Labor Movement Timeline

  • National Labor Union

    National Labor Union
    The National Labor Union was the first national labor federation in the United States. Founded in 1866 and dissolved in 1873, it paved the way for other organizations, such as the Knights of Labor and the AFL.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
  • Great Southwest Railroad Strike

    Great Southwest Railroad Strike
    The Great Southwest railroad strike of 1886 was a labor union strike involving more than 200,000 workers.
  • Haymarket Riot

    Haymarket Riot
    The Haymarket affair was the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on Tuesday May 4, 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago.
  • AFL

    The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations is a national trade union center and the largest federation of unions in the United States. It is made up of fifty-six national and international unions, together representing more than 12 million active and retired workers.
  • Shirtwaist Factory Fire

    Shirtwaist Factory Fire
    The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City on March 25, 1911 was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city, and one of the deadliest in US history.
  • Steel Stike of 1959

    Steel Stike of 1959
    The steel strike of 1919 was an attempt by the weakened Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers to organize the United States steel industry in the wake of World War I. The strike began on September 21, 1919, and collapsed on January 8, 1920.
  • Textile Workers Strike of 1934

    Textile Workers Strike of 1934
    The textile workers' strike of 1934 was the largest strike in the labor history of the United States at the time, involving 400,000 textile workers from New England, the Mid-Atlantic states and the U.S. Southern states, lasting twenty-two days.
  • Fair Labor Standards Act of 1935

    Fair Labor Standards Act of 1935
    The Fair Labor Standards Act establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor standards affecting full-time and part-time workers in the private sector and in Federal, State, and local governments.
  • The Wagner Act

    The Wagner Act
    The Wagner Act, also known as the National Labor Relations Act of 1935, is the most important piece of labor legislation enacted in U.S. history. It made the federal government the arbiter of employer-employee relations through the creation of the national labor relations board and recognized for the first time the right of workers to organize and bargain collectively with their employers.