MUSICA BLOQUE 1

  • Period: 800 BCE to 146 BCE

    Bases of Western music

    In Greece.
    It had a great development and was linked to poetry and theatrical performances. INSTRUMENTS: Lyre, harp, aulos, organ or hydraulos.
  • Period: 400 to 1400

    MIDDLE AGES

    Music linked to religion and performed by the clergy.
    In the monasteries, MUSICAL NOTATION arose.
    Pneumatic notation_: Neumes, straight or curved lines that traced the melodic design.
    Square notation_: Evolution from pneumatic to square signs indicating the pitch of sounds
  • 800

    APPEARANCE OF POLYPHONY

    Polyphony appeared as an evolution of Gregorian chant, when musicians began to introduce a second voice
  • 1000

    THE TROUBADOUR MOVEMENT

    It emerged in France at the end of the 11th century and spread throughout Europe
  • 1098

    Born Hildegard von Bingen

    Born Hildegard von Bingen
    German religious composer who composed liturgical pieces for her community and was the creator of the first extant musical liturgical drama
  • Period: 1100 to 1200

    ARS ANTIQUA

    The ORGANUM was developed, which adds a second voice parallel to the original voice of a Gregorian chant.
    Other forms of the Ars Antiqua are the CONDUCTUS (all its voices are newly created) and the MOTETE (two or three voices with a different text each at a different rhythm).
  • Period: 1300 to 1400

    ARS NOVA

    The ORGANUM was developed, which adds a second voice parallel to the original voice of a Gregorian chant.
    Other forms of the Ars Antiqua are the CONDUCTUS (all its voices are newly created) and the MOTETE (two or three voices with a different text each at a different rhythm)
  • Period: 1400 to 1500

    Franco-Flemish school.

  • Period: 1400 to

    RENAISSANCE

    This period began in Italy and aimed to revive the ideas of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
    HUMANISM developed and the CLASSIFICATION OF INSTRUMENTS BY FAMILIES.
    A new musical style is created based on medieval music, as it could not be inspired by classical music because there were no records from that period
  • 1455

    INVENTION OF THE PRINTING PRESS

    INVENTION OF THE PRINTING PRESS
    Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press, which promoted the spread of music.
  • Period: 1500 to

    SPANISH SCHOOL

  • Period: 1500 to

    ITALIAN SCHOOL

  • 1517

    BEGINNING OF THE LUTHERAN REFORMATION

    BEGINNING OF THE LUTHERAN REFORMATION
    This was initiated by Luther in Germany and gave rise to Protestantism.
  • 1545

    START OF CATHOLIC COUNTER-REFORMATION

    START OF CATHOLIC COUNTER-REFORMATION
    It was the Catholic Church's response to Luther's Protestant Reformation.
  • 1567

    BORN CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI

    BORN CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI
    Most representative composer of Italian baroque opera
  • Period: to

    BAROQUE

    Artistic period .
    During this period, the power remained in the hands of the monarchy, the aristocracy and the church.
  • Born Bárbara Strozzi

    Composer born in Venice. She was also a composer, soprano singer and lute player. She is considered the greatest composer of cantatas of the entire Baroque
  • Born GEORG FRIEDRICH HÄENDEL

    Born GEORG FRIEDRICH HÄENDEL
    German-born composer, although he spent most of his career in England, where he achieved great prestige.
  • Born JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH

    Born JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH
    German composer and organist. He created works for both instrumental and vocal music
  • BORN ANTONIO VIVALDI

    Italian composer, violinist and teacher.
    He excelled as a composer of instrumental music and composed more than five hundred concertos for musical instruments.