Indian Music

Timeline created by Mikhaila.Hamilton
In Music
  • Oct 24, 1100

    Early Hindustani Music

    The hindustani music style, which is now one of the subgenres of Indian music, began as early as 12th century CE. It originated in Vedic ritual chants.
  • Oct 24, 1200

    Sharngadeva composed the Sangita Ratnakara

    The text mentioned in this piece of music is the last text to be used in both hindustani and carnatic music. The text is thought to date the divergence between the two styles of music.
  • Oct 24, 1253

    Amir Khusrau

    1253-1325. Amir was the most influental musician of the Delhi Sultanate. He is sometimes called the father of modern hindustani classical music. He systematized many aspects of Hindustani music, introduced several ragas, and created the quwwali genre, a fusion of Persian melody and and beat on a dhrupad like structure.
  • Oct 24, 1484

    Purandaradasa

    Considered the Pitamaha of carnatic music. Evolved several graded steps which are the essential lessons of beginners, Composed thousands of songs.
  • Oct 24, 1486

    Raja Mansingh Tomar

    1486-1516. Raja participated in the shift from Sanskrit to the local idiom (Hindi) as the language for classical songs. He penned several volumes of compositions on religious and secular themes, and was responsible for the major compilation, Mankutuhal, which outlined the major forms of music prevalent at the time.
  • Oct 24, 1506

    Miyan Tansen

    1506-1589. Miyan Tansen is regarded as the greatest of all musicians India has produced to date. He played a pivotal role in creating the classical genre of North Indian music we know today. He composed numerous ragas which are cornerstones in the Indian classical music repertoire.
  • Invention of the Sitar as it is today

    The sitar is considered one of the most important instruments in Indian culture. Most of the melody of Indian music comes from this instrument
  • Carnatic Music Changed

    Between the 18th and 20th century, Carnatic music changed into a form of music for the masses holding concerts held by private institutions. Carnatic music is most prominent in the South.
  • Thyagaraja

    Composed over 24000 pieces. He is the greatest composer and musician of the carnatic tradition.
  • Syama Sastri

    Composed several krits, swarjathis, and thana varnams. His compositions are considered to be difficult and rendered only by those proficient in music.
  • Muthuswamy Dikshitar

    Composer proficient in vocal music and the veena, Wrote music that is sung in praise for many dieties.
  • Ustad Siddar Khan of Delhi

    Late 18th century. He was the first verifiable player of the tabla, which was also invented in the late 18th century. The tabla is the most important rhythm keeping instrument in Indian music.
  • Swati Tirunal

    Born into a royal family. Created varied compositions, many honoring the family diety. He composed songs in many different languages, and he was proficient in all of them.
  • Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande

    1860-1936. Vishnu created the currently used form of music notation for music in India. This notation includes the seven note names that closely correspond to Western do, re, mi, etc. This is important because it marked the change from a complicated notation to a notation easier to use.
  • Ragas Created

    Around 1900, Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande consolidated the musical structures, ragas, of hindustani classical music into a series of thaats. These are all parts of the Indian 12 note scale.