Romantic era timeline

  • Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827)

    Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827)
    Key to the beginning of romanticism. Introduced the heroic topic in orchestral music. Composed 9 symphonies, 32 piano sonatas, and many many other chamber, choral, etc. pieces.
  • Period: to

    Romantic era

  • E. T. A. Hoffmann (1776-1822)

    E. T. A. Hoffmann (1776-1822)
    German author and composer. Wrote The Nutcracker. His works epitomize romanticism.
  • Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868)

    Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868)
    The most famous composer of the early 19th century in Vienna. Composed choral music and operas. Italian. Most known works are William Tell Overture and Barber of Seville.
  • Franz Schubert (1797-1828)

    Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
    Austrian composer. Created the Lieder genre, which was artistic and dramatic, involved frequent modulations, and expansive melodies. Composed over 600 Lieder, several symphonies and operas, choral music, etc.
  • Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)

    Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)
    French composer, conductor, writer. Leading French musician of his day, and his works embody romanticism. Composed symphonies, operas, chamber music, etc. as well as some untraditional genres.
  • Robert Schumann (1810-1856)

    Robert Schumann (1810-1856)
    Composer, editor, critic. Lost sanity at a young age. Composed 4 symphonies, Lieder, chamber music, concertos, piano works, and 1 opera.
  • Frederic Francois Chopin (1810-1849)

    Frederic Francois Chopin (1810-1849)
    Polish/French composer and pianist. Innovated new piano techniques, and wrote some of the most influential piano works. More famous today than during his life.
  • Franz Liszt (1811-1886)

    Franz Liszt (1811-1886)
    Virtuoso pianist, conductor. Supporter of Wagner, inventor of the orchestral tone poem. Composed Lieder, concertos, piano works, and tone poems.
  • Guiseppe Verdi (1813-1901)

    Guiseppe Verdi (1813-1901)
    Leading Italian opera composer of the era. National hero of Italy. Composed some choral music and 26 operas.
  • Richard Wagner (1813-1883)

    Richard Wagner (1813-1883)
    Creator of German Music Drama. conductor, writer, composer. Wrote about music of the future, and was anti-semetic. Composed operas, music dramas, and 2 symphonies.
  • Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880)

    Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880)
    Founder of Opera bouffe. Introduced the can-can. Compsoed dramatic works, vocal works, ballets, works for cello.
  • Anton Bruckner (1824-1896)

    Anton Bruckner (1824-1896)
    Austrian composer and organist. Follower of Wagner, known for large orchestrations. Incredibly conscientious approach to composition. Composed symphonies, organ works, and choral music.
  • Johann Strauss (1825-1899)

    Johann Strauss (1825-1899)
    Viennese composer, conductor, and violinist. called the Waltz-King. Composed mainly operettas.
  • Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)

    Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)
    Austrian composer. Classic-romantic composer, strong knowledge of the musical past; One of Bach's first editors; pianist, friends with the Schumanns. Composed symphonies, concertos, Lieder, chamber music, etc.
  • Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921)

    Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921)
    French composer, pianist, organist, and writer. Composed orchestral works, chamber music, stage works, etc. Notable composition is Dance Macabre.
  • Piotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky

    Piotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky
    Russian composer, conductor, teacher. Western trained. Emotional, conservative harmonic language. Composed stage works, symphonies, concertos, etc.
  • Antonin Dvorak (1841-1905)

    Antonin Dvorak (1841-1905)
    Czech composer, lived in the USA, Influenced by African American and Native American music and culture. Composed 9 symphonies (last one is most famous), chamber music, orchestral works, etc.
  • Edvard Grieg (1843-1907)

    Edvard Grieg (1843-1907)
    The most important Norwegian composer of his time. Composed concertos, orchestral works, chamber music, etc. Significant composition is In The Hall of The Mountain King.
  • Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908)

    Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908)
    One of the Russian Mighty Five. Significant as a teacher, conductor, wrote an orchestration treatise. Composed symphonies, chamber music, piano works, etc. Notable composition is Scheherazade.
  • Gabriel Faure (1845-1924)

    Gabriel Faure (1845-1924)
    French composer, teacher, keyboardist. Forshadowed modern tonality and style. Head of the Paris Conservatory. Composed stage works, vocal and orchestral works, chamber music, etc.
  • John Philip Sousa (1854-1932)

    John Philip Sousa (1854-1932)
    American composer. Leader of the US Marine Band in 1880. Composed over 100 marches.
  • Edward Elgar (1857-1934)

    Edward Elgar (1857-1934)
    English composer. Received international acclaim. Wasn't folksong oriented. Composed symphonies, overtures, piano works, etc. Notable composition is Nimrod.
  • Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)

    Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)
    Italian opera composer. Gift for delicate melodies, strove for realism. Most successful Italian opera composer after Verdi. Composed 10 operas, a few instrumental and chamber works.
  • Hugo Wolf (1886-1903)

    Hugo Wolf (1886-1903)
    Wrote mostly Lieder. Influenced by Wagner. Composed 250 Lieder and one opera.