Critical Space StationsYEARS ARE ALL OVER THE PLACE!!!
The SkylabProgram Name: The Skylab
Mission: For research
Significance: American's first spacecraft to ever go into space.
No significant date
ALL OVER THE PLACE
Significant Spacecraft and Missions:
Columbia: April 12, 1981
Atlantis: July 21, 2011
Sputnik, Mercury, and GeminiProgram Name: The Sputnik, Mercury, and Gemini Programs
Spacecraft: The Sputnik, Mercury, and Gemini
Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957
Pioneer MissionProgram Name: Pioneer Mission
Mission: Studied Venus, Jupiter, and the Moon
Spacecraft: Pioneer 1-12
Significance: Took the best pictures of space and studied the Moon.
Pioneer 1 was launched into space on August 17, 1958
The Venera ProbesProgram Name: The Venera Mission
Mission: To study Venus
Spacecraft: The Venera Probes 1-15 (No #3)
Significance: Collected Venus material and brought it back
Program started from February 12, 1961 to July 10, 1984
The Mariner ProgramProgram Name: The Mariner Program
Mission: To take pictures of the solar system.
Spacecraft: Mariner 1-10
Significance: Traveled to Venus and were the first to take pictures in space.
First Mariner was launched on July 22, 1962
The SalyutProgram Name: The Salyut
Mission: To break records in space
Spacecraft: The Salyut
Significance: Maybe the first spacecraft to ever go into low Earth orbit.
Launched on April 19, 1971
The Viking SpacecraftProgram Name: The Viking
Mission: To study Mars and take pictures
Spacecraft: The Viking Spacecraft 1 and 2
Significance: Studied Mars and took pictures.
Viking 1 takes its first picture on July 20, 1976
The Voyager ProbesProgram Name: The Voyager Missions
Mission: To observe the planets in our solar system
Spacecraft: The Voyager Probes 1-12
Significance: Searched for life on other planets; found none
Voyager 1 launched September 5, 1977
MirProgram Name: Mir
Mission: To set space records
Significance: The Soviet Union/Russia created the Mir, which had followed the success of the Salyut
Launched on February 20, 1986
Magellan SpacecraftProgram Name: The Magellan Spacecraft
Mission: To gain information about Venus.
Spacecraft: The Magellan Spacecraft
Significance: Almost fully mapped out Venus and it's geographical structure.
Launched on May 4, 1989
Galileo SpacecraftProgram Name: Galileo Spacecraft Mission
Mission: To observe Jupiter
Spacecraft: The Galileo Spacecraft
To observe Jupiter and take pictures of Jupiter and its moons. Gathered information of Jupiter's surface and chemicals.
Launched off on October 18, 1989
Hubble Space TelescopeProgram Name: The Hubble Program
Mission: Launched to study galaxies and the solar system.
Spacecraft: The Hubble Space Telescope
Significance: Helped our understanding of galaxies.
Launched on April 25th, 1990. Even now, the Hubble Space Telescope is still collecting data.
NEAR MissionProgram Name: The NEAR Mission
Mission: To orbit and land on an asteroid
Spacecraft: NEAR Shoemaker
Significance: Learned more about asteroids
Landed on the asteroid on February 17, 1996
Mars Exploration RoverProgram Name: Mars Exploration Rover
Mission: To explore the surface of Mars.
Spacecraft: The Mars Exploration Rover
Significance: Took pictures of Mars, and collected samples from Mars.
Sojourner, the first US rover landed on Mars on July 4, 1997
Cassini MissionProgram Name: The Cassini Mission
Mission: The main task was to explore Saturn and its major moons, such as Titan
Spacecraft: The Cassini Spacecraft
To gather data of Saturn and its moons. Explored Titan, one of the moons, and found several interesting facts
Launched off on October 15, 1997
Genesis SpacecraftProgram Name: Genesis Spacecraft Project
Mission: To gather solardust and solarwind
Spacecraft: The Genesis Spacecraft
To observe the sun and take samples of solarwind and solardust. Wanted to learn more about the Sun.
Launched off on August 8, 2001