Medieval/Renaissance Timeline

Timeline created by estherkimyd
In Music
  • Period:

    Medieval Period

  • 1030

    Guido of Arezzo's "Micrologus"

    "Micrologus" is a treatise that describes solmization, a sight-signing system based on the hexachord system (6 notes). Guido also created the four-line staff, the idea of relative pitch, sight-singing syllables, and the first accidentals, which are the round b (flat) and square b (natural).
  • Period:

    Hildegard of Bingen

  • 1323

    Ars Nova Treatise

    The Ars Nova (“New Art”) Treatise introduced what would be the foundation for modern notation and meter signatures; the notation included the breve, the semibreve (subdivided the breve into two or three smaller note values), and minim (subdivided the semibreve even further). The Ars Nova Treatise allowed for new note shapes that indicated shorter note values that could subdivide longer notes by two or three.
  • Period:

    Renaissance Period

  • 1485

    Josquin’s "Ave Maria ... virgo serena" Motet

  • 1529

    Martin Luther Chorale "Ein feste burg" (A Mighty Fortress..)

  • 1538

    Arcadelt Madrigal "Il bianco e dolce cigno"

  • 1567

    Palestrina "Pope Marcellus Mass"

    Legend has it that Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass saved polyphony from being condemned by the Council of Trent during the Catholic Church’s Counter-Reformation. Pope Marcellus Mass is significant for being a six-voiced mass that was both attentive to the text (text could be understood when sung) and held right reverence for God.
  • Victoria "Missa O magnum mysterium"

  • Gabrieli "Sonata pian’e forte"

    Gabrieli’s Sonata pian’e forte was written in Venice, Italy and is one of the first pieces in music history to specify what instruments play what parts, as well as the first piece to have dynamics.