Post-Romanticism Music Era

  • Invention of the Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell invented a form of long distance communication.
  • The Practice of Impressionism

    Dissonance is music started to occur with the presence of unresolved 7th's and 9th's within works. Parallel movement was found prominently in chords, as it was though to add color to pieces. Ninth chords were played as well as whole tone scales.
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    Approaching the 1900's

    As music began moving towards the 1900's, Romanticism started dying down and composers such as Brahms, Schumann, Chopin, Wagner, and Dvorak began making work that contradicted the style and aesthetic of Romantic music.
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    Maximalism

    German based speaking areas. It included a large amount of chromaticism within its music and was thick in texture while played by large groups of musicians. There are many complex themes and motives written. There is some controversy regarding the name because it is also used as a title for an art period as opposed to music in 1970. The art inherits the rich and complex themes into their pieces.
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    Impressionism

    Based in France, it is very anti-German. In music, it disregarded any composition rules. Composers included Debussy, Delius, Respighi, and occasionally Ravel. There is no bouts of heroic behavior and it is supposed to give listeners food for though, as it plays on events that are intended to make people feel certain emotions.
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    Composers of Maximalism

    Important additions to symphony work was made by Gustav Mahler. He incorporated aspects of non-Western cultural music into his own, he was so successful with his music that he was deemed the heir of Beethoven and Mozart. Another German composer by the name of Richard Strauss was also an important figure, famous for his Opera "Elektra" written in 1909. He expanded on Wagner's use of chromaticism. He had large orchestrations of music and pushes extreme harmonic chromaticism harshly.
  • Rendition of the First Car

    A form of efficient, long distance traveling was first build by Henry Ford.
  • Impressionism Composer Claude Debussy

    Claude Debussy (born 1862, died 1918) was one of the most prominent figures in impressionism. His piece "Prelude to 'The Afternoon of a Faun'" was released in 1894 during the spawn of Impressionism. The flute part was written to represent the faun, who is half goat half man. The work is a tone poem pulled from a poem by Stephane Mallarme. Any association with German music was avoided in these works.
  • First Airplane Flight

    The first time an airplane was successfully flown and operated by the Wright Brothers.
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    Expressionism Composer Igor Stravinsky

    One of the most eclectic musicians of this time period, Stravinsky's (1882-1971) style is often changing and evolving with every work. He started playing piano and taking lessons when he was just nine years old and began collaborating with important musicians, such as Sergei Diaghilev, in 1909. His style was described as harsh, complex, and brash. He would often recycle his own ideas and had tonal music but with some elements of sharp dissonance.
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    Expressionism

    German speaking areas, came to an end when the Nazi party rose. It focused on breaking composition rules and having atonality. Some composers are Arnold Shoenberg, Alban Berg, and Anton Webern. The idea that all tones are equal, meaning that there is no "home pitch" was expressed during this period. It was also allude to other cultures and non-Western traits within expressionism works.
  • Stravinsky's "The Rite of Spring"

    A ballet that included themes of Russian paganism and consisted of two parts. The dances were very unconventional, awkward, and even described as flat-footed on stage, they sported minimal and promiscuous clothing. The music and orchestration behind it was described as rhythmically intense and was produced with a drive of force and intensity. This piece was so controversial at the time that it was deemed "X-rated". This work was scoffed at by many and even caused a riot.
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    World War 1

    A conflict in between international territories that lasted roughly more than four years. Europe were large participants.
  • The Start of WW2

    Germany invades Poland and initiates the second world war almost twenty-one years after the first world war.