Music History

Timeline created by JerilynHarper
In Music
  • Period: to


  • Dutch East India Company

     Dutch East India Company
    Establishment of the Dutch East India Company
  • Orfeo-Monteverdi

  • Establishment of the Jamestown Settlement in North America

    Establishment of the Jamestown Settlement in North America
    Jamestown Settlement was established which was the first succesful English settlement
  • The 30 years war

    The 30 years war
    The 30 years war started
  • Giovanni Legranzi

    Giovanni Legranzi
    Givanni Legranzi was one of the most prominent composers in Venice in the late 17th century, and extremely influential on the development of late Baroque idioms across northern Italy.
  • First Female Singers Perform

    These professional female singers appear in the production of Chloridia, a court masque produced by Ben Jonson and Inigo Jones. Note: This not a picture from Chloridia, but from another oriental opera.
  • First Comic Opera premiers

    The first comic opera, Chi Soffre Speri by Virgilio Mazzocchi and Marco Marazzoli, premieres in Rome.
  • Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi

    15 May 1567 (baptized) – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, gambist, singer and Roman Catholic priest.
  • Johann Pachebel

    Buried March 9, 1706
  • Henry Purcell

    Henry Purcell livef from September 10 1659 until November 21 1695
  • Great fire of London

     Great fire of London
    from Sunday, 2 September to Wednesday, 5 September 1666, there was a huge fire in London
  • Heinrich Schütz

    8 January 1585 1 – 6 November 1672 was a German composer and organist
  • J.S. Bach is born

    J.S. Bach is born
  • Legrenzi Dies

    Legrenzi Dies
  • Salem Witch trials

    Salem Witch trials
    From June through September of 1692, nineteen men and women, all having been convicted of witchcraft, were carted to Gallows Hill, a barren slope near Salem Village, for hanging
  • Canon in D- Pachebel

  • Arcangelo Corelli

    (17 February 1653 – 8 January 1713) was an Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque era.
  • Leopold Mozart

    Father of Wolfgang Amaddeus Mozart.Dies May 28, 1787
  • Mannheim School

     Mannheim School
    Mannheim School Mannheim school refers to both the orchestral techniques pioneered by the court orchestra of Mannheim in the latter half of the 18th century as well as the group of composers who wrote such music for the orchestra of Mannheim and others. The school included such composers as Johann Stamitz, Franz Xaver Richter, Carl Stamitz, and Christian Cannabich
  • Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 in G major, BWV 1049

    By JS Bach
  • Air on the G String

  • The colony of Georgia is founded

    The colony of Georgia is founded
    The last colony to be established, Georgia was given over to the crown, making it a Crown Colony. London, Bonnie. Georgia and the American Experience. Atlanta: Clairmont press, 2005.
  • Franz Joseph Haydn's

    Franz Joseph Haydn's
    Joseph Haydn Franz Joseph Haydn is part of the classical era. Joseph Haydn,[2] was an Austrian[3] composer, one of the most prolific and prominent composers of the Classical period. He is often called the "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet" because of his important contributions to these forms. He was also instrumental in the development of the piano trio and in the evolution of sonata form.
  • John Bennett

    Dies September 1784
  • J.C. Bach is born

    Son of J.S. Bach, dies January 1, 1782
  • Handel's The Messiah

  • Period: to


  • J.S. Bach Dies

    J.S. Bach Dies
    Signifies the end of the Baroque movement
  • Muzio Clementi

    Muzio Clementi
    Muzio Clementi was a composer and a piano prodigy
  • Benjamin Franklin Invents and test the first lightning rod

    Benjamin Franklin Invents and test the first lightning rod
    Many people might think that Benjamin Franklin discovered electricity by flying a kite on a stormy night but actually that is not true. First of all there was no kite or key involved in his experiment, there was a well build and grounded lightning rod that Franklin had created. Second of all Franklin wasnt the one that went out in the storm to perform the experiment that was a retired French man Krider, Philip E. "Benjamin Franklin and Lightning Rods." Academic Search Premiere, 1 Jan. 2006. Web
  • Giovanni Viotti

