OT Chronology in the ANE Context

Timeline created by lukecaj
In History
  • 2,296 BCE

    Birth of Terah

  • 2,166 BCE

    Birth of Abram

  • 2,091 BCE

    Abram’s departure from Haran

  • 2,081 BCE

    Abram’s marriage to Hagar

  • 2,080 BCE

    Birth of Ishmael

  • 2,067 BCE

    Reaffirmation of the covenant

  • 2,067 BCE

    Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah

  • 2,066 BCE

    Birth of Isaac

  • 2,029 BCE

    Death of Sarah

  • 2,026 BCE

    Marriage of Isaac

  • 2,006 BCE

    Birth of Jacob and Esau

  • 1,991 BCE

    Death of Abraham

  • 1,966 BCE

    Marriage of Esau

  • 1,943 BCE

    Death of Ishmael

  • 1,930 BCE

    Jacob’s journey to Haran

  • 1,923 BCE

    Jacob’s marriages

  • 1,919 BCE

    Birth of Judah

  • 1,916 BCE

    End of Jacob’s fourteen-year labor for his wives

  • 1,916 BCE

    Birth of Joseph

  • 1,910 BCE

    End of Jacob’s stay with Laban

  • 1,910 BCE

    Jacob’s arrival at Shechem

  • 1,902 BCE

    Rape of Dinah

  • 1,900 BCE

    Marriage of Judah

  • 1,899 BCE

    Selling of Joseph

  • 1,889 BCE

    Joseph imprisoned

  • 1,889 BCE

    Joseph released

  • 1,886 BCE

    Death of Isaac

  • 1,878 BCE

    Brothers’ first visit to Egypt

  • 1,877 BCE

    Judah’s incest with Tamar

  • 1,877 BCE

    Brothers’ second visit to Egypt

  • 1,876 BCE

    Jacob’s descent to Egypt

  • 1,859 BCE

    Death of Jacob

  • 1,806 BCE

    Death of Joseph

  • 1,446 BCE

    The Exodus

  • 1,406 BCE

    Crossing the Jordan

  • 1,366 BCE

    Joshua dies

  • 1,104 BCE

    Ark captured by Philistines at Battle of Aphek

  • 1,084 BCE

    Battle of Mizpah

  • 1,041 BCE

    David born

  • 1,029 BCE

    Samuel anoints David

  • 1,011 BCE

    David anointed king over Judah in Hebron

  • 1,004 BCE

    David anointed king over Israel and the conquest of Jerusalem

  • -992 BCE

    David commits adultery with Bathsheba

  • -991 BCE

    Solomon born

  • -987 BCE

    Amnon rapes Tamar

  • -985 BCE

    Absalom murders Amnon

  • -979 BCE

    David builds palace

  • -977 BCE

    David builds a tabernacle and moves the ark to Jerusalem

  • -976 BCE

    Absalom’s rebellion and David’s exile

  • -975 BCE

    David takes a census

  • -931 BCE

    United Kingdom splits into Divided Kingdom

  • -880 BCE

    Israel’s capital moved from Tirzah to Samaria

  • -855 BCE

    Elijah anointed Elisha

  • -763 BCE

    Assyrian eclipse

  • -722 BCE

    The fall of the Samaria and the Northern Kingdom of Israel

  • -630 BCE

    Zephaniah

  • -622 BCE

    Book of the Law recovered

  • -612 BCE

    The fall of Nineveh

  • -607 BCE

    Habakkuk

  • -605 BCE

    Judah’s first exile to Babylon

  • -605 BCE

    The fall of Egypt at the Battle of Carchemish

  • -605 BCE

    Judah’s first exile to Babylon

  • -597 BCE

    Judah’s second exile to Babylon

  • -597 BCE

    Judah’s second exile to Babylon

  • -588 BCE

    Nebuchadnezzar began a siege against Jerusalem

  • -587 BCE

    Obadiah

  • -586 BCE

    The fall of Jerusalem, the destruction of the Temple, and Judah’s third exile to Babylon

  • -539 BCE

    The fall of Babylon

  • -539 BCE

    Cyrus II entered Babylon in peace

  • -538 BCE

    The first return from exile under Sheshbazzar/Zerubbabel

  • -520 BCE

    Haggai

  • -515 BCE

    Zerubbabel’s Temple completed

  • -458 BCE

    The second return from exile under Ezra

  • -445 BCE

    The third return from exile under Nehemiah

  • -430 BCE

    Nehemiah begins governing

  • -430 BCE

    Malachi

  • -330 BCE

    The fall of the Persian Empire at Persepolis to Alexander the Great

  • Period:
    3,000 BCE
    to
    2,000 BCE

    Early Bronze Age

  • Period:
    2,000 BCE
    to
    1,550 BCE

    Middle Bronze Age

  • Period:
    1,897 BCE
    to
    1,878 BCE

    Sesostris II's reign (12th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,879 BCE
    to
    1,872 BCE

