IB music pieces

  • Period: Jan 11, 1250 to

    IB studied music

  • Period: Jan 31, 1250 to Jan 31, 1450


    Use of modes
    monophonic textures - plainsong
    polyphonic textures - organum
    cantus firmus
    Composers : Machaut, Dufay, Dunstable
    Medieval instruments
    Music from 800
  • Period: Jan 31, 1450 to

    Renaissance music

    Composers : Josquin, Tallis, Palestrina, Monteverdi, Byrd
    Based on modes (with accidentals)
    4 or more voice parts
    Blending strands in musical texture
    Church music - contrapuntal
    Secular music - vocal pieces, dances, some instrumental pieces.
    Renaissance instruments - many forming families
  • Palestrina

    Kyrie II from Missa Iste confessor
    Example of contrapuntal texture, imitation, melisma
  • Period: to

    Baroque music

    Composers : Lully, Purcell, Vivaldi, Bach, Handel
    Homophonic texture then polyphonic textures return
    Basso continuo
    Viols replaced by violin family, string section basis of the Baroque orchestra
    modes replaced by major-minor key system
    Main forms used : binary, ternary, variations, ritornello, fugue
    Main types of music: chorale, opera, overture, sonata concerto
    energetic rhythms, flowing, ornamented melodies, contrasts
  • corelli

    Sonata a tre Op3 no2 last movement
    Example of imitation and inversion
  • Period: to

    classical music

    Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, JC Bach, CPE Bach, Gluck
    clearer texture than Baroque, mainly homophonic.
    grace and beauty of melody and form
    variety and contrast within a piece, frequent changes of mood
    clearly marked cadences
    orchestra increases in size, woodwind becomes a section
    harpsichord replaced by the piano - alberti bass accompaniment
    importance to instrumental music - sonata, trio, quartet, symphony, concerto
    sonata form the most important design
  • Haydn

    Trauersinfonie Hob I/44 Finale
    Example of sequence
  • Period: to


    Weber, Schubert, Berlioz, Chopin, Schumann, Liszt, Wagner, Verdi, Smetana, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Dvorak, Grieg, Rimsky-Korsakov, Elgar, Mahler, Strauss
    Freedom in form and design, intense expression of emotion.
    lyrical melodies, adventurous modulations. richer harmonies, chromaticism
    denser textures, dramatic contrasts, wide range of pitch, dynamics, timbre, expansion of orchestra - brass
    programme music
    technical virtuosity
    recurring themes to bring unity - idee fixe.
  • weber

    Overture to Der Freischutz
    Example of tremolo
  • debussy

    String Quartet op10 Assez vif
    example of ostinato, impressionism
  • Debussy - Voiles

    Debussy - Voiles
  • Period: to

    20th Century music

    Classical :
    Debussy, Sibelius, Schoenberg, Bartok, Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Messiaen, Cage, Stockhausen .....
    impressionism, atonality, microtonality, nationalism, expressionism, musique concrete, pointillism, electronic music, jazz influences, serialism, polytonality, neoclassicism, aleatoric
  • holst

    Mars from the Planets, Op 32
    Example of ostinato, col legno
  • Bartok

    string quartet no. 6 2nd movt - an example of glissando and tremolo
  • Muddy Waters Hoochie Coochie Man

    Muddy Waters Hoochie Coochie Man
    Composed by Willie Dixon and recorded on the Chess label.
    Willie Dixon - composer, producer and bass player, was an important influence on the development of what became known as Chicago Blues.