Revolutionary Period

  • Beginning of Timeline

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    Albany Congress (Nick Falls)

    Representatives from seven of the thirteen colonies met together in Albany, New York. Representatives from Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island met with 150 Iroquian Leaders to discuss cooperations with the the colonists in war. The colonists wanted the Natives to help fight the French. They also discussed defensive measures against the French. A colonial alliance plan was formed by a design Benjamin Franklin made up.
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    Albany Congress (Continued) Nick Falls

    The plan was passed, but when the delegates went back to their colonies, the provincial legislatures would not pass it.
  • End of the French and Indian war (Thomas)

    End of the French and Indian war (Thomas)
    Most of the fighting between France and Britain in continental North America ended in 1760, while the fighting in Europe continued. The war in North America officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763. The war changed economic, political, governmental and social relations between three European powers (France, Britain and Spain) " and indian war"
  • End of French and Indian War (Cont.) Thomas

    End of French and Indian War (Cont.) Thomas
    their colonies and colonists, and the natives that inhabited the territories they claimed. France and Britain both suffered financially because of the war, with significant long-term consequences. Following the peace treaty, King George III issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763 on October 7, 1763. ""
  • Proclamation of 1763 (Samuel Stein)

    The main goal of this Proclamation was to prevent conflicts between the setllers and Native Americans. By not allowing lands north and west of the Appalachian Mountains to be settled the British thought there would be less conflicts.
  • Sugar Act (Nick Falls)

    The Sugar Act was updated version of the Sugar and Molasses Act of 1733. The tax on Molasses was cut in half from six pence to three pence, but was strictly enforced, unlike before. The new act also taxed more imports, including sugar and coffee. It also regulated the exporting of lumber and iron. The tax on Molasses caused a decline in the rum industry, because it was used to make rum. The regulation of the exports caused a decline in the amount of trade with other countries.
  • Sugar Act Continued (Nick Falls)

    Sugar Act Continued (Nick Falls)
    This act got the colonists ready to revolt the stamp act.
  • The Stamp Act (Samuel Stein)

    Created and presented to Parliament by George Grenville on February 6th, 1765. The bill was passed on February 17 and approved by the Lords on March 8th. This act asserted governmental authority over the colonies.
  • Stamp Act Congress (Yancey)

    Stamp Act Congress (Yancey)
    The Stamp Act Congress was a meeting held between October 7 and October 25 1765. The meeting was a direct result of the Stamp Act which would take effect in November 1 1765. The Congress was made up of delagates from nine of the 19 colonies. They met to form a unified protest against the British Taxation. The Congress was held in what would become the Federal Hall in New York City.( sources next )
  • The Declaratory Act (Owen)

    The Declaratory Act  (Owen)
    Once the Stamp act was repealed, parliament issued the Declaratory act. This act gave parliament the right to make all laws for the colonies. They wanted to as much control as possible.
  • The Townshend Act (Owen)

    The Townshend Act  (Owen)
    A series of laws that placed new taxes on glass, lead, paints, and paper. The tax also had a three penny tax on tea. The colonist boycotted and protested because it was taxation without representation.The Britished seized a ship for smuggling goods into the colonies. The colonist started a riot which caused 2,000 soldiers to be stationed within the colonies.
  • The Townshend Act cont. (Owen)

  • Boston Massacre - Taylor Locke

    Boston Massacre - Taylor Locke
    The Boston Massacre was started by tension being built up from when the Royal Troops came into Massachusetts. They came because they were trying to enforce the tax budren from theTownshend Acts. There was only five colonists killed by the British regulars. Ity all began when a snowball was thrown at the wronf person. There was only one remembered colonists killed and his name was Crispus Attucks. He was the first killed and was an African American.
  • Gaspee Affair Part One

