1,000 Red coatsThe battle of the Dunes was a victory for a combined Anglo- French army commanded by the Vicomte de Turenne against the Spanish.
- Indirect acts tax ( out of sight = out of mind)
- Duties on molasses and sugar
Quarter ActThe province of New York assembly passed an act to provide for the quartering act of British regulars.
Stamp Act-Tax in all paper products
- Official stamp/seal on all paper items ( proof tax was paid)
- Legal documents
-Newspaper and Pamphlets
- playing cards and purchased only with valuable silver coins.
- If didn't purchase = fined or jailed and Protested Stamp Act, feeling rights were violated.
Repealing Stamp Act-Refusal to buy stamps or paper goods.
-Stamp Act Congress
- Parliament agrees to repeal ( get rid of) the Stamp acts
Townshend Acts-Taxes,glass,lead,paint,paper, and tea
- Searched for smuggled goods
- Sons of liberty start to do violent acts
- British Soldiers arrive to protect tax collectors
Boston MassacreThe Boston Massacre was a confrontation in Boston. In which a group of nine British Soldiers shot five people out of the crowd of three or four hundred who were harassing them verbally and throwing various projectiles.
Townshend Act Repealed-Due to tensions in colonies almost all of Townshend Acts are Repealed.
-Tea is continued to be taxed
- High demand for tea in colonies despite boycott
- Colonial merchants smuggled tea to avoid tax
- Pamphlet inspires more colonists to become patriots - “ Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of the slain, the weeeping voice of nature cries TIME TO PART”.- Thomas Paine, Common Sense
Tea Act-Passed 1773 and allowed the British East India company (BEIC) to sell tea directly to colonist.
- Lower prices than colonist merchant prices
- Tax Tea cheaper than smuggled tea
- Less smuggling = more tax money
- Colonial Merchants feared BEIC would put them out of business Boston Tea party
Members of sons of Liberty Dump over 340 chest of tea into Boston Harbor
“ Boston Harbor is a teapot tonight!”
Caused problems for loyalist/ Tories
Boston Tea Party
- Members of son of liberty dump over 340 chest of tea into boston harbor -" Boston harbor is a teapot tonight!
- Caused problems for loyalist/Tories
- Loyalist/ Tory= a person in the colony who remains" loyal to the king & Great Britain.
- Passed to punish Boston for Tea party - Boston Harbor Closed until tea paid for - Massachusetts Charter canceled - Royal officials had trial in Britain - Quartering Act required colonist to house soldiers - “ If a soldier comes Knocking at the door… You’re sleeping on the floor” - Large amount of land given to Quebec - General Thomas Gage became new governer
First Continental CongressAll Colonies but Georgia have representatives. Voted to send a " statement of grievances". Voted to Boycott all British trade. Patrick Henry- VA rep. urged colonists to unite against Britain.
Washington arrives at Boston with Continental TroopsGeneral George Washington arrived in the Boston area to take charge of the newly established Continental army. In early March 1776, Washington's men fortified Dorchester Heights, an elevated position just outside of Boston.N
2nd Continental Congress
- Debate on declaring independence
- Thomas Jefferson is the primary author of the document
- Debate on declaring independence
Midnight Ride of Paul RevereDr. Joseph Warren summoned Paul Revere and gave him the task of riding to Lexington, Massachusetts, with the news that British Soldiers stationed In Boston were about march into the the countryside northwest of the town .
Lexington & ConcordThe famous shot " heard round the world " marked the start of the America War of Independence.
Second Continental CongressAppointed George Washington commander in chief of the army. It was later approved.
Bunker HillAt the battle of Bunker Hill, early in the Revolutionary War, the British defeated the Americas. Despite their loss, the Inexperienced colonial forces Inflicted significant casualties against the enemy, and the battle provided them with an important confidence boost during the Siege of Boston.
British Surrender Boston
- Washington believes his army is ready & weapons arrive. - Washington puts cannons on Dorchester heights overlooking Boston. - BRITISH retreat- AMERICA Victory
Declaratory ActParliament declares it has power to make laws for the colonies " in all cases whatsoever".
Parliament passes this to save face
Votes for IndependenceThe Declaration of Independence is signed .
Declaration of Independence signedThe Declaration of Independence, the founding document of the United States, was approved by the Continental Congress
Fort TiconderogaThe America garrison evacuated Ticonderoga with the British advanced guard nipping at their heel.