Robert Hooke

  • Start-Robert Hooke

    Robert Hooke designed, innovated and created microscopes, which he then used in many ways. He first saw “cells” in a a cork slice, making him the first person to see biological cells. He reported his work in a book called "Micrographia" in 1665.
  • Link #1

    Theodor Schwann created a monograph that stated all animals and plants are made from one single fundamental unit. All living things are made of cells. The idea historically sparked a revolution in the study of anatomy and life itself, as well as an increased interest in cell research.
  • Link #2

    Alexander Maximow was a physician, biologist and scientist who is credited with the discovery of stem cells. Using Schwann’s information that all plants and animals are made of cells, he started researching. In 1923 he discovered and shared that all blood cells are developed from the same basic cell. He was the first person to use the term “stem cells” for scientific and medical purposes.
  • Finish

    Scientists from the Japanese team at the Oklahoma City University in Japan, have created a functional human liver from stem cells derived from skin and blood. This leads to a future where livers and other transplant organs could be made in a laboratory. This would not have been possible without the knowledge of the cell gained from Robert Hooke,Theodor Schwann and Alexander Maximow.