    Gaspee Affair Part One
    The Gaspee Affair-
    The Sons of Liberty attacked a British ship (HMS Gaspee) , captained by William Duddington. Duddington patroled off shore of Rhode Island, often detaining colonist's ships and emptying them of cargo. A colonial captain on another ship instigated a "fight", and brought the Gaspee into shallow waters. John Brown lead an attack on the Gaspee along with 55 other men. When unexpected charges were brought against Duddington for illegally seizing merchant goods-Parliament was....
  • Gaspee Affair Part Two

    Gaspee Affair Part Two
    Outraged. England's courts tried to bring the perpetrators of the crime back to England for trial. However, all atempts worked to no avail. the perpetrators, (though everyone knew who had been involved), were never arrested or charged with their crimes. Heather Dunbar -Info
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    The Tea Act set the final steps of the Revolution in motion.
    This act passed by parliament so that the East India Company could sell 18 million pounds of tea. The tea did not impose any new taxes-and was actually sold at half price. The trouble was that the half priced tea was taking bussiness away from local merchants. This act contributed to the Boston Tea Party incident.
    By: Heather Dunbar
  • Boston Tea Party (Kyle King)

    Boston Tea Party (Kyle King)
    A group of colonists who painted their faces to look like Indians. They then bordered ships in the Boston Harbor and threw tea ocverboard into the water. Boston's commerce was then closed until all the unpaid damage was paid. In response to this the Intolerable Acts were put in to place. The Boston Tea Party was a key event in the growth of the American Revolution.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    The Intolerable Acts were a response by Parliment for the organized destruction of British property. These acts were a result from the Boston Tea Party. One law shut down Boston Harbor due to the fact that colonists refused to pay for the damage. The colonists formed the First Continental Congress to create a declaration of colonial rights. If demands were not met they would meet again in May 1775.
    (Kayla Hannah)
  • The Quartering Act (Joshua Mallory)

    The Quartering Act was part of a series of laws. These laws became known as the Intolerable Acts. This quartering act was the second one placed upon the colonies, the first being after the French and Indian War. The Quartering Act gave the British commanders authority to house soldiers in vacant private homes and other buildings. The Quartering Act began in June of 1774 and ended on the March 24, 1776.
  • The Quartering Act (Joshua Mallory) {Continued}

    This act angered the colonists even more and was a catalyst in the assembling of the First Continental Congress. (Textbook &
  • First Continental Congress (Kyle King)

    First Continental Congress (Kyle King)
    A convention of delegates met i Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. There were 56 delegates from 12 colonies that attended. The exception being from the Province of Georgia. They were to discuss the passage of the Intolerable Acts. The Intolerable Acts was in response to the Boston Tea Party.
  • Patrick Henry's Speech- Jenna

    Patrick Henry's Speech- Jenna
    Patrick Henry's Speech was at St. John's Henrico Parish Church in Richmond. He was talking to the Second Virginia Convention. The speech urges colonists to arm in self-defense, and to fight for our freedom. His most famous words were "give me liberty, or give me death!" Our freedom is a huge result of Henry's speech.
  • Paul Revere's Ride (Kayla Hannah)

    Paul Revere's Ride (Kayla Hannah)
    On April 18, Paul Revere rode to Lexington, Massachusetts to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock that British soldiers were on their way to arrest them. Revere was sent by Dr. Joseph Warren. Revere was a humble silversmith who was also a member of the Sons of Liberty. He organized a group of riders to help him. They had pre-arranged signals as warnings such church bells and gunshots.
    textbook page 100-101
  • Paul Revere's Ride continued

  • Battle of Lexington and Concord - Taylor Locke

    Battle of Lexington and Concord - Taylor Locke
    The British troops were sent to take in John Hancock and Samuel Adams. They already knew about this attack, because Paul Reverve went riding through Concord warning everyone the British were coming.Thanks to Reverve for warning everyone the minutemen were read in a minute. When the British actually came the minutemen ( Americans ) were ready to fight. There is no record of who had the first
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord Cont.

    shots fired. There was many minutemen killed by the
    British. The British then found of that Adams and Hancock had escaped , so they went to find more ammunition. While doing this they ran into some minutemen which then turned out to a huge fight. This is know as , "the shot heard round the world, " because this began the Revolutionary War.
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    The Second Continental Congress (Megan All)

    The first meeting of the Secod Continental Congress was on May 10, 1775 in Philadelphia. Sam Adams, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, Patrick Henry, and George Washington were some of the members, They decided tp gp slowly on the issue of their independance. They established George Washington as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 17, the same day as the Battle of Bunker Hill. They also passed a "Declaration of Causes of Taking up Arms."
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    The Second Continental Congress (Megan All) Cont.