    Giovanni Viotti
    Giovanni Viotti was an Italian composer and violinist
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is Born

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is Born
    Mozart was a child prodigy that helped to shape the classical era of music. Some of the things he was known for are composing over 600 works, refining the piano sonato, and his influence on Western art music.
  • Mozart Composed His First Symphony

    Mozart Composed His First Symphony
    Symphony No. 1 Mozart, being a child prodigy, wrote his first symphony at age 8. This was after already composing several minuets
  • Stamp Act takes effect in the colonies

    Stamp Act takes effect in the colonies
    An act passed by King George the 3rd where any and all printed materials must be on paper that was produced in London. This paper would carry a stamp that would signify that the paper was "legal
  • Boston Massacre

    Conflicts emerged between the British soldiers that were quartered in Boston and the local workers and sailors. A mob formed and the soldiers opened fire, killing 5.
  • Opus 17- Haydn

  • Niccollo Paganini

    Niccollo Paganini
    Paganini was an Italian composer and violinist
  • First Hot air Ballon

    First Hot air Ballon
    They has a demonstration for Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette where the filled the balloon with 3 barn animals. The balloon was in the air for 8 minutes and traveled 2 miles
  • Piano Sonata No. 16- Mozart

  • Beginning of French Revolution

     Beginning of French Revolution
    The traditional monarchy who had ruled France for three centuries collapsed in three years, giving rise to the French Republic until Napoleon declared himself emperor in 1804.
  • Giacomo Meyerbeer

     Giacomo Meyerbeer
    Meyerbeer was a German composer
  • Paris Conservatory of Music Founded

    Paris Conservatory of Music Founded
    Paris Conservatory of Music Website This institute is still offering instruction in music, dance, and drama, drawing on the traditions of the "French School."
  • Schubert Franz Peter Schubert

    Schubert Franz Peter Schubert
    Austrian composer. He had short lifespan of just nearly 32 years, Schubert was a prolific composer, writing some 600 Lieder, nine symphonies (including the famous "Unfinished Symphony"), liturgical music, operas, some incidental music, and a large body of chamber and solo piano music. Appreciation of Schubert's music during his lifetime was limited, but interest in his work increased significantly
  • The Seasons

    secular oratorio , famous major works
  • Louis-Hector Berlioz

    Louis-Hector Berlioz
    Berlioz was known as the master of orchestration
  • Symphony No. 3- Beethoven

  • Symphony No. 5 is completed by Beethoven

    Beethoven completes his Symphony No. 5, which many consider to be the most popular classical work ever written.
  • Simón Bolivar begins a series of South American rebellions against Spain

    Simón Bolivar begins a series of South American rebellions against Spain
    Known as “Él Libertador” across South America, Simón Bolivar helped to sow the seeds of rebellion and independence in many countries in the northern parts of South America
  • Frédéric François Chopin, Dies

    Frédéric François Chopin, Dies
    born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Romantic-era Polish composer. A child prodigy, Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw.
    Born: 1810, Żelazowa Wola, Poland
    Died: October 17, 1849, Paris, France
  • The United States Declares War on Great Britain

    The United States Declares War on Great Britain
    The War of 1812 began as a result of American rights being infringed upon by the British. Though there was no clear victor, Americans felt a sudden burst of nationalism that lead to the American Romantic Period.
  • Allied British, Dutch, and German forces defeat Napoleon at Waterloo

    Allied British, Dutch, and German forces defeat Napoleon at Waterloo
    In response to the growing influence and threat of Napoleon, the British, Dutch, and German forces ambushed Napoleon at Waterloo and dealt him a crushing defeat
  • Schumann

    Schumann was one of the greatest female composers of the 19th century
  • Harmonica

    The harmonica was invented by Friedrich Buschmann.
  • Period: to

    Romantic Period

  • Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9

    Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9
    Considred one of Beethoven's greatest works, Symphony 9 is notable not only for its length and complexity, but for the fact that he introduced vocal soloists and a chorus into the final movement, as if the purely instrumental form of the classical symphony could not express all that he felt.
  • Swan Lake

