Niels Henrik David Bohr, Born: 7, October 1885 / Death: 18, November 1962

  • Niels Henrik David Bohr, Born: 7, October 1885 / Death: 18, November 1962

    On October 7, 1885, Niels Bohr was born to Christian Bohr a professor at university and Ellen Alder mother from a well-known banking family in Copenhagen Denmark. Niels was the second of three children he had an older sister Jennie, and a younger brother Harrald
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    Early academics.

    In 1895 Niels entered the Grammer Holm Latin school where he did very well in physics and mathematics due to his father who was a Nobel prize nominee had friends who taught at the Latin school. Their father Christian along with Mother Ellen exposed the children many cultural diversities and let them sit in and debate science, physics great writers and art to allow for cultural intellect and diversity. Doing so prepared them for bright futures.
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    Road to Cambridge

    After graduating the Grammeholm Latin School Niels Bohr went on to university in 1903. He completed his undergraduate degree in Physics under Professor Christian Christiansen the only Professor of Physics that Copenhagen had at that time In 1907.
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    Completed Phd. moves to Cambridhe England

    Niels Bohr's dissertation in electron theory of metals earned him his PhD. in Physics in 1911 His theisis was on electron theory of metals. Bohr with hopes to work with a brilliant scientist J.J. Thomson at Cavedish Laboratory in Cambridge. This does not work out. Instead Niel's meets a young physicist Earnest Rutherford who discovered the atomic model. He moves to Manchester to work with Rutheford.l.
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    Bohr makes first contribution to Quantum physics

    While working in Manchester at Rutherford's lab Bohr worked on the absorption of alpha rays which was printed in Philosophical Magazine in 1913. Bohr completes his Atomic Model returns to Copenhagen.
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    Professorship at Copenhagen

    Bohr moves back to Copenhagen in 1913 where he held lectureship until 1914 He goes back to Manchester where he held the position again at Victoria University from 1914 -1916
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    Special Chair

    Bohr receives a special chair appointed him at Copenhagen University where he did become a professor of theoretical physics and is head of theInstitute of Theoretical Physics
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    Einstein and the Nobel Prize

    In 1920 Bohr is invited to Berlin where he meets Einstein who instantly bonds with Bohr and they become very close lifelong friends and colleagues. Two years later on November 10, 1922, the announcement was made for the winners of the 1921 and 1922 Nobel Prize awards these were announced and awarded jointly to both Niels Bohr and Albert Einstein.
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    1926 and beyond

    Niels Bohr spent the rest of his days contributing to the works of many well-known Physicist after settling into his new role as elder statesmen and mentor. 1927: the Enunciation the Complimentary principle, with Rosenfield in 1933, 1936 Theory of the compound nucleus, 1939 with Archibald Wheeler the study of the mechanism of nuclear fission. Niels Bohr spent the rest of his day between making discoveries and having important debates with his dear friend Albert Einstein.
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    The Father of Atomic Physics Passes, An Institute in his name

    On a mid-autumn day in Copenhagen where he was born sometime after Niels Bohr finished his noon meal, he passed away peacefully in his sleep. On November 18, 1962. A dedication was held in 1965 at the Institute of Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen as the Institute was renamed the Niels Bohr Institute in his honor.