Midterm Timeline

  • Period: 500 to 1400

    Medieval Period

    • Gregorian chant was formed, originating from the Catholic Church.
    • Notation was beginning to be developed as well as music forms.
  • Period: 1025 to 1050

    Guido of Arezzo's formulation of the Solmization System

    Guido assigned syllables to different pitches; thereby forming the hexachordal solmization that used "ut, re, mi, fa, sol, and la"
  • Period: 1098 to 1179

    Hildegard of Birgin

    • Hildegard of Bingen was the most prolific European composer. Her texts were mostly focused on the Virgin Mary, the Trinity, and/or saints.
  • 1322

    Ars Nova Treatise

    • Introduced a more precise system of notation as well as new symbols for pitch and rhythm.
    • Used more complex and expressive polyphonic techniques
  • Period: 1400 to

    Renaissance Period

    • The combination of multiple melodic lines continued to expand. This created more textured choral music.
    • Music theory evolved more within the Renaissance period. Contributions to understanding harmony, counterpoint, and musical structure were made.
  • 1529

    Martin Luther Chorale "Ein feste burg" (A Mighty Fortress..)

    • Luther's Chorale featured a piece in vernacular German that engaged the congregation in worship.
    • Melody was simple and memorable and also had powerful text, making it easy to sing.
  • 1538

    Arcadelt Madrigal "Il bianco e dolce cigno"

    • The composition used expressive melodies which reflected the emotions of the text.
    • The composition also had a four-voice texture
  • 1567

    Palestrina Pope Marcellus Mass

    • Marcellus Mass was considered a preservation of the clarity and intelligibility of text in sacred music. It had smooth voice leading, counterpoints featuring imitation, and complex polyphony.
  • 1572

    Victoria Missa "O magnum mysterium"

    • Conveyed sacred text through expressive music writing
    • Musical phrases and harmonies are matched to the meaning and emotions of the text.
    • Polyphony was very controlled and weaved together seamlessly.
    • The counterpoint enhanced the expressiveness of the text.
  • Giovanni Gabrieli Sacrae Symphoniae

    • Used polychoral techniques which created a rich, immersive sound.
    • Influenced the development of Baroque music because of his contrasting dynamics, and expressive techniques to create dramatic and emotional impact.