    Swan Lake
    Swan Lake, Op. 20, is a ballet composed by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in 1875–1876. The scenario, initially in four acts
  • First Railroad

    First Railroad
  • Copyright Act of 1831

  • Shumann career over

    Schumann's career as a pianist is over as one of his fingers becomes paralyzed.
  • Period: to


    Born: May 7, 1840, Votkinsk, Russia
    Died: November 6, 1893, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Aldolphe

    Adolphe Sax patented his first saxophone.
  • Gold rush

    Gold rush
  • Period: to

    Modern Era

  • Liszt’s Faust Symphony

     Liszt’s Faust Symphony
    This three movement symphony is a musical portrait of the three main characters on Goethe’s Faust. This painting and expression of each character through music, and use of outside influence is representative of a Romantic-style piece. The use of Germanic folklore in the book also is representative of the influence of nationalism and individuality that was important to Romantic composers.
  • Richard Georg Strauss

    Richard Georg Strauss
    was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras. He is known for his operas, which include Der Rosenkavalier and Salome;
    Born: June 11, 1864, Munich, Germany
    Died: September 8, 1949, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
  • Slavery is abolished

    Slavery is abolished
  • The Blue Danube

    The Blue Danube
    The Blue Danube is the common English title of An der schönen blauen Donau, Op. 314 (German for "By the Beautiful Blue Danube"), a waltz by the Austrian composer Johann Strauss II, composed in 1866
  • Georges Bizet,

    Georges Bizet,
    registered at birth as Alexandre César Léopold Bizet, was a French composer of the romantic era.
    Born: October 25, 1838, Paris, France
    Died: June 3, 1875, Bougival, France
  • Thomas Edison invents sound recording (phonograph)

    Thomas Edison invents sound recording (phonograph)
    1877 - Thomas Edison invents sound recording (phonograph)
  • Joe"King" Oliver

    Joe"King" Oliver
    Buddy's Habits Best known as a bandleader, King Oliver was also Louis Armstrong’s teacher, and was responsible for launching Armstrong’s career by featuring him in his band. Oliver played with many of the great musicians of early jazz, including Jelly Roll Morton. (December 19, 1881 – April 10, 1938),
  • Wilhelm Richard Wagner

    Wilhelm Richard Wagner
    was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is primarily known for his operas. Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works.
    Born: May 22, 1813, Leipzig, Germany
    Died: February 13, 1883, Venice, Italy
  • Jelly Roll Morton

    Jelly Roll Morton
    Ferdinand Joseph LaMothe (October 20, 1890 – July 10, 1941),[1] known professionally as Jelly Roll Morton, was an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who started his career in New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • Nutcracker

    The Nutcracker is a two-act ballet
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky,

    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky,
    often anglicised as Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, was a Russian composer whose works included symphonies, concertos, operas, ballets, chamber music, and a choral setting of the Russian Orthodox Divine Liturgy.
    Born: May 7, 1840, Votkinsk, Russia
    Died: November 6, 1893, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Bessie Smith

    Bessie Smith
    Bessie Smith (April 15, 1894 – September 26, 1937) was an American blues singer.
    Nicknamed The Empress of the Blues, Smith was the most popular female blues singer of the 1920s and 1930s.[1] She is often regarded as one of the greatest singers of her era and, along with Louis Armstrong, a major influence on other jazz vocalists
  • Johanne Brahms Dies

    Johanne Brahms Dies
    Johannes Brahms was a German composer and pianist. Born in Hamburg into a Lutheran family, Brahms spent much of his professional life in Vienna, Austria, where he was a leader of the musical scene. Wikipedia
    Born: May 7, 1833, Hamburg, Germany
    Died: April 3, 1897, Vienna, Austria
  • Maple Leaf Rag

    Maple Leaf Rag
    1899 - Scott Joplin published his Maple Leaf Rag.
  • Duke Ellington is Born

    Duke Ellington is Born
    Duke Ellington Composer,arranger,bandleader
  • Johann Strauss II

