Línea del tiempo música 3ºA

  • Period: 4000 BCE to 476

    La Edad Antigua

    During this period the music had a divine origine and it was very vinculed to the religion
  • Period: 476 to 1492

    Edad Media

    This period started because of the fall of the Roman empire. During this period the monasteries became the centers of culture. The music was vinculated to the religion.
  • 800

    Creación del Canto Gregoriano

    Creación del Canto Gregoriano
    The term Gregorian chant generally refers to a type of plain chant, simple, monodic and with music subordinated to the text used in the liturgy of the Catholic Church, although it is sometimes used in a broad sense or even as a synonym of chant. flat. The Gregorian melody acquires its definitive form from the 9th century, during the heyday of the Carolingian dynasty and, precisely, with the Frankish king Pepin
  • 1050

    Muerte de Guido d'Arezzo

    Muerte de Guido d'Arezzo
    Guido of Arezzo, in Italian, Guido D'Arezzo, was an Italian Benedictine monk and musical theorist who constitutes one of the central figures of the music of the Middle Ages along with Hucbaldo. His fame as a pedagogue was legendary in the Middle Ages and he is remembered today for the development of a notation system that specifies the height of the sound through lines and spaces, as well as for the diffusion of a sight-singing method based on the syllables ut, re, mi, fa, sol, la.
  • 1080

    Comienzo del movimiento trovadoresco

    Comienzo del movimiento trovadoresco
    The troubadour movement arose in the South of France at the end of the 11th century and quickly spread throughout Europe. In Spain it had special relevance in the area of ​​Galicia, where the songs will be called "cántigas".
  • 1098

    Nacimiento de Hildegard von Bingen

    Nacimiento de Hildegard von Bingen
    Saint Hildegard of Bingen, belonging to the Order of Saint Benedict, was a German holy abbess and polymath, active as a composer, writer, philosopher, scientist, naturalist, physician, mystic, monastic leader and prophetess during the middle ages. Also known as the Sibyl of the Rhine and the Teutonic Prophetess, she is also one of the most famous composers of sacred monophony, as well as the most recorded in modern history. It is also considered by many experts as the mother of natural history.
  • 1135

    Nacimiento de Bernart de Ventadorn

    Nacimiento de Bernart de Ventadorn
    Bernart de Ventadorn, also known as Bernart de Ventadour, was a popular Provençal troubadour, composer and poet.
  • 1150

    Surge el Ars Antiqua

    Surge el Ars Antiqua
    The Ars antiqua was created by the three theoretical musicians of the second half of the 12th century: Franco of Cologne, the master Lambertus and Petrus de Cruce. In the Ars antiqua the forms of the organum, conductus, motet, cantilena and hoquetus were used. This is a type of polyphony.
  • 1150

    Nacimiento de Léonin

    Nacimiento de Léonin
    Léonin, along with Perotín, the first known composer of polyphonic organum, related to the School of Notre Dame. French composer, poet and teacher. In the year 1150 and until 1160 he was administrator of the cathedral in Paris. In 1192 he was ordained a priest at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.
  • 1160

    Nacimiento de Perotin

    Nacimiento de Perotin
    Perotín, called in French Pérotin le Grand or in Latin Magister Perotinus Magnus was a French medieval composer, who was born in Paris between 1155 and 1160 and died around 1230. Considered the most important composer of the School of Notre Dame de Paris, in which the polyphonic style began to take shape.
  • Nov 23, 1221

    Alfonso X el Sabio

    Alfonso X el Sabio
    Alfonso X of Castile, called "the Wise", was king of the Crown of Castile and of the other kingdoms with which he was entitled between 1252 and 1284. On the death of his father, he resumed the offensive against the Muslims. In 1264, it had to face a major revolt by the Mudejars of Murcia and the Guadalquivir valley. As the son of Beatrix of Swabia, he aspired to the throne of the Holy Roman Empire, a project to which he dedicated more than half of his reign without success.
  • 1300

    Nacimiento de Guillaume de Machaut

    Nacimiento de Guillaume de Machaut
    Guillaume de Machaut was a French medieval clergyman, poet, and composer. His projection was enormous and he is historically the maximum representative of the movement known as Ars nova, being considered the most famous composer of the 14th century. He contributed to the development of the motet and secular song.
  • 1320

    Ars Nova

    Ars Nova
    The Ars Nova was officially created around 1320, the date of the drafting of the treatise Ars nova by Philippe de Vitry, which advocated a new and groundbreaking art. During this time the polyphony was perfected and acquired rhythmic and melodic complexity. The forms of the Ars Nova are the canon, the ballad and the chanson.
  • Sep 2, 1397

    Nacimiento de Francesco Landini

    Nacimiento de Francesco Landini
    Francesco Landini or Landino was an Italian composer, organist, singer, poet, instrument maker, and astrologer. He was one of the most famous and admired composers of the second half of the 14th century and without a doubt the most famous composer in Italy.
  • Jul 24, 1400

