Post -1900s Era (1930-2000)

By kon777
  • Gustav Mahler

    Gustav Mahler was credited for making important expansions to symphonies and Lieder and also utilized aspects of the music of non-Western cultures.
  • Duke Ellington

    Duke Ellington, real name: Edward Kennedy Ellington was in the major band leader in the swing era in the 1930s and then the big band of the 1940s. Ellington house “Cotton club” was an upscale nightclub in Harlem where many celebrities, tourists and high society went.
  • Scott Joplin

    Joplin raised in Texarkana, Joplin was known for his music style Ragtime. One of his famous works “ Maple Leaf Rag”.
  • Claude Debussy

    Debussy was the most important French composer of the early century: credited with composing the first modern orchestral work such as “Prelude a “L’apres-midi d’un faune.
  • Origins of the Les Six

    Auric, Honegger, Milhaud, and Tailleferre attended the Conservatoirs de Paris together. Henri Collet made the name Les Six in a French jouranl Commedia in 1920
  • Peter and the wolf

    A commission to create music that would help cultivate musical taste in young children
  • Maurice Ravel

    Another famous French composer, Ravel was credited such as writing the first impressionist piano piece.
  • Robert Nathaniel Dett 1943

    Nathaniel graduated from Oberlin and Eastman school of music under the works of pianist and helped found the National Association of Negro Musicians
  • Richard Strauss

    Richard Strauss was a German composer who supported of Wanger’s use of chromaticism expanded, Strauss was known for his tone poems and operas such as Salome and Elektra
  • Arnold Schonberg

    Schonberg was an Austrian composer, theorist, spent his years in Vienna. Studied violin at age 8 and by age of 10 Schonberg was arranging music.
  • Tod Machover

    Machover spend five years in Paris at Boulez computer lab which he studied of exploring interactions between performers and computers. Machover wrote the opera called VALIS in 1986.
  • Sergei Prokofiev

    Prokofiev was a Russian composer, worked on orchestral pieces, piano works and films music. One of his famous work was the “Peter and the wolf”
  • Charles Ives

    Ives was one of the most innovative and original composers and one of the greatest American composers of the first 10th century. Ives third symphony won the Pulitzer prize in 1947
  • Arthur Honegger (les Six members)

    Born to Swiss parents, Honegger composed most of his works on commission and appreciated the architecture of music
  • Billie Holiday 1959

    Billie Holiday was one of the leading female jazz singers. Holiday broke racial barriers by performing with white bands and known for her renditions of blues songs
  • LES SIX members

    The members of the les Six, Georges Auric, Louis Durey, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milaud, Francis Poulenc, and Germaine Tailleferre
  • Francis Poulenc (les Six members)

    Born in Paris, learned music in his own but had musical tutors, traveled to meet Webern and Berg to accepted for his music but was denied.
  • Igor Stravinsky

    Studied piano at the age of 9, but his parents forbade him to pusre in the musical career, studied in law with a graduated. In 1909, Stravinsky collaborating with Sergei Diaghilev.
  • Darius Milhaud (les Six members)

    Born on the southern coast of France, studied works Debussy, immedialtly rejected Impressionism, became close friedns with Tailleferre, traved to Brazil with Claudel and American jazz helped to influenced his work
  • William Grant Still

    Still was the first Black American composer to have his symphony and opera performed by a major ensemble and to conduct a major symphony. Still studied at the New England Conservatory and Oberlin Conservatory.
  • Louis Durey (les Six members)

    Born in Paris, Durey instigated the first Les Six album, wrote songs for the French Resistance during the WWII and wrote the Vietnamese themes in the 1960 as to protest of the war.
  • Georges Auric (les Six members)

    Born in southern France, studied composition in Paris with Satie’s teachers, did work such as Neo-classicist, film-music, Ran SACEM and music journalist
  • Aaron Copland

    Copland was a composer, professor, critic, conductor and sponsor of concerts. Taught at Harvard, gave lectures and conducted festivals in American schools
  • John Cage

    Cage innovated many modern compositional techniques and helped change the definition of music to “organized sound”
  • Gyorgy Ligeti

    Ligeti was a Hungarian composer, Ligeti studieds active in electronic music and with his stuides, his works became known for his choral music such as the “Space Odyssey”
  • Karlheniz Stockhausen

    Stockhausen was a German composers who made innovations in electronic music and other types of experimental music
  • Milton Babbitt

    Babbitt was an American composer, music, wrote the article for High Fidelity magazine “ The composer as Specialist” then later in his years, Babbitt published “Who cares if you listen”
  • Pierre Boulez

    Boulez was the most important composer/ conductor of the French acant-grade.