Renaissance Timeline E.J.N, 6

  • Period: 1091 to 1296

    The Crusades

    The Crusades were a series of religious wars between the Christians and Muslims. The war started to secure and control holy sites that were considered "sacred" by both of the groups.
  • 1096

    The First Crusade

    In august 1096, Four armies of Crusaders were formed from troops of different Western European regions.In May 1097, the Crusaders and their Byzantine allies attacked Nicea, now known as Iznik, Turkey.
  • 1147

    The Second Crusade

    After the first crusade they felt they succeeded in their goal, so most crusaders departed home. "To govern the conquered territory, those who remained established four large western settlements, or Crusader states, in Jerusalem, Edessa, Antioch and Tripoli."
  • 1187

    The Third Crusade

    The third crusade was based upon the western European Christians in an attempt to retake the Crusader states in the Levant that had fallen to Muslim leader Saladin in 1187 as a result of his victory in the Battle of Hattin.
  • 1347

    The Caffan Ship

    As a Caffan ship docks I Sicily, the plague killed half of the population and moved to Messina. One third of the population ended up dead by the following summer
  • Period: 1347 to 1352

    The Black Death

    The Black Death was, a very fast spreading and deadly disease, better known as the "Bubonic Plague". the disease killed many many people.
  • 1349

    The Massacres Of The Jews

    One of the worst massacres of Jews during the Black Death took place on Valentine’s Day in Strasbourg, with about 2,000 Jewish people being burned alive. In the spring, 3,000 Jews defend themselves in Mainz against Christians but are overcome and slaughtered.
  • 1352

    The Outcome Of Black Death

    Nearly 700 years after the Black Death swept through Europe, it still haunts the world as the worst-case scenario for an epidemic. The disease went untreated for a very long time and wiped out about 50 percent of Europe.
  • Period: 1400 to 1495

    Early Renaissance

    The Early Renaissance was the beginning of many new discoveries in science, new art forms in writing, painting, and sculpture, and state funded explorations of distant lands.
  • 1403

    The 15th Century

    The beginning of the 15th century, around 1403. Leonardo Bruni offered his Panegyric to the City of Florence, describing a city where freedom of speech, self-government, and equality reigned.
  • Period: 1434 to

    Age Of Exploration

    The Age of Exploration, is a term given to the period of European exploration in Africa, Asia, and the Americas.
  • 1452

    Leonardo da Vinci

    In 1452, the artist, humanist, scientist, and naturalist Leonardo da Vinci was born. Leonardo grew up to invent many things such as, the flying machine, the parachute and the revolving bridge.
  • 1492

    The 16th Century

    The last quarter of the 16th century witnessed an explosion of important sailing discoveries in the Age of Exploration. Bartolomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488, and Columbus reached the Bahamas in 1492.
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus lands in the Caribbean

    Spain decided to finance Christopher Columbus' voyage to find a western trade route to Asia. Columbus lands in the Caribbean in 1492, convinced he has reached East Asia.
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Portugal claims Brazil.

    In the Treaty of Tordesillas, Portugal claimed Brazil and issued grants of land to Portuguese nobles. European settlers moved to Brazil to farm brazilwood and sugar.
  • 1496

    The Facts Of The High Renaissance

    The High Renaissance was centered in Rome, and lasted from about 1490 to 1527, with the end of the period marked by the Sack of Rome. Painters during this period were influenced by classical art, and their works were harmonious.
  • Period: 1496 to 1527

    High Renaissance

    The High Renaissance was known as the period in the overall Renaissance in Europe as having reached the pinnacle, or zenith, of artistic works created.
  • 1504

    The Mona Lisa

    Leonardo da Vinci started painting the Mona Lisa in around 1503 or 1504 in the Italian city, The project took Leonardo about 4 years according to his biographer.
  • Aug 24, 1511

    Portugal seizes Malacca

    After da Gama's success in setting up a trading post, the Portuguese began to capture key ports around the Indian Ocean. In 1511 they seized Malacca, which allowed them to ally with Asian leaders and establish a major foothold in Asian trade routes.
  • Period: 1517 to 1555

    Protestant Reformation

    The Protestant Reformation was a religious reform movement that swept through Europe in the 1500s.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    The Beginning Of The Protestant Reformation

    The Protestant Reformation began in Wittenberg, Germany in 1517, when Martin Luther, a teacher and a monk, published a document he called Disputation on the Power of Indulgences, better known as 95 Theses.
  • 1527

    The Fall Of Rome

    The Renaissance ended with the fall of Rome in 1527. The strains between Christian faith and Classical humanism led to Mannerism in the latter part of the 16th century.
  • Period: 1527 to

    Late Renaissance

    The Late Renaissance, often also called the Mannerist period, is characterized by artworks that typically took other works of art as models.
  • 1545

    Renaissance Creativity

    Many Renaissance thinkers feared being too bold, which slowed down the creativity. "Furthermore, in 1545, the Council of Trent established the Roman Inquisition, which made humanism and any views that challenged the Catholic church an act of heresy punishable by death."
  • 1550

    The Importance Of The Scientific Revolution

    The Scientific Revolution led to the creation of new knowledge systems, social hierarchies, and networks of thinkers. It also affected production and distribution.
  • Period: 1550 to

    Scientific Revolution

    This is considered to be the first great modern work of science and the foundation of modern biology.
  • Mannerism

    Mannerism is a sixteenth century style of art and design characterized by artificiality, elegance and sensuous distortion of the human figure.
  • Separatists

    Around 1607, some of the separatists tried to start the new lives they imagined in Holland, in the Netherlands. It eventually failed and many of the separatists returned to England.
  • Messenger Of The Heavens

    Galileo Published Messenger Of The Heavens Galileo's 24-page booklet describing his telescopic observations of the moon's surface, and of Jupiter's moons, making the Church uneasy.
  • The Significance Of The Renaissance

    The Renaissance was a fervent period of European cultural, artistic, political and economic. Following the Middle Ages, Generally described as taking place from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classical philosophy, literature and art.
  • English Separatist

    By 1620 members of the English Separatist Church were ready for a second try at establishing a new life and church. Many set sail aboard the "Mayflower" for New England and when they landed, they eventually became known as pilgrims.
  • The Cause Of The Scientific Revolution

    The Scientific Revolution was caused by a shift in the way people viewed the world and its future. These shifts included the willingness to accept our own ignorance, an emphasis on math and observation, the desire for imperial dominance, and the new belief in progress.