Major Events of Colonial America: 1700-1800

Timeline created by AbbyHill3
In History
  • Changes in Calendar

    Britain and the British colonies switch from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre: British troops fire into a mob, killing five men and leading to intense public protests.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party: Group of colonial patriots disguised as Mohawk Indians board three ships in Boston harbor and dump more than 300 crates of tea overboard as a protest against the British tea tax.
  • First Continental Congress (Sept. 5 - Oct. 26)

    First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia, with 56 delegates representing every colony except Georgia. Delegates include Patrick Henry, George Washington, and Samuel Adams.
  • American Revolution

    American Revolution: War of independence fought between Great Britain and the 13 British colonies on the eastern seaboard of North America. Battles of Lexington and Concord, Mass., between the British Army and colonial minutemen, mark the beginning of the war.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia.
  • Valley Forge (Dec. 19, 1777- June 19, 1778)

    Battle-weary and destitute Continental army spends brutally cold winter and following spring at Valley Forge, Pa.
  • US Flag

    Continental Congress approves the first official flag of the United States.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation, the first U.S. constitution.
  • Constitutional Convention (May-Sept)

    Constitutional Convention, made up of delegates from 12 of the original 13 colonies, meets in Philadelphia to draft the U.S. Constitution.
  • Yorktown

    British general Charles Cornwallis surrenders to Gen. George Washington at Yorktown, Va.
  • American Independence

    Great Britain formally acknowledges American independence in the Treaty of Paris, which officially brings the war to a close.
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shays's Rebellion erupts; farmers from New Hampshire to South Carolina take up arms to protest high state taxes and stiff penalties for failure to pay.
  • George Washington Becomes President

    George Washington is unanimously elected president of the United States in a vote by state electors.
  • U.S. Constitution

    U.S. Constitution goes into effect, having been ratified by nine states. U.S. Congress meets for the first time at Federal Hall in New York City.
  • Washington's Inauguration

    Washington is inaugurated as president at Federal Hall in New York City.
  • Census

    The nation's first census shows that the population has climbed to nearly 4 million.
  • U.S. Supreme Court

    U.S. Supreme Court meets for the first time at the Merchants Exchange Building in New York City. The court, made up of one chief justice and five associate justices, hears its first case in 1792.
  • Ratification of the Bill of Rights

    First ten amendments to the Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights, are ratified.
  • The Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin greatly increases the demand for slave labor.
  • Washington's Second Inauguration

    Washington's second inauguration is held in Philadelphia.
  • John Adams as President

    John Adams is inaugurated as the second president in Philadelphia.
  • The Report of 1800

    The Virginia General Assembly adopts the Report of 1800, a resolution drafted by James Madison arguing for the sovereignty of the individual states under the United States Constitution and against the Alien and Sedition Acts.
  • U.S. Library of Congress

    The U.S. Library of Congress is founded.
  • Second U.S. Census

    The 2nd United States Census is conducted. It finds 5,308,483 people living in the U.S. of which 893,602 are slaves.
  • Convention of 1800

    The Convention of 1800, or Treaty of Mortefontaine, is signed between France and the United States of America, ending the Quasi-War.
  • First Washington D.C. Session

    The U.S. Congress holds its first Washington, D.C. session.
  • Period: to

    French and Indian War and the Treaty of Paris

    French and Indian War: Final conflict in the ongoing struggle between the British and French for control of eastern North America. The British win a decisive victory over the French on the Plains of Abraham outside Quebec. (Sept. 13, 1759) With the Treaty of Paris, the British formally gain control of Canada and all the French possessions east of the Mississippi.