    Egyptian famine

  • Period:
    1,878 BCE
    to
    1,843 BCE

    Sesostris III's reign (12th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,842 BCE
    to
    1,797 BCE

    Ammenemes III's reign (12th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,798 BCE
    to
    1,790 BCE

    Ammenemes IV's reign (12th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,789 BCE
    to
    1,786 BCE

    Sobekneferu's reign (12th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,570 BCE
    to
    1,546 BCE

    Amosis' reign (18th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,550 BCE
    to
    1,200 BCE

    Late Bronze Age

  • Period:
    1,546 BCE
    to
    1,526 BCE

    Amenhotep I's reign (18th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,526 BCE
    to
    1,512 BCE

    Thutmose I's reign (18th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,512 BCE
    to
    1,504 BCE

    Thutmose II's reign (18th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,504 BCE
    to
    1,450 BCE

    Thutmose III's reign (18th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,503 BCE
    to
    1,483 BCE

    Hatshepsut's reign (18th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,450 BCE
    to
    1,425 BCE

    Amenhotep II's reign (18th Dynasty)

  • Period:
    1,200 BCE
    to
    -332 BCE

    Iron Age

  • Period:
    1,124 BCE
    to
    1,084 BCE

    Philistine oppression

  • Period:
    1,120 BCE
    to
    1,025 BCE

    Samuel

  • Period:
    1,051 BCE
    to
    1,011 BCE

    Saul’s reign

    EVIL king [I Sam. 9-31, I Chr. 9:35-10:14]
  • Period:
    1,020 BCE
    to
    1,011 BCE

    David in exile from Saul

  • Period:
    1,011 BCE
    to
    -971 BCE

    David’s reign

    GOOD king [I Sam. 16 – I Kings 2:12, I Chr. 11-29]
  • Period:
    -996 BCE
    to
    -993 BCE

    The great famine

  • Period:
    -993 BCE
    to
    -990 BCE

    The Ammonite wars

  • Period:
    -985 BCE
    to
    -982 BCE

    Absalom in exile

  • Period:
    -973 BCE
    to
    -971 BCE

    Coregency of David and Solomon

  • Period:
    -971 BCE
    to
    -931 BCE

    Solomon’s reign

  • Period:
    -971 BCE
    to
    -931 BCE

    Solomon’s reign

    GOOD -> EVIL king [I Kings 1-11, I Chr. 22; 28 – II Chr. 9]
  • Period:
    -966 BCE
    to
    -959 BCE

    Solomon’s temple built

  • Period:
    -966 BCE
    to
    -959 BCE

    Solomon’s temple built

  • Period:
    -931 BCE
    to
    -913 BCE

    Rehoboam’s reign

    EVIL king (with a little good) [I Kings 12:1-24; 14:21-31, II Chr. 10-12]
  • Period:
    -931 BCE
    to
    -910 BCE

    Jeroboam’s reign (1st Dynasty):

    EVIL king [I Kings 11:26-14:31, II Chr. 10-11; 13]
  • Period:
    -913 BCE
    to
    -911 BCE

    Abijah’s reign

    EVIL king (half-hearted) [I Kings 15:1-8, II Chr. 13:1-14:1]
  • Period:
    -911 BCE
    to
    -612 BCE

    The Neo-Assyrian Empire dominates ANE

  • Period:
    -911 BCE
    to
    -870 BCE

    Asa’s reign

    GOOD king (but started to fall at the end) [I Kings 15:9-24, II Chr. 14-16]
  • Period:
    -910 BCE
    to
    -909 BCE

    Nadab’s reign (1st Dynasty)

    EVIL king [I Kings 15:24-32]
  • Period:
    -909 BCE
    to
    -886 BCE

    Baasha’s reign (2nd Dynasty)

    EVIL king [I Kings 15:27-16:7]
  • Period:
    -886 BCE
    to
    -885 BCE

    Elah’s reign (2nd Dynasty)

    EVIL king [I Kings 16:8-14]
  • Period:
    -885 BCE
    to
    -885 BCE

    Zimri’s reign (3rd Dynasty)

