Immigration and Westward Expansion

  • Average Immigrant Arrival

    An increase in the percentage of the total Irish immigrant arrivals was 38% between 1820 and 1860, ensuring a substantial impact on the culture of the United States.
  • Summary: Emily Debreu

    Summary: Emily Debreu
    Hello, my name is Emily Debreu. i am an Irish Immigrant and i came to America because of the Famine and sickness throughout my country. I want to live.
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  • The Journey of Expansion

    Being an immigrant for irish was tough because we had a potato famine that occured in our country which led to having almost 1 million people resulted in sickness and death and the other million immigrants move to America. The 1820's brought 54,000 immigrants to the 1840's which brought 781,000 immigrants, and peaked another 10 ten years later with 1850's being 914,000 other immigrants. Also, the 1860-1910 timespan brought about another 2.3 million to the U.S. and 150,000 to Canada.
  • Peak of immigration

    Peak of immigration
    During that period more than 624,000 Irish immigrants arrived, accounting for more than half of all Irish immigrants between 1825 and 1978.
  • Entering

    Between 1815 and 1914 there was the largest peaceful migration in history, when over thirty million immigrants entered the USA: there were five million between 1815 and 1860 (more than the entire population of the USA in 1790) and a five-fold increase to twenty-six million between 1865 and 1914.
  • Decrease in Arrivals

    Between 1855 and 1869, fewer than 60,000 Irish arrived. During the 1880s and 1890s, the few who came tended to be Protestants who settled in Ontario and the west, though Irish numbers in the western provinces remained small.
  • Turn of the city

    The irish helped transform Catholic church from a struggling minor denomination at the turn of the century to a major social and cultural force.
  • Steam Power

    By the 1880s, when steam power had halved the time it took to complete the transatlantic crossing, a second great wave of migrants, mostly from southern and eastern Europe, began to arrive in New York.
  • Countries

    Until 1880 nearly all came from north and west Europe: mainly from Britain, Ireland and Germany.
  • Congress

    The US Congress therefore began to restrict immigration.
  • Chinese

    Chinese had been effectively kept out since 1882.
  • Quotas

    based quotas on 1890 immigration figures and reduced the percentage to two.
  • Japanese

    effectively kept out, Japanese since 1907.
  • Two-thirds

    By 1910 two-thirds of the population of America's twelve largest cities were immigrants or the children of immigrants. New York had more Italians than Naples, twice as many Irish as Dublin and more Jews than the whole of Europe.
  • Quota Act

    in 1912 the Quota Act allowed entry to only 3% of the numbers of each nation who were listed in the 1910 census, which favoured immigrants from Western Europe.
  • U.S. Home

    U.S. Home
    1914, close to twenty million Europeans had made the US their new home.
  • 85%

    In 1914, 85% of immigrants came from south and eastern Europe: Italy, the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Russia.