Operative Systems

  • Apple Dos

    • First operating system from apple. - Developed by Paul Laughton, Randy Wigginton, and Steve Wozniak - Developed for Apple II- Comand Line Interface
  • MS-DOS

    In 1980, IBM hired Microsoft to create a new operating system. In October of that year, Microsoft bought the rights for a simple OS developed by Seattle Computer Products to use as a basis for MS-DOS — Microsoft’s first OS. The system is based on text commands - users needed to enter manual commands at the C: prompt to run applications and open folders. One year later, IBM introduced its Personal Computer (PC) with MS-DOS, marking the beginning of the mass-market desktop computer industry.
  • System 1

    • No comand line- Graphical user Interface- Finder- Menu bar
  • System 2

    • Faster than System 1- New icons- Mini Finder- New Finder commands for example New Folder, Print Catalog, Use Minifinder and Shutdown.- Ejecting the disk by draging it to the trash
  • Windows

    Microsoft released the first retail version of Windows to stores in 1985, marking the company's tenth year in business. Windows 1.0 had a graphical user interface that allowed people to run programs with a simple mouse click on an icon rather than relying on the MS-DOS method of typing text commands. The operating system featured the first standardized desktop applications, including as a notepad, calculator and clock, and let people run multiple programs simultaneously.
  • System 3

    • Hierarchical File System- newer, faster and more effecient finder
  • System 4

    • Bug fixes for system 3
  • Windows 2.0

    Windows 2.0, a 16-bit operating system, was designed to run on the Intel 286 processor, which was cutting-edge hardware technology at the time. The new processor allowed a desktop computer to have an expanded memory, so that people could run overlapping windows on the screen – something not possible in the first version of Windows. Windows 2.0 also ran the first (and rather primitive) version of Microsoft Word.
  • System 6

    • GUI interface- Multitasking allowing users to launch multiple applications and switch between then. - hardware support for apple printers and post script printers- Macromaker allows computer to record mouse and keyboard actions.
  • Windows 3.0

    "Our vision is that there will be a personal computer on every desktop and it’ll be the key tool for the information age," said Bill Gates when Windows 3.0 was released. Windows 3.0 was a 16-bit operating system designed for the Intel 386 processor. The OS had a range of new features including the program manager and the file manager. Microsoft’s fiscal year-end sales topped more than $1 billion for the first time thanks to Windows 3.0.
  • System 7

    • Single User GUI - File Allias (Shortcuts)- improved file sharing allowing computers to publish any directory to a apple talk network- Drag n drop allowing draging documents to applications to open- Include virtual memory to speed up the computer- Quick time and Quick draw 3d
  • Windows NT 3.1

    Built from scratch and released to the public in 1993, Windows NT 3.1 (for "new technology") was a 32-bit operating system that ran on more powerful computers with larger memories than previous 16-bit operating systems. To keep consistency with Windows 3.1, the new Windows NT OS began with version 3.1. It was aimed primarily at business customers rather than consumers. The new OS was well received by third-party program developers, who liked its increased security and stability.
  • Windows 95

    The new Plug and Play component of Windows 95 made it easier for everyday consumers to install new hardware and software, boosting the popularity of desktop computers in homes and small businesses where there was no IT department to help out. At the worldwide release of Windows 95, Microsoft held splashy publicity events across the world - in Toronto, for example, a huge banner hung from the CN Tower and climbers rappelled down from the observation deck.
  • Windows CE

    Microsoft released Windows CE, the first in a series of compact and portable operating systems for business and consumer devices. Windows CE has been used in everything from handheld PCs and ultra-portable notebook computers, to wireless communications devices such as digital information pagers and smartphones.
  • Mac OS 8

    • Came after six years of Mac OS 7 - Customizable fonta and system colours- Contextual pop up menu using ctrl and click - Multithreaded finder where copy operation can run in the background and don't block the finder window- Platinum interface- More effecient file system - Native versions of Quick draw, apple script in addition to sherlock search utility - HTML help pages - Faster performance for virtual memory, AppleScript execution- Faster startup time
  • Windows 98

    Windows 98, the first version of Windows designed primarily for consumers, made its debut in more than 40 countries worldwide. The new OS offered more customizable desktop features than previous operating systems. It also had new accessibility features, such as a text magnifier. It was the first OS to support DVDs. A year later Microsoft released a second edition, Windows 98 SE, offering enhanced hardware compatibility to make it easier to add nifty peripherals.
  • Mac OS 9

    • Voice login via voice print password - Keychain to save passwords in one encrypted location. - Automatic software update- USB printer sharing - Support for files larger than 2 GB- Native CD burning in the finder. - USB audio support
  • Windows 2000

    Windows 2000 Professional was built to replace the Windows NT Workstation 4.0 on business desktops and laptops. It offered improvements in reliability, ease of use, network support, internet connectivity, and features designed for mobile computing.
  • Cheetah

    • Introduce the dock, a new way for accessing the application and settings. - Terminal to access the Unix core.- Mail and adress book - Creates PDF from any application- The system was heavily critisized because of responsivness problems, stability issues and missing a lot of basic features like DVD playback and CD burning
  • Puma

    • Faster performance- Easier CD and DVD burning form finder and itunes- DVD player out of the box- More than 200 printers models supported - Easier to acquire images from cameras and scanners- Was criticized that it is not a mature system. Apple didn't ship their computers with it until later versions.
  • Windows XP

    In October 2001, Microsoft merged its operating system lines for consumers and businesses into a single brand. Windows XP, promoted as the "fastest windows ever," featured a new user interface that focused on combining features designed for business work with others aimed at multimedia play. The operating system has received multiple updates through service packs since its original release, and this helped Windows XP become Microsoft’s longest-selling operating system so far.
  • Jaguar

    • Mail application with spam filter - Address book - Rendez vouz for easier networking and music sharing over itunes- Network support for microsoft windows- Universal access providing features to help bind, deaf and handicaped users. - handwriting recognition
  • Panther

    • Default dock has safari instead of internet explorer- live instant search- Zip support built in- Fast user switching that allows a second user to login to the computer while the first one is still logged - Expose': Helps user to customize the corner of the screen so that when cursor moved any of the corner, an action happened. For Example: Showing all the open windows as thumbnails or showing the desktop- New ichat with audio and video support
  • Tiger

    • Spotlight search provides search as you type in documents , Calendar - Dashboard for widgets - Automation: application helping in creating a workflow of actions in the same or diffrent applications. - Built in dictionary and thesaurus.- Voice over and voice commands to help people with visual impairment
  • Windows Vista

    "Windows Vista … will transform the way people work and play," said Bill Gates, chairman of Microsoft. Unfortunately, sales didn't match the company's high hopes. Vista introduced a number of new features, but it also demanded a lot of power – particularly for enhanced graphics. A common complaint was that the performance hit was too high, and many manufacturers that sold computers with Windows Vista installed also offered an option to "downgrade" to Windows XP.
  • Windows 7

    The new Windows OS is set to be released on Oct. 22, 09. The Windows 7 is said to have improved security systems to protect users and businesses from theft and hackers. It will continue to explore Aero — a design platform that was released in Windows Vista. The new Aero will feature elements like Aero Peek, Aero Shake and Snap, all elements to help manage the desktop by allowing users to quickly view one’s desktop, clean up window clutter and snap windows.