    Nacimiento de Johannes Gutenberg

    Nacimiento de Johannes Gutenberg
  • Period: 1450 to

    Renacimineto

    With the arrival of the fifteenth century in Europe there were great social, cultural and religious transformations that gave rise to a new era, the Renaissance. It was called the Renaissance because it was intended to revive the ideas of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
  • May 29, 1453

    Caída del Imperio Romano de Oriente

    Caída del Imperio Romano de Oriente
    The fall of Constantinople into the hands of the Ottoman Turks, which occurred on May 29, 1453, was a historical event that put an end to the last vestige of the Eastern Roman Empire and that, in classical periodization and according to some historians, also marked the end of the Middle Ages in Europe.
  • 1455

    Creación de la imprenta

    Creación de la imprenta
    Johannes Gutenberg created the printing press. The creation of the printing press was very important for the music, so they could wrote it.
  • 1455

    Comienzo del Renacimiento musical

    The stylistic characteristics of Renaissance music are its polyphonic texture, which follows the laws of counterpoint, and is governed by the modal system inherited from Gregorian chant.
  • Jul 12, 1468

    Nacimiento de Juan de Encina

    Nacimiento de Juan de Encina
    Juan de Fermoselle, better known as Juan del Encina —in the current spelling of his name— or Juan del Enzina —in the spelling of the time—, was a poet, composer of secular music and playwright of the Spanish Renaissance at the time of the Catholic kings.
  • Nov 10, 1483

    Nacimiento de Martin Lutero

    Nacimiento de Martin Lutero
    Martin Luther, born Martin Luder, was an Augustinian Catholic theologian, philosopher, and friar who began and promoted the Protestant Reformation in Germany and whose teachings inspired the theological and cultural doctrine called Lutheranism.
  • 1487

    Creación de la escuela veneciana

    Creación de la escuela veneciana
    Antonello da Messina. This artist is not Venetian but from Sicily, but it is he who is considered to have introduced the Flemish oil painting in Italy and to have influenced Bellini and other Venetians in such a way that he is the one who caused the birth of this school, the Venetian school with imprint own 1487.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Descubrimiento de América

    Descubrimiento de América
    Discovery of America is the name given to the historical event that occurred on October 12, 1492, consisting of the arrival in America of an expedition from the Iberian Peninsula led by Christopher Columbus by order of the Catholic Monarchs, Isabel de Castilla and Fernando de Aragon.
  • 1500

    Comienzo de los Castratis

    Comienzo de los Castratis
    In the sixteenth century the custom began, in southern Europe, of castrating children who had gifts for music and particularly fine voices, to prevent the subsequent transformation of their voices. The Italian church began to use these Castrati voices and in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    Martin Lutero inicia la reforma protestante

    Martin Lutero inicia la reforma protestante
    European thinkers and politicians sought to provoke a profound and generalized change in the uses and customs of the Catholic Church, the movement will later receive the name of Protestant Reformation, due to its initial intention to reform Catholicism.
  • Feb 3, 1525

    Nacimiento de Palestrina

    Nacimiento de Palestrina
    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina fue un compositor italiano renacentista de música sacra y el representante más conocido de la Escuela romana de composición musical del siglo XVI.
  • Feb 24, 1530

    Coronación de Carlos V

    Coronación de Carlos V
    Charles V was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Clement VII in the Basilica of San Petronio in Bologna on February 24, 1530. He was the last Holy Roman Emperor to be crowned by a pope.
  • 1544

    Nacimiento de Maddalena Casulana

    Nacimiento de Maddalena Casulana
    Maddalena Casulana was an Italian composer, violin player, and singer of the late Renaissance. She was the first female composer to have an entire exclusive volume of her music printed and published in the history of Western music.
  • 1545

    Contrarreforma del Concilio de Trento

    Contrarreforma del Concilio de Trento
    The Catholic Church tried to recover the lost territory against the different Protestant churches that emerged from the preaching of Luther. Its objectives were to renew the Church and prevent the advance of Protestant doctrines.
  • Oct 7, 1553

    Fallecimiento de Cristóbal de Morales

    Fallecimiento de Cristóbal de Morales
    Cristóbal de Morales Spanish Catholic priest and chapel master being the main representative of the Andalusian polyphonic school and one of the three greats, along with Tomás Luis de Victoria and Francisco Guerrero, of the Spanish polyphonic composition of the Renaissance.
  • Jan 15, 1559

    Coronación de Elizabeth I

    Coronación de Elizabeth I
    Elizabeth the first became queen in 1558. She was the last of the Tudor dynasty. The coronation of Elizabeth I as queen of the Kingdom of England took place in Westminster Abbey, London, on January 15, 1559.
  • Mar 8, 1566

    Nacimiento de Carlo Gesualdo

    Nacimiento de Carlo Gesualdo
    Carlo Gesualdo, Prince of Venosa and Count of Conza, was an Italian composer, one of the most significant figures in late Renaissance music with intensely expressive madrigals and pieces of sacred music with a chromatism that will not be heard again until the end of the century XIX.
  • Mar 26, 1566

