Feb 19, 1473
BirthNicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19, 1473 in Thorn, Poland. He was the youngest of four children
in a family of wealthy merchants.
Jan 1, 1483
Father's deathNicolaus's father died in 1483. After his death, his uncle, a catholic bishop, took care of the children. He encouraged Nicolaus's advancment in ther church and pushed forward his education using his income to help pay for additional studies.
Jan 1, 1491
Kraków AcademyAfter completing his education in St John's parish school, Copernicus began his studies in Kraków Academy at the age of 18.Copernicus was introduced to astronomy, medicine, arithmetic and geometry. There is no record of his having a degree.
Jan 1, 1496
University of BolognaNicolaus enrolled in the Law Department of the University of Bologna, under the direction of his uncle. He lived and worked with astronomy professor Domenico Maria de Novara, doing research and conducted observations of the sky
Sep 9, 1504
Bishop of WarmiaCopernicus resided at the ducal court of the Bishop of Warmia in Lidzbark and worked as a physician. He accompanied his uncle to sessions of the Royal Prussian Diet in Malbork/Marienburg, In the Bishop's castle, he wrote his initial outline of his heliocentric theory.
Sep 9, 1509
Elected as chancellorCopernicus left the Bishop's Castle in Lidzbark and settled in Frombork. Despite the chapter's animosity to Bishop Watzenrode, he was elected its chancellor.
Sep 9, 1510
Map of Warmia and Royal PrussiaCopernicus drew a map of Warmia and Royal Prussia meant for the Royal Council in Poznań. He also held high-ranking offices like chancellor and 'visitor' to the chapter's estates
Sep 9, 1512
Drafts of CommentariolusCopernicus published an early description of his heliocentric model of the solar system in Commentariolus. In this model, the sun was not exactly the center of the solar system.
Jan 1, 1514
Proposition to FriendsCopernicus gave a handwritten book to his friends that explaned his view of the universe. In it he proposed that the center of the universe was not the Earth.
Sep 9, 1519
Treatise on MoneyJoining a dispute over a monetary reform, Copernicus drafted the first version of his treatise on money and presented it to the Prussian Diet. He left his office as administrator of the estates and returned to Frombork to become chancellor.
Jan 1, 1539
Georg Joachim RheticusGeorg Joachim Rheticus, a mathematician fascinated by Copernicus' theories tried to persuaded him to have his manuscript of De revolutionibus published
Aug 9, 1539
StudentCopernicus took on Rheticus as a student and handed over his manuscript to him to write a popularization of the heliocentric theory
Dec 9, 1542
Publishing of De lateribusNicolaus Copernicus' book De lateribus et angelis triangulorum (On the Sides and Angles of Triangles) was published, and which would be later incorporated in De revolutionibus. In December, Copernicus suffered a stroke and the left side of his body was paralyzed.
May 7, 1543
DethWithout consent, Copernicus' work was published in Nuremburg under a changed title (De revolutionibus orbium coelestium)
TodayHis book is considered the beginning of modern astronomy and the beginning of the scientific revolution.