    InformationDatesThat law allowed the Colonists to fight with weapons against the British. The Second Continental Congress managed to stay intact all through out the Revolutionary War. They finally disbanned on March 6, 1781, when the Articles of Confederation formed.
  • The Battle of Bunker Hill (Megan All)

    The Battle of Bunker Hill (Megan All)
    On June 17, 1775 the colonial militia of Massachusetts farmers fortified Breed's Hill, right next to Bunker Hill, which ensures the battle was incorrectly named. The battle lasted from three-thirthy to about five-thirty. British forces attacked the colonists' position and managed to take the hill, suffering over a thousand calusities. American casualties were much less, suffering less than five hundred. The Americans had showed the British that they could stand up against them in open combat,
  • The Battle of Bunker Hill (Megan All) Cites

  • Olive Branch Petition- Storm

    Olive Branch Petition- Storm
    The Olive Branch Petition was a petition from the moderate delegates in the colonies who did not want to fight a war with Britiain. They hoped they could peacefully resolve their issues with Britain. They sent this letter to King George III, telling them of all the abuses parliment had caused. It became the Olive Branch Petiton because it was a offer of reconciliation to the King. It was written by Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Johnson, John Rutledge, John Jay and William Livingston.
  • Common Sense Published (Thomas)

    Common Sense Published (Thomas)
    Common Sense is a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine. It was first published anonymously on January 10, 1776, during the American Revolution. Common Sense was signed "Written by an Englishman", and became a success in the colonies. It had the largest sale and circulation of any book in American history. Common Sense presented the American colonists with an argument for freedom from British rule.
  • Common Sense Cont. (Thomas)

    Common Sense Cont. (Thomas)
    an argument for freedom from British rulePaine wrote and reasoned in a style that common people understood; using philosophy and Latin references used by Enlightenment writers. Paine used biblical references to reach his audience.
  • British Occupy New York City (Jordan Beckner)

    British Occupy New York City (Jordan Beckner)
    After retreating from Boston in 1776, the British decided to take control of New York City. General Howe and Admiral Howe sailed to New York in the summer of 1776 with 32,000 soldiers. These soldiers largely consisted of Germans which the Americans called Hessians. Washington got 23,000 troops to go and defend New York City, but these soldiers were inexperienced and had poor weaponry.
  • Brittish Occupy New York City (continued)

    Brittish Occupy New York City (continued)
    The Americans retreated toward the end of August.
    Book, pg. 114
    Picture from:
  • Virginia Declaration of Rights {Tiller}

    Virginia Declaration of Rights {Tiller}
    The VA Declaration of Rights was written for the people's freedom; most of the lines deal with equality for the people of Virginia. Also relating to the freedom of the people, the government was a concern on this document. Natural rights were a definite concern for the this declaration. The other concern by the
    Picture Link
  • VA Declaration of Rights continued (Amber)

    VA Declaration of Rights continued (Amber)
    people was that the Constitution would fail them, so ultimately they wanted their rights stated out which eventually lead to the Bill of Rights. (TEXTBOOK)
  • Virginia Constitutiion Adopted (Amber)

    Virginia Constitutiion Adopted (Amber)
    This document is essentially the VA Declaration of Rights with a new name. Since the VA Declaration of Rights later led to the Bill of Rights, the government decided to take the Bill of Rights to a national level. Now the Bill of Rights was the example for an American government. The Bill of Rights gave the powers of the people to have a stable government, The Bill of Rights still stands today. info link<a href='
  • The Reading of the Declaration of Independence Jenna