    EVIL king [I Kings 16:9-20]
  • Period:
    -885 BCE
    to
    -881 BCE

    Tibni’s reign

    EVIL? usurper [I Kings 16:21-22]
  • Period:
    -885 BCE
    to
    -874 BCE

    Omri’s reign (4th Dynasty):

    EVIL king [I Kings 16:16-28]
  • Period:
    -874 BCE
    to
    -853 BCE

    Ahab’s reign (4th Dynasty)

    EVIL king [I Kings 16:29-22:40, II Chr. 18]
  • Period:
    -873 BCE
    to
    -848 BCE

    Jehoshaphat’s reign

    GOOD king (but made alliances with the king of Israel) [I Kings 22:41-50, II Kings 3, II Chr. 17-21:3]
  • Period:
    -860 BCE
    to
    -852 BCE

    Elijah’s ministry

  • Period:
    -858 BCE
    to
    -824 BCE

    Shalmaneser III’s reign

  • Period:
    -853 BCE
    to
    -852 BCE

    Ahaziah’s reign (4th Dynasty)

    EVIL king [I Kings 22:51-53 – II Kings 1:18]
  • Period:
    -852 BCE
    to
    -841 BCE

    Joram’s reign (4th Dynasty)

    EVIL king [II Kings 3; 9:14-29]
  • Period:
    -850 BCE
    to
    -795 BCE

    Elisha’s ministry

  • Period:
    -848 BCE
    to
    -841 BCE

    Jehoram’s reign

    EVIL king [II Kings 8:16-24, II Chr. 21:4-20]
  • Period:
    -841 BCE
    to
    -841 BCE

    Ahaziah’s reign

    EVIL king [II Kings 8:25-9:29, II Chr. 22:1-9]
  • Period:
    -841 BCE
    to
    -835 BCE

    Athaliah’s reign

    EVIL queen [II Kings 11, II Chr. 22:10-23:21]
  • Period:
    -841 BCE
    to
    -814 BCE

    Jehu’s reign (5th Dynasty):

    GOOD -> EVIL king [II Kings 9-10]
  • Period:
    -835 BCE
    to
    -796 BCE

    Joash’s reign

    GOOD -> EVIL king [II Kings 11-12, II Chr. 22:10-24:27]
  • Period:
    -823 BCE
    to
    -811 BCE

    Shamshi-Adad V’s reign

  • Period:
    -814 BCE
    to
    -798 BCE

    Jehoahaz’s reign (5th Dynasty)

    EVIL king [II Kings 13:1-9]
  • Period:
    -810 BCE
    to
    -783 BCE

    Adad-nirari III’s reign

  • Period:
    -810 BCE
    to
    -750 BCE

    Joel

  • Period:
    -798 BCE
    to
    -782 BCE

    Jehoash’s reign (5th Dynasty)

    EVIL king [II Kings 13:10-25]
  • Period:
    -796 BCE
    to
    -767 BCE

    Amaziah’s reign

    GOOD king (half-hearted) [II Kings 14:1-20, II Chr. 25]
  • Period:
    -793 BCE
    to
    -753 BCE

    Jeroboam II’s reign (5th Dynasty)

    EVIL king [II Kings 14:23-29]
  • Period:
    -792 BCE
    to
    -740 BCE

    Azariah/Uzziah’s reign

    GOOD king (half-hearted; pride led to downfall) [II Kings 14:21-22; 15:1-7, II Chr. 26]
  • Period:
    -782 BCE
    to
    -773 BCE

    Shalmaneser IV’s reign

  • Period:
    -772 BCE
    to
    -755 BCE

    Aššur-dan III’s reign

  • Period:
    -760 BCE
    to
    -760 BCE

    Jonah

  • Period:
    -760 BCE
    to
    -760 BCE

    Amos

  • Period:
    -755 BCE
    to
    -710 BCE

    Hosea

  • Period:
    -754 BCE
    to
    -727 BCE

    Aššur-nirari V’s reign

  • Period:
    -753 BCE
    to
    -753 BCE

    Zechariah’s reign (5th Dynasty)

    EVIL king [II Kings 15:8-12]
  • Period:
    -752 BCE
    to
    -752 BCE

    Shallum’s reign (6th Dynasty)

    EVIL? king [II Kings 15:10-16]
  • Period:
    -752 BCE
    to
    -742 BCE

    Menahem’s reign (7th Dynasty)

    EVIL king [II Kings 15:14-22]
  • Period:
    -752 BCE
    to
    -732 BCE

    Pekah’s reign (8th Dynasty)

    EVIL king [II Kings 15:27-31]
  • Period:
    -750 BCE
    to
    -731 BCE

    Jotham’s reign

    GOOD king [II Kings 15:32-38, II Chr. 27]
  • Period:
    -745 BCE
    to
    -727 BCE