    Fallecimiento de Antonio de Cabezón

    Fallecimiento de Antonio de Cabezón
    Antonio de Cabezón was a Spanish Renaissance organist, harpist and composer.
  • May 9, 1567

    Nacimiento de Claudio Monteverdi

    Nacimiento de Claudio Monteverdi
    Claudio Monteverdi was an Italian composer, viola player, singer, choir director and priest. He composed both secular and sacred music and marked the transition between the polyphonic and madrigalist tradition of the 16th century and the birth of lyrical drama and opera in the 17th century. He is a crucial figure in the transition between Renaissance and Baroque music.
  • Fallecimiento de Andrea Gabrieli

    Fallecimiento de Andrea Gabrieli
    Andrea Gabrieli was an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance. Uncle of perhaps the most famous composer Giovanni Gabrieli, he was the first internationally renowned member of the Venetian School of composers. He had great influence on the spread of the Venetian style both in Italy and Germany
  • Muerte de Palestrina

    Muerte de Palestrina
  • Fallecimiento de Orlando di Lasso

    Fallecimiento de Orlando di Lasso
    Orlando di Lasso, also known as Orlandus Lassus, Roland de Lassus, Roland Delattre or Orlande de Lassus was a Franco-Flemish composer of the late Renaissance. Along with Palestrina and Victoria, he is considered one of the most influential composers of the 16th century.
  • Comienzo del Barroco

    Comienzo del Barroco
    The Baroque was the golden age of music. Music became the protagonist of the great social events.
  • Period: to

    Barroco

    The Baroque was the golden age of music. In the courts of Europe, music becomes the protagonist of the big events.
  • Nacimiento de Giocamo Carissimi

    Nacimiento de Giocamo Carissimi
    Giacomo Carissimi was one of the most important Italian composers of the early Baroque and one of the main representatives of the Roman School. His compositions include cantatas, motets, masses and oratorios.
  • Nacimiento de la ópera

    Nacimiento de la ópera
    Opera is a dramatic and musical work in which singing, dance and instruments take part.
  • Fallecimiento de Tomás Luis de Victoria

    Fallecimiento de Tomás Luis de Victoria
    Tomás Luis de Victoria was a Catholic priest, chapel master and famous polyphonic composer of the Spanish Renaissance of the religious music. He has been considered one of the most relevant and advanced composers of his time, with an innovative style that heralded the imminent baroque.
  • Fallecimiento de Giovanni Gabrieli

    Fallecimiento de Giovanni Gabrieli
    Giovanni Gabrieli was an Italian composer and organist, born and died in Venice. One of the most influential musicians of his time, he represents the culmination of the Venetian school, taking part in the transition from Renaissance music to Baroque music.
  • Nacimiento de Bárbara Strozzi

    Nacimiento de Bárbara Strozzi
    Barbara Strozzi was an Italian Baroque singer and comooser. During her lifetime, she published eight volumes of his own music and had more secular music in print than any other composer of the day. This was achieved without any support from the Catholic Church and without the constant patronage of the nobility.
  • Nacimiento de Henry Purcell

    Nacimiento de Henry Purcell
    Henry Purcell was an English Baroque composer. Considered one of the best English composers of all time, he incorporated French and Italian stylistic elements into his music, generating his own English style of Baroque music.
  • Nacimiento de Antonio Vivaldi

    Nacimiento de Antonio Vivaldi
    Antonio Vivaldi was an italian composer, violinist and teacher. He stood out as a composer of instrumental music with a clear use of contrast, thus fleeing from monotony. Vivaldi established the structure of the concerto in three parts. His best known work is the four violin concertos entitled "The Four Seasons".
  • Nacimiento de Georg Philippe Telemann

    Nacimiento de Georg Philippe Telemann
    Georg Philipp Telemann was a German Baroque composer, although his work also had characteristics of early classicism. He is considered the most prolific composer in the history of music.
  • Nacimiento de Georg Friedrich Händel

    Nacimiento de Georg Friedrich Händel
    Georg Friedrich Händel was a composer of German origin, although he developed most of his career in England where he achieved great prestige. He worked for the British court composing works that contributed to giving solemnity to the acts presided over by the king. His operatic compositions, suites and concerts stand out.
  • Nacimiento de Johann Sebastian Bach

    Nacimiento de Johann Sebastian Bach
    Johann Sebastian Bach is considered the great figure of the Baroque era, he was a German composer and organist who created works of both instrumental and vocal music. Bach worked as a court musician where he composed great works such as the Brandenburg Concertos.
  • Muerte de Antoni Stradivari

    Muerte de Antoni Stradivari
    Antoni Stradivari was the most prominent Italian luthier. The Latin form of his surname, Stradivarius, is used to refer to his instruments. He is without a doubt the most famous maker of stringed instruments in the history of music.