    The Reading of the Declaration of Independence Jenna
    The Declaration of Independence was read on a Monday by Col. John Nixon. John Nixon was apart of the Philadelphia Committee of Saftey. It was read at the State House in Philadelphia, and was read again that day to the militia on the Commons. Bells were rung thoughout the city all day along with shouts and muskets being fired. Also that day, the document was read in Easton, Philadelphia and Trenton, New Jersey.
  • Washington Crosses the Deleware (Joshua Mallory)

    Washington Crosses the Deleware (Joshua Mallory)
    On Christmas Night, 1776 George Washington decided to perform a risky attack. During a fierce storm, Washington led 2,400 men in small row boats across the ice-choked Deleware River. His men then marched nine miles through the freezing weather to Trenton, New Jersey. The Hessians, unsuspecting of an attack, were caught offguard and quickly overwhelmed. Americans killed thirty enemies and took 918 captive, as well as acquiring six Hessian cannons.
  • Washington Crosses the Deleware (Joshua Mallory) {Continued}

    This, as well as other astonishing victories, encouraged Washington and his troops. (Textbook Picture:
  • Battle of Brandywine

    Battle of Brandywine
    The Battle of Brandywine was fought on September 11, 1777. American troops under General George Washington tried to stop British troops under generals William Howe and Charles Cornwalis from reaching Philadelphia, which was at the time the temporary American capital. Howe with 18,000 men went to the American post at Brandywine Creek. They attacked Washington and his 11,000 men, and Washington backtracked to Chester Pennsylvania. 600 British died and there were 900 American dead and wounded,
  • Battle of Brandywine, cont'd

    Battle of Brandywine, cont'd
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    The Battles of Saratoga By: Kayla Sloggett

    The Battles of Saratoga are considered the turning point of the Revolutionary War. They were two seperate batlles fought eighteen days apart, in hope of dividing New England from the southern colonies. During the first battle, Benedict Arnold anticpated the British attack and sent out troops. On October 7, after Arnold encouraged the troops, British forces were fought back to positions held before the first battle. This lose cause the British to change battle tactics, they began to keep troops
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    Battles of Saratoga Cont.

    closer to the suppies and "big guns". With this defeat the colonists proved to the French that the colonists were dependable enough to supply with troops, which greatly increased the size of the resistance forces.
  • The Articles of Confederation was Adopted (Megan Meadows)

    The Articles of Confederation was Adopted (Megan Meadows)
    The articles of confederation was in all adopted in search of ways for the USA to become its own country. It was adopted in 1777 on November 15. The articles needed aproval from all the states before it could be recongnized. The articles didn't ensure the states would send people to serve military. But, the articles did serve as a basis of government for the starting USA. The articles were soon replaced for what we know today as the United States Constitution in 1789.
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    Wintering at Valley Forge (Kayla Sloggett)

    After failing to defend Philadelphia, Washington and his troops marched to Valey Forge, to regroup and camp through the winter. Washington chose Valley Forge because it was close to Philadelphia, and it was on high ground and close to a river which made it easy to defend. The soliders had to live in tents for the first few months, they didn't finish building huts until Feburary. Baron Friedrich von Steuben arrived and improved the troops fighting skills. Washington's troops left Valley Forge
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    Wintering at Valley Forge Cont.

  • Treaty of Alliance with France - Olivia Williamson

    Treaty of Alliance with France - Olivia Williamson
    The Treaty of Alliance with France was written by Benjamin Franklin, along with a group of commisioners. It involved the United States and France. It existed because the United States and France didn't want to have peace with Britain until the independence of the Americas was recognized. It was also a mutual alliance that the US would aid France if England attacked. The British formally recognized the United States' independence on March 13, 1778.
  • British occupy Savannah Georgia by Darren

