Midterm Timeline By LyyDylan Period: 500 to 1400 Medieval Period Gregorian chant was formed, originating from the Catholic Church. Notation was beginning to be developed as well as music forms. Period: 1025 to 1050 Guido of Arezzo's formulation of the Solmization System Guido assigned syllables to different pitches; thereby forming the hexachordal solmization that used "ut, re, mi, fa, sol, and la" Period: 1098 to 1179 Hildegard of Birgin Hildegard of Bingen was the most prolific European composer. Her texts were mostly focused on the Virgin Mary, the Trinity, and/or saints. 1322 Ars Nova Treatise Introduced a more precise system of notation as well as new symbols for pitch and rhythm. Used more complex and expressive polyphonic techniques Period: 1400 to 1600 Renaissance Period The combination of multiple melodic lines continued to expand. This created more textured choral music. Music theory evolved more within the Renaissance period. Contributions to understanding harmony, counterpoint, and musical structure were made. 1529 Martin Luther Chorale "Ein feste burg" (A Mighty Fortress..) Luther's Chorale featured a piece in vernacular German that engaged the congregation in worship. Melody was simple and memorable and also had powerful text, making it easy to sing. 1538 Arcadelt Madrigal "Il bianco e dolce cigno" The composition used expressive melodies which reflected the emotions of the text. The composition also had a four-voice texture 1567 Palestrina Pope Marcellus Mass Marcellus Mass was considered a preservation of the clarity and intelligibility of text in sacred music. It had smooth voice leading, counterpoints featuring imitation, and complex polyphony. 1572 Victoria Missa "O magnum mysterium" Conveyed sacred text through expressive music writing Musical phrases and harmonies are matched to the meaning and emotions of the text. Polyphony was very controlled and weaved together seamlessly. The counterpoint enhanced the expressiveness of the text. 1597 Giovanni Gabrieli Sacrae Symphoniae Used polychoral techniques which created a rich, immersive sound. Influenced the development of Baroque music because of his contrasting dynamics, and expressive techniques to create dramatic and emotional impact.