As a result of the Treaty of Tianjin in 1858, the Chinese agreed to legalize the opium trade and open new ports to foreign trade. In 1858, U.S. consul Townsend Harris signed a more detailed treaty.
Meiji Restoration begins. In January 1868, their armies attacked the shogun’s palace in Kyoto and proclaimed that the authority of the emperor had been restored. In 1868, the new leaders signed a Charter Oath, in which they promised to create a new legislative assembly within the framework of continued imperial rule.