    British occupy Savannah Georgia by Darren
    British occupy Savannah Georgia from December 29, 1778. A group from Clinton’s army led by Lieutenant Colonel Archibald Campbell, went down to the south to get support from the loyalists. While they were down there they got hold of the South’s capital. They held it until late in the war; the exact date is unknown.
  • Spain declares war on Britain - June 21, 1779

    Spain declares war on Britain - June 21, 1779
    The Spanish king (King Charles the third) refused to form an alliance with the colonists because it was unwise to encourage the revolt of another world power’s colonies. Eventually a French Foreign Minister (Charles Gravier) was able to negotiate a treaty with Spain to get them to join the war against the British. The Spanish were able to endorse the revolt, but the endorsed it from a diplomatic distance.
  • Spain declares war on Britain - June 21,1779 cont.

    Spain’s entry in the Revolutionary war guaranteed the British would need to be even more careful with their resources. The Spanish ultimately wanted to gain boarders in North America by joining in the war. Info: Pic: By: Madison Rhodes
  • John Paul Jones captures the Serapis - September 23, 1779

    John Paul Jones captures the Serapis - September 23, 1779
    John Paul Jones’s most famous battle took place on September 23, 1779. Jones fought the Serapis and the Countess of Scarborough (a British ship). The Serapis was far more equipped and had much more fire power than Jones’s ship (the Bonhomme Richard).The battled took place on millpond seas and lasted about 3 and half hours. Jones had had to use wit and skill to defeat the Serapis. In the end Jones ship was sunk, but Jones had already moved himself and his crew over to the Serapis.
  • John Paul Jones captures the Serapis - September 23, 1779 cont.

    John Paul Jones captures the Serapis - September 23, 1779 cont.
    crew over to the Serapis. Jones and his men took over the Serapis and captured 500 prisoners. Info: Pic: By: Madison Rhodes
  • British Capture Charleston (Jordan Beckner)

    British Capture Charleston (Jordan Beckner)
    The British decided that after it conquered an area it would keep a group of loyalists to keep the area under British control. This idea worked really well in Georgia and they would hope it would work in other places. The British army taking Charleston was a huge success. The British set up forts, but they did not have enough troops to stay in Charleston.
  • British Capture Charleston (continued)

    British Capture Charleston (continued)
    The loyalists that lived in Charleston were getting attacked by patriots, but the British could not protect them.
    Info from:
    Picture from:
  • Battle at Guilford Courthouse (Yancey)

    Battle at Guilford Courthouse (Yancey)
    The Battle of Guilford Courthouse was faught in Greensboro North Carolina. Greensboro was the County seat of Guilford County. The British's stratagy was to conquer the South by Destroying Nathaniels Green's army. However, Green was not going to give the British a traditional fight. Instead, the Americans strategicly skirmished and then retreated several times. After the long and obstinate battle the British leader Charles Cornwallis withdrew his army and headed back to the British base in (cont)
  • Battle of Yorktown - Olivia Williamson

    Battle of Yorktown - Olivia Williamson
    The Battle of Yorktown lasted twenty days in the American Revolution. During the twenty days of this battle, Washington had an advantage over the British, in knowing where they were headed. He made it impossible for the British to pass the Chesapeake Bay with help from the French. Cornwallis, a British General, knew there was no hope. He signed forms of surrender on October 17, 1781. The signing of the Treaty of Paris officially ended the war in 1783.
  • Treaty of Paris is signed (Megan Meadows)

    Treaty of Paris is signed (Megan Meadows)
    The Treat of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783. The signing put an end to the Revolutionary War. After the signing, Britain recongnized America as an independent nation. The treaty was signed in Paris by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay. The treaty did a numerous amount of effects. It set new borders in the US and and ended the French and Indian War. The Treaty also set fishing rights, restored loyalist land, and opened the Mississippi River up to everyone.
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    Annapolis Convention- Storm

    This was a meeting that included 12 delegates from 5 states. They met to fix the problem of limited trade made under the Articles of Confederation. However, the delegates felt that there was not enough states present. They made a report which was sent to Congress, that a new meeting in Philidephia next May would be held. They hoped more states would be present.
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