent to the Heavens that he so eagerly researched.
Astronomia NovaThis was Kepler's most important work in astronomy, and a colloboration between himself and Tycho Brahe.
Kepler used Brahe's experiments to develop his heliocentric beliefs.
He produced 2 of his 3 laws of planetary motion:
I-The planets move in elliptical orbits with the sun at a focus.
II-In their orbits around the sun, the planets sweep out equal areas in equal times.
III-The squares of the times to complete one orbit are proportional to the cubes of the average distance from the sun.