By djg056
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    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    German writer and statesmen, influential on many Romantic composers.
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    Ludwig van Beethoven

    The transitional figure from the Classical to the Romantic style.
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    Klemenz Wenzel 
von Metternich

    Chancellor of Austria, instrumental in shaping social activities.
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    E.T.A. Hoffman

    Published in a music journal that reviewed new music and composers: Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung.
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    The French Revolution

    The “common” people saw themselves as empowered to break free from oppression.
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    Gioacchino Rossini

    The most important opera composer in the early 19th century.
  • Paris Conservaotrie

    Founded as a state institution for the training of musicians.
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    Franz Schubert

    Composer in all genres with over 600 lieder.
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    Gaetano Donizetti

    Itialian opera composer.
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    Hector Berlioz

    One of the most important early innovators of new orchestration and genres.
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    Felix Mendelssohn

    Composer of most genres, revived of J.S. Bach’s music in Leipzig.
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    Frédéric Chopin

    Composer and the most delicate pianist of his time.
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    Franz Liszt

    Piano virtuoso, writer, conductor, composer, innovator, supporter of Wagner.
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    Richard Wagner

    German composer who changed music with his innovations.
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    Giuseppe Verdi

    The most important Italian composer in the mid to late 19th century.
  • Erlkönig

    Lieder composed by Schubert, based on the legend that whoever is touched by the king of the elves must die.
  • Ophicleide

    Keyed brass instrument similar in range to a trombone.
  • The Carlsbad Decrees

    placed severe limits on freedom of expression by individuals and institutions such as Universities and presses.
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    Bedrich Smetana

    Bohemian nationalist composer.
  • Symphonie Fantastique

    A program symphony in 5 movements composed by Berlioz.
  • Rigoletto

    Opera composed by Verdi based on Victor Hugo's play "The King is Amused".
  • Le banjo: Fantasie grotesque

    Character piece for piano composed by Louis Moreau Gottschalk that depicts banjo strumming and picking.
  • Má Vlast

    Tone poem composed by Smetana.