    Tiglath-pileser III’s reign

  • Period:
    -742 BCE
    to
    -740 BCE

    Pekahiah’s reign (7th Dynasty)

    EVIL king [II Kings 15:23-26]
  • Period:
    -739 BCE
    to
    -685 BCE

    Isaiah

  • Period:
    -735 BCE
    to
    -715 BCE

    Ahaz’s reign

    EVIL king [II Kings 16, II Chr. 28]
  • Period:
    -735 BCE
    to
    -700 BCE

    Micah

  • Period:
    -732 BCE
    to
    -722 BCE

    Hoshea’s reign (9th Dynasty)

    EVIL king (with some good) [II Kings 17]
  • Period:
    -729 BCE
    to
    -686 BCE

    Hezekiah’s reign

    GOOD king [II Kings 18-20, II Chr. 29-32]
  • Period:
    -727 BCE
    to
    -722 BCE

    Shalmaneser V’s reign

  • Period:
    -722 BCE
    to
    -705 BCE

    Sargon II’s reign

  • Period:
    -705 BCE
    to
    -681 BCE

    Sennacherib’s reign

  • Period:
    -696 BCE
    to
    -642 BCE

    Manasseh’s reign

    EVIL -> GOOD king (but too late) [II Kings 21:1-18, II Chr. 33:1-20]
  • Period:
    -681 BCE
    to
    -669 BCE

    Esarhaddon’s reign

  • Period:
    -668 BCE
    to
    -627 BCE

    Ashurbanipal’s reign

  • Period:
    -655 BCE
    to
    -655 BCE

    Nahum

  • Period:
    -642 BCE
    to
    -640 BCE

    Amon’s reign

    EVIL king [II Kings 21:19-26, II Chr. 33:21-25]
  • Period:
    -640 BCE
    to
    -609 BCE

    Josiah’s reign

    GOOD king [II Kings 22:1-23:30, II Chr. 34-35]
  • Period:
    -627 BCE
    to
    -623 BCE

    Ashur-eṭil-ilāni’s reign

  • Period:
    -627 BCE
    to
    -562 BCE

    Jeremiah

  • Period:
    -612 BCE
    to
    -539 BCE

    The Neo-Babylonian Empire dominates ANE

  • Period:
    -609 BCE
    to
    -609 BCE

    Jehoahaz’s reign

    EVIL king [II Kings 23:31-35, II Chr. 36:1-4]
  • Period:
    -608 BCE
    to
    -598 BCE

    Eliakim/Jehoiakim’s reign

    EVIL king [II Kings 23:36-24:7, II Chr. 36:4-8]
  • Period:
    -605 BCE
    to
    -562 BCE

    Nebuchadnezzar II’s reign

  • Period:
    -605 BCE
    to
    -536 BCE

    Daniel

  • Period:
    -598 BCE
    to
    -597 BCE

    Jehoiachin’s reign

    EVIL king [II Kings 24:8-17; 25:27-30, II Chr. 36:9-10]
  • Period:
    -597 BCE
    to
    -586 BCE

    Mattaniah/Zedekiah’s reign

    EVIL king [II Kings 24:17-25:21, II Chr. 36:11-23]
  • Period:
    -593 BCE
    to
    -570 BCE

    Ezekiel

  • Period:
    -562 BCE
    to
    -560 BCE

    Evil-Merodach’s reign

  • Period:
    -560 BCE
    to
    -556 BCE

    Neriglissar’s reign

  • Period:
    -559 BCE
    to
    -530 BCE

    Cyrus II’s reign

  • Period:
    -539 BCE
    to
    -358 BCE

    The Persian Empire dominates ANE

  • Period:
    -530 BCE
    to
    -522 BCE

    Cambyses II’s reign

  • Period:
    -522 BCE
    to
    -522 BCE

    Gaumata’s reign

  • Period:
    -522 BCE
    to
    -486 BCE

    Darius Hystaspes’s reign

  • Period:
    -520 BCE
    to
    -518 BCE

    Zechariah

  • Period:
    -486 BCE
    to
    -465 BCE

    Xerxes’s reign

  • Period:
    -464 BCE
    to
    -424 BCE

    Artaxerxes I’s reign

  • Period:
    -433 BCE
    to
    -430 BCE

    Nehemiah back in Persia

  • Period:
    -423 BCE
    to
    -404 BCE

    Darius II’s reign

  • Period:
    -404 BCE
    to
    -358 BCE

    Artaxerxes II’s reign