Sugar Act-indirect tax (out of sight=out of mind)
-Duties on molasses and sugar
- purchased only with valuable silver coins
-if didn't purchase= fined or jailed
-Direct tax -(in your face tax)
- tax on all paper products -official stamp/seal on all paper items proof tax was paid
Quartering Actquartering act required colonists to house soldiers 'if soldiers come knocking at the door.....
your sleeping on the floor'
-large amount of land given to Quebec
-general Thomas Gage became new governor of MA
No taxation without representationparliament taxes upset colonists
parliament =law making group of great Britain
argued that parliament had no right to tex without consent permission cololnies had no representatives in parliament but they had to follow their rules.
Delaratory ActParliament declares it has power to make laws for the colonies 'in all cases whatsoever'
parliament passes to save his face
- taxes on glass,lead,paints,paper,and tea
- searched for smuggled goods -sons of liberty start to do violent acts British soldiers arrive to protect tax collectors
Boston massacresoldiers strikes colonist
-crowd gathers and hassles soldiers throwing snowballs and shouting insults.
-more troops arrived,colonists get more and more angry.
- Passes in 1773 and allowed British east India company (BEIC) to sell tea directly to colonists -lower prices than colonist merchant prices
- tax tea cheaper than smuggled tea
- less smuggling = more tax money
Boston Tea Partymembers of sons of liberty dump over 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor . caused problems for loyalists/Tories-loyalist/Tory=a person the colony who remains loyal to the king and Great Britain.
Intolerable Actspasses to punish Boston for tea party. Boston harbor closed until tea paid for. Massachusetts charter cancelled. royal officals had trial in Britain. Quartering act required colonists to house soldiers. if a soldier comes knocking at the door......your sleeping on the floor. large amount of land given to Quebec. general Thomas Gage became new governor of MA.
1000's of Redcoats in BostonRedcoats in Boston general gage brings thousands of British soldiers to Boston with more on the way.
Midnight ride of Paul RenverePaul Renvere rides to warn the sons of liberty in Lexington and concord that the British are coming.
Battles of Lexington + ConcordBattle of Lexington
-1st battle of American Revolutionary war
-shot heard round the world- Ralph waldo
Second Continental Congress meetprint money
set up post office
created Continental Army led by George Washington
sent Olive Branch asking king to protect their rights
-king hires 30,000 Hessian's Soldiers in response.
Battle of bunker hillfought on Breeds Hill
don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes-William Prescott. British victory Americans ran out of ammunition British learn defeating Americans would not be easy.
Washington arrives on outskirts of boston with Continental troopsRealizes men are disorganized and need discipline
Common Sensepamphelt inspires more colonists to become patriots .
everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. the blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, TIs TIME TO PART- Thomas Paine , Common Sense
British Surrender BostonWashington believes his army is ready and weapons arrive.
Washington puts cannons on Dorchester Heights overlooking boston
British retreat- American victory .
Second Continental Congress meet againDebate on declaring independence
Thomas Jefferson is the primary author of the document
Second Continental Congress votes for independenceVoting on the Declaration of Independence. After much debate, the Second Continental Congress ultimately agreed to the Declaration of Independence, and then signed it on August 2, 1776, in the Pennsylvania State House.
Declaration of Independence singedTHE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE IS SINGED!!
Capture of fort TiconderogaBenedict Arnold and Ethan Allen capture the fort.
get all supplies in the fort including cannons.