Music 169 - 1865-1945

By SMYoung
  • Stephen Foster

    "Father of American Music" - minstrel shows, published sheet music, hooks
  • English Pleasure Gardens

    A popular place to visit to listen to outdoor bands before recordings, other than actually owning instruments and playing them yourself, or going to church to sing in the choir
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    The Minstrel Shows

    Extremely racist, but an influence for jazz
    Based on European folk music, first predominant genre of American music
  • Paul Dresser's "The Letter That Never Came"

    European Folk
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    Folk & Country

    Based on European music
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    Tin Pan Alley

    The spread of popular music through recordings and sheet music publications
    Form- alternate verses and choruses with AABA verse pattern
    Used singable melodies with hooks, based off I, IV, and V chords
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    John Philip Sousa's Brass Band

    A band created from the US Marines, known for "The Stars and Stripes Forever", the official American march tune
  • Edison's Wax Phonograph

    Played a wax cylinder with acoustic recordings
  • Scott Joplin's "Maple Leaf Rag"

    A popular ragtime theme, composed rather than improvised
    most popular ragtime composer
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    Precurser to jazz, influenced by African American syncopation and European music
    resemblance to march music
    distinctively American
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    The Blues

    Originated from Southern work songs, previously unwritten and highly improvisational before TIn Pan Alley created the 12-bar formula. Basis for Rock and Jazz
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    The Vaudeville Shows

    Predecessor of Minstrels
  • The Radio

    Spread of songs, became popular during the Great Depression
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    African and European influenced band and dance music, improvised
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    brought Latin American syncopation to music
  • WC Handy's "St. Louis Blues"

    Father of the Blues, applied blues to formalized songs
  • Mamie Smith's "Crazy Blues"

    Classic blues song
  • Fiddlin' John Carson's "The Little Old Log Cabin In The Lane"

    First hillbilly record, created by accident
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    Duke Ellington

    The greatest Amaerican musician
    created jungle sound, used concertos, moods and standards
    ensemble big band (no sections playing against each other) with individual parts
    stride piano
  • George Gershwin's "Rhapsody In Blue"

    Swing song
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    Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra

    Jazz Inspiration for Swing
  • The Electric Microphone

    An easier recording device, created a wider range of instrumental recordings and made layering souds possible
  • Bessie Smith and Louis Armstrong's "St. Louis Blues"

    Classic Blues singer with Louis Armstrong's jazzy trumpet sound
  • Blind Lemon Jefferson's "That Black Snake Moan"

    Country blues musician, first blues "star"
  • Charley Patton's "Tom Rushen Blues"

    One of the most important pioneers for country blues
  • Irving Berlin's "Puttin' On the Ritz"

    Swing Song, TPA composer
  • Jimmie Rodger's "Blue Yodel No. 1"

    Hillbilly star
  • Benny Goodman's Band Performs at Palomar Ballroom

    Considered the beginning of the Swing Era
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    Bigger and better jazz, introduced solos and big bands
  • Count Basie

    Black Swing bandleader
  • Robert Johnson's "Cross Road Blues"

    On eof the most influential musicians, known for Country blues
  • Benny Goodman's "Sing Sing Sing"

    King of Swing, first bandleader to incorporate races
  • Machito's Afro-Cubans

    Latin American music in Swing Era, brought it to big bands with Mario Bauza
  • Dizzy Gillespie

    Bebop and Afro-Cuban music
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    The Crooners

    Created an intimate sensation for the listener using the new electric microphone
    Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, etc
  • Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys' "San Antonio Rose"

    Western Swing band, incorporated big band jazz with blues and fiddles.
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    Country Music

    European and American folk music, a larger hillbilly audience due to urban migration
    Roy Acuff and Gene Autry
    "sentimentality, morality and patriotism" - popular themes
  • Duke Ellington's "It Don't Mean A Thing"

    Popular Swing song