    Johann Strauss II
    , also known as Johann Baptist Strauss or Johann Strauss, Jr., the Younger, or the Son, was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas
  • Antonín Leopold Dvořák

    Antonín Leopold Dvořák
    was a Czech composer. Following the nationalist example of Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed features of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia.
    Born: September 8, 1841, Nelahozeves, Czech Republic
    Died: May 1, 1904, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Isaac Albéniz

    Isaac Albéniz
    Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz y Pascual was a Spanish pianist and composer best known for his piano works based on folk music idioms.
    Born: May 29, 1860, Camprodon, Spain
    Died: May 18, 1909, Cambo-les-Bains, France
  • Jelly Roll Blues

    first published jazz composition, in 1915
  • Bille Holiday

    Bille Holiday
    Billie Holiday (born Eleanora Fagan;(] April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959) was an American jazz singer and songwriter. Nicknamed "Lady Day" by her friend and musical partner Lester Young, Holiday had a seminal influence on jazz and pop singing. Her vocal style, strongly inspired by jazz instrumentalists, pioneered a new way of manipulating phrasing and tempo
  • Ella Jane Fitzgerald

    Ella Jane Fitzgerald
    Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz vocalist with a vocal range spanning three octaves (D♭3 to D♭6).[1] Often referred to as the "First Lady of Song" and the "Queen of Jazz," she was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing.
  • Crazy Blues

    1920 Blues singer Mamie Smith records Crazy Blues, making it the first blues recording by a black singer. Pianist and composer Duke Ellington forms a dance band in Washington DC with drummer Sonny Greer. Charlie Parker is born
  • Louis Armstrong

    Louis Armstrong
    Famous Jazz trumpter. Influenced by Joe"King"Oliver. Knownas: POPS Hits: Stardust, What a Wonderful World Became an ambassador for the United States of America
  • Duke's first recording

    1924 Duke Ellington makes his first recordings as leader of the Washingtonians.
  • The Great Gatsby

    The Great Gatsby
    F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby
  • The Scopes Trial

    The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was a famous American legal case in 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school.[1] The trial was deliberately staged in order to attract publicity to the small town of Dayton, Tennessee, where it was held. Scopes was unsure
  • Louis Armstrong First Compostion

    1926 Trumpeter Louis Armstrong has a huge hit and pioneers scat singing with his first recorded original composition
  • Charles Lindbergh

    Charles Lindbergh
    Charles Lindbergh becomes first pilot to fly solo across Atlantic
  • Jazz Singer

    The Jazz Singer is a 1927 American musical film. The first feature-length motion picture with synchronized dialogue sequences, its release heralded the commercial ascendance of the "talkies" and the decline of the silent film era
  • StockMarket Crash

    The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday[1] or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began in late October 1929 and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its fallout.[2] The crash signalled the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries.[
  • "It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)"

    written Duke Ellington
  • Little Richard

    Little Richard
    Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), known by his stage name Little Richard, is an American recording artist, songwriter, and musician. He has been an influential figure in popular music and culture for over six decades
  • Etta James

    Etta James
    Etta James (born Jamesetta Hawkins; January 25, 1938 – January 20, 2012) was an American singer-songwriter. Her style spanned a variety of music genres including blues, R&B, soul, rock and roll, jazz and gospel.
  • Carnegie Hall

    Carnegie Hall opened in New York City
  • Frankie Lymon

    Frankie Lymon
    Franklin Joseph "Frankie" Lymon (September 30, 1942 – February 27, 1968)[1] was an American rock and roll/rhythm and blues singer and songwriter, best known as the boy soprano lead singer of the New York City-based early rock and roll group, The Teenagers.
  • Amy Beach

    Amy Beach
    She was the first successful American female composer of large-scale art music. Most of her compositions and performances were under the name Mrs. H.H.A. Beach.
    Born: September 5, 1867, Henniker, Nj
    Died: January 27, 1944, New York City, NY
  • Why do fools fall inlove

    sung by Frankie and the Teemagers
  • "All I Could Do Is Cry "

  • "What a Wonderful World

    written by Louis Armstrong
  • Antonio Vivaldi